Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth

Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth

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Lerne jetzt mit Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen für den Kurs Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth.

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

How is a contract made?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Defining an offer

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

 A valid offer made must be unconditional. What is unconditional?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Making an offer:

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Case knowledge: V Clarke

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Case knowledge: Fisher Bell

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Describing an ITT:

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

An ITT

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Case knowledge: Harvey V Facey

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Reply to a request for information:

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Defining a request for information:

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Case knowledge: Scammel V Ouston

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Agreement (Contract Law) an der University of Portsmouth auf StudySmarter:

Agreement (Contract Law)

How is a contract made?
-Agreement
-Consideration
-Intention to create legal relations

Agreement (Contract Law)

Defining an offer
An offer is an expression of willingness to contract to specified terms with the intention that it shall be binding once accepted to whom it is addressed.

Agreement (Contract Law)

 A valid offer made must be unconditional. What is unconditional?
Unconditional means that the promise of the offeror should not be dependent on certain other factors.

Agreement (Contract Law)

Making an offer:
  • An offer can be made by two or more than one person 
  • An offer must be communicated to the offeree to be effective (R V Clarke)
  • The terms of an offer must be clear, unambiguous and unconditional otherwise it cannot be accepted to contract (Scammel V Ouston)

Agreement (Contract Law)

Case knowledge: V Clarke

Fact: C handed in regarding a suspect info to the police but was unaware about the offer to be given a reward to perform such act.

Held: An offer is only effective if it's communicated to the offeree. C was unaware of the offer meaning no contract.

Agreement (Contract Law)

Case knowledge: Fisher Bell


Fact: A flick-knife was advertised in a shop window. This was a crime to sell under a legislation. 

Held: it was held that the display in the shopping window was an invitation to treat. The reason being is that there was intention to be bound to contract

Agreement (Contract Law)

Describing an ITT:
  • An ITT cannot be accepted as it's not an offer
  • There is no intention to be bound in an ITT. For instance, a display of goods was considered as an ITT in the case of Pharmaceutical Society of GB V Boots 
  • The words of an ITT are innately ambigious, uncertain and unclear to the terms and thus further expresses no unequivocal contractual intent to be bound (Gibson v Manchester City Council)

Agreement (Contract Law)

An ITT
An ITT is an indication of a person's willingness to negotiate a contract but this is not an offer in itself e.g Fisher V Bell.

Agreement (Contract Law)

Case knowledge: Harvey V Facey
Fact: C asked what lower price that D would be prepared to accept. D telegraphed back stating £900 as his preferred low offer. 

Held: The statement from the D was simply to be a reply to a request for information. It was not an offer as there was no intention to be bound thus C could not accept the offer as no contract came into being. 

Agreement (Contract Law)

Reply to a request for information:
A response to a request for information is not an offer because there is no intention to be bound as the act is to basically supply information to anyone who has an enquiry to clarify the terms of the offer as per Harvey V Facey.

Agreement (Contract Law)

Defining a request for information:
A request for information is merely a query about information regarding the offer proposed. This action has no effect on destroying or terminating an offer unlike counter-offers.

Agreement (Contract Law)

Case knowledge: Scammel V Ouston
Fact: The offeror offers to sell a lorry under HP (high purchase) terms.

Held: it was held that these terms were uncertain and ambiguous. Since there was no apprent information regarding HP for instance how installments were going to be made and time period, it was not capable to be accepted to contract.

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