Henry VIII an der University Of Cambridge | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Henry VIII an der University of Cambridge

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When and why did Henry take a hiatus from foreign policy?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 1527-1540
  • Lack of funds - Henry was unable to raise the money he needed following the Amicable Grant crisis.
  • The break from Rome
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When did Henry first invade France and with how many men?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 1512, after being granted the funds by Parliament.
  • 10,000 men sent to SW France.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why was the 1512 invasion of southwest France a failure?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Henry was reliant on the aid of Ferdinand of Aragon, which failed to materialise as the English invasion acted as a diversion allowing his own invasion of Navarre.
  • The English troops were insufficiently supplied resulting in deaths of dystentry and unable to fight alone forcing a retreat.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
In which year was a law passed to limit sheep ownership and engrossing? What was the result?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 1534 
  • Limited effects
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How did the Lincolnshire Rising and the Pilgrimage of Grace (both in 1536) have an impact?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Together they were the largest rebellion in Tudor history, as they were the most geographically widespread.
  • The PoG represented a threat to northern law and order, which shook Henry all the more because of participation by the gentry and nobility too.
  • However, the PoG did not affect the religious reforms that were going on.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What course did the Pilgrimage of Grace take?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • It began in the Yorkshire Dales and spread into West Cumberland and the West Riding
  • Pontefract castle was handed over to the rebels by Baron Darcy.
  • There were 40,000 rebels.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
In what year was an enclosure commission launched and by who? What was the impact?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 1517 by Thomas Wolsey
  • 188 defendants found to have illegally enclosed 
  • Further legislation was passed to limit sheep ownership
  • Limited success as most of this had happened prior to 1485. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What caused both the Lincolnshire Rising and the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Dissolution of the monasteries, which played a key role in local communities.
  • Religious changes forced upon peasants by the Protestant elite caused resentment.
  • Resentment over Henry's domestic financial policies and extensive taxing while food and rent prices continually increased.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Who led the Pilgrimage of Grace?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Robert Aske, a lawyer and member of the gentry.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What caused rebellion in 1525 and where was this resistance the strongest?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Introduction of the Amicable Grant by Wolsey as a forced loan without Parliament approval.
  • 1000 people, who were determined to resist payment, met in north Essex and south Sussex.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What course did the Lincolnshire Rising take and what action was taken?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Started in Lincolnshire but spread to the Humber and into East and West Riding of Yorkshire.
  • It was crushed by the Duke of Suffolk and his forces.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What action was taken as a result of the Pilgrimage of Grace?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • The Duke of Norfolk was outnumbered so a promise was made to issue pardons and restore the dissolved monasteries.
  • Henry went back on these promises following a renewed rebellion in 1537 resulting in the hanging of 74 rebels.
  • Members of the gentry were tried and executed in London.
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  • 5393 Karteikarten
  • 322 Studierende
  • 18 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Henry VIII Kurs an der University of Cambridge - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

When and why did Henry take a hiatus from foreign policy?

A:
  • 1527-1540
  • Lack of funds - Henry was unable to raise the money he needed following the Amicable Grant crisis.
  • The break from Rome
Q:

When did Henry first invade France and with how many men?

A:
  • 1512, after being granted the funds by Parliament.
  • 10,000 men sent to SW France.
Q:

Why was the 1512 invasion of southwest France a failure?

A:
  • Henry was reliant on the aid of Ferdinand of Aragon, which failed to materialise as the English invasion acted as a diversion allowing his own invasion of Navarre.
  • The English troops were insufficiently supplied resulting in deaths of dystentry and unable to fight alone forcing a retreat.

Q:
In which year was a law passed to limit sheep ownership and engrossing? What was the result?
A:
  • 1534 
  • Limited effects
Q:

How did the Lincolnshire Rising and the Pilgrimage of Grace (both in 1536) have an impact?

A:
  • Together they were the largest rebellion in Tudor history, as they were the most geographically widespread.
  • The PoG represented a threat to northern law and order, which shook Henry all the more because of participation by the gentry and nobility too.
  • However, the PoG did not affect the religious reforms that were going on.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What course did the Pilgrimage of Grace take?

A:
  • It began in the Yorkshire Dales and spread into West Cumberland and the West Riding
  • Pontefract castle was handed over to the rebels by Baron Darcy.
  • There were 40,000 rebels.
Q:
In what year was an enclosure commission launched and by who? What was the impact?
A:
  • 1517 by Thomas Wolsey
  • 188 defendants found to have illegally enclosed 
  • Further legislation was passed to limit sheep ownership
  • Limited success as most of this had happened prior to 1485. 
Q:

What caused both the Lincolnshire Rising and the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536?

A:
  • Dissolution of the monasteries, which played a key role in local communities.
  • Religious changes forced upon peasants by the Protestant elite caused resentment.
  • Resentment over Henry's domestic financial policies and extensive taxing while food and rent prices continually increased.
Q:

Who led the Pilgrimage of Grace?

A:

Robert Aske, a lawyer and member of the gentry.

Q:

What caused rebellion in 1525 and where was this resistance the strongest?

A:
  • Introduction of the Amicable Grant by Wolsey as a forced loan without Parliament approval.
  • 1000 people, who were determined to resist payment, met in north Essex and south Sussex.
Q:

What course did the Lincolnshire Rising take and what action was taken?

A:
  • Started in Lincolnshire but spread to the Humber and into East and West Riding of Yorkshire.
  • It was crushed by the Duke of Suffolk and his forces.
Q:

What action was taken as a result of the Pilgrimage of Grace?

A:
  • The Duke of Norfolk was outnumbered so a promise was made to issue pardons and restore the dissolved monasteries.
  • Henry went back on these promises following a renewed rebellion in 1537 resulting in the hanging of 74 rebels.
  • Members of the gentry were tried and executed in London.
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