Social Psychology RuG at Erasmus University Rotterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Social Psychology RuG an der Erasmus University Rotterdam

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Postdecisional dissonance 
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- Focusing on the positive parts of decision and on the negative parts of the object you did not choose 
- occurs automatically & unconsciously 

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Outgroup homogenity effect 
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Tendency to view outgroup members as less varied as ingroup members 
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Social identity theory
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Idea that ingroups consist of individual who perceive themselves to be members of the same social category & experience pride through their group membership
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Ingroup favoritism 
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Tendency for people to evaluate favourably and privilege members of the ingroup 
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Deindividuation in groups
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  • Occurs when people lose attention to their social standards
  • Do thing they would not do if alone or self-aware
  • Likely to happen when aroused, anonymous, or diffused responsibility 
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Group polarization 
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  • Process by which initial attitudes of individuals become more extrem in the group process
  • risky-shift effect: groups make riskier decisions than individuals 

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Group think 
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  • Tendency of group to make bad decision with the aim to preserve the group & maintain the cohensivness
  • likley when group is under pressure, facing external threats, or is biased in particular direction

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Social loafing 
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  • Tendency to work less hard in groups than when working alone
  • lack of responsibility for group‘s output  
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Conformity 
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Altering of ones behavior or opinion to match those of other people 
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Reasons for conformity 
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1) normative influence:
  — go along with group to fit in & not look foolish 

2) informational influence:
  - assume that behavior of crowd is the correct way 
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Factors affecting conformity 
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1) group size

2) unanimity 
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Compliance 
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Tendency to agree to do things requested by others
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Social Psychology RuG Kurs an der Erasmus University Rotterdam - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Postdecisional dissonance 
A:
- Focusing on the positive parts of decision and on the negative parts of the object you did not choose 
- occurs automatically & unconsciously 

Q:
Outgroup homogenity effect 
A:
Tendency to view outgroup members as less varied as ingroup members 
Q:
Social identity theory
A:
Idea that ingroups consist of individual who perceive themselves to be members of the same social category & experience pride through their group membership
Q:
Ingroup favoritism 
A:
Tendency for people to evaluate favourably and privilege members of the ingroup 
Q:
Deindividuation in groups
A:
  • Occurs when people lose attention to their social standards
  • Do thing they would not do if alone or self-aware
  • Likely to happen when aroused, anonymous, or diffused responsibility 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Group polarization 
A:
  • Process by which initial attitudes of individuals become more extrem in the group process
  • risky-shift effect: groups make riskier decisions than individuals 

Q:
Group think 
A:
  • Tendency of group to make bad decision with the aim to preserve the group & maintain the cohensivness
  • likley when group is under pressure, facing external threats, or is biased in particular direction

Q:
Social loafing 
A:
  • Tendency to work less hard in groups than when working alone
  • lack of responsibility for group‘s output  
Q:
Conformity 
A:
Altering of ones behavior or opinion to match those of other people 
Q:
Reasons for conformity 
A:
1) normative influence:
  — go along with group to fit in & not look foolish 

2) informational influence:
  - assume that behavior of crowd is the correct way 
Q:
Factors affecting conformity 
A:
1) group size

2) unanimity 
Q:
Compliance 
A:
Tendency to agree to do things requested by others
Social Psychology RuG

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