Reseach Methods I at Claremont School Of Theology | Flashcards & Summaries

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disinformation

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a news story, photo, or video deliberately created to be false or misleading

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What type of validity is not prioritized when testing association or frequency claims, but is when testing causal claims?

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internal

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Universalism

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One of Merton's 4 scientific norms: - Scientific claims are evaluated according to their merit, independent of the researcher's credentials or reputation. - The same pre-established criteria apply to all scientists and all research

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open access

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term referring to a peer-reviewed academic journal that anyone, even the general public, can read without paying for access

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independent variable

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in an experiment, the factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

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negative association

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an association in which high levels of one variable go with low levels of the other variable, and vice versa - a line drawn through the cloud of points would slope downward

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Basic research
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Research whose goal is to enhance the general body of knowledge, without regard for direct application to practical problems
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empiricism

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the use of verifiable evidence as the basis for conclusions;- collecting data systematically and using it to develop, support, or challenge a theory

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Theory
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A statement or set of statements that describes general principles about how variables relate to one another
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confound

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A general term for a potential alternative explanation for a research finding (a threat to internal validity).

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Hypothesis
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A statement of the specific relationship between a study’s variables that the researcher expects to observe if a theory is accurate
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confidential study

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a research study in which identifying information is collected, but protected from disclosure to people other than the researchers

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Q:

disinformation

A:

a news story, photo, or video deliberately created to be false or misleading

Q:

What type of validity is not prioritized when testing association or frequency claims, but is when testing causal claims?

A:

internal

Q:

Universalism

A:

One of Merton's 4 scientific norms: - Scientific claims are evaluated according to their merit, independent of the researcher's credentials or reputation. - The same pre-established criteria apply to all scientists and all research

Q:

open access

A:

term referring to a peer-reviewed academic journal that anyone, even the general public, can read without paying for access

Q:

independent variable

A:

in an experiment, the factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

negative association

A:

an association in which high levels of one variable go with low levels of the other variable, and vice versa - a line drawn through the cloud of points would slope downward

Q:
Basic research
A:
Research whose goal is to enhance the general body of knowledge, without regard for direct application to practical problems
Q:

empiricism

A:

the use of verifiable evidence as the basis for conclusions;- collecting data systematically and using it to develop, support, or challenge a theory

Q:
Theory
A:
A statement or set of statements that describes general principles about how variables relate to one another
Q:

confound

A:

A general term for a potential alternative explanation for a research finding (a threat to internal validity).

Q:
Hypothesis
A:
A statement of the specific relationship between a study’s variables that the researcher expects to observe if a theory is accurate
Q:

confidential study

A:

a research study in which identifying information is collected, but protected from disclosure to people other than the researchers

Reseach Methods I

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