Eukaryontengenetik at Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

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Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

In which basic element does DNA differ from RNA?

Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

What are the four bases of DNA?

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Which of the two bases are purines and which are pyrimidines?

Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

Which of the bases (known in DNA) is replaced by another base in RNA?

Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

How does Thymine differ from Uracil?

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All four bases in DNA have hydrogen bond acceptors and donors. Which elements of the molecules are responsible for the hydrogen bonds?

Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

How many hydrogen bonds do the two different base pairs have?

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IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of R?

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IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of Y?

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IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of K?

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IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of M?

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IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of S?

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Exemplary flashcards for Eukaryontengenetik at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg on StudySmarter:

Eukaryontengenetik

In which basic element does DNA differ from RNA?
DNA differs from RNA in the type of sugar at the 2' end of the molecule. DNA contains 2'-deoxyribose while RNA contains ribose.

Eukaryontengenetik

What are the four bases of DNA?
Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G) and Cytosine (C)

Eukaryontengenetik

Which of the two bases are purines and which are pyrimidines?
Adenine and Guanine are purines and Thymine and Cytosine are pyrimidines.

Eukaryontengenetik

Which of the bases (known in DNA) is replaced by another base in RNA?
In RNA, Thymine is replaced by Uracil (U).

Eukaryontengenetik

How does Thymine differ from Uracil?
They differ in the methyl group at C5 of Thymine.

Eukaryontengenetik

All four bases in DNA have hydrogen bond acceptors and donors. Which elements of the molecules are responsible for the hydrogen bonds?
A double-bonded oxygen atom always binds to the amine group (NH2) of the paired base. Also, N-atoms bind to N-H.

Eukaryontengenetik

How many hydrogen bonds do the two different base pairs have?
A-T base pairs have 2 hydrogen bonds (weak) and G-C base pairs have 3 hydrogen bonds (strong).

Eukaryontengenetik

IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of R?
A or G (puRine)

Eukaryontengenetik

IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of Y?
C or T (pYrimidine)

Eukaryontengenetik

IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of K?
G or T (Keto)

Eukaryontengenetik

IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of M?
A or C (aMino)

Eukaryontengenetik

IUPAC Codes - Which base can be chosen for a IUPAC declaration of S?
G or C (Strong = 3 H-bonds)

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