A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) an der University Of Cambridge | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) an der University of Cambridge

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is capitalism and who created it?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Capitalism is based on freedom, equal opportunity, free market economy with minimal government interference and free elections. 
  • Adam Smith is seen as the father of capitalism.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were the overall objectives of the USSR, at this time?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Following the loss of almost 30 million men due to WW2, security was the primary desire. 
  • Stalin wished for the coordination of Eastern Europe, in terms of politics and economy to increase Soviet security.
  • To the US, this looked like expansionism and a desire by Stalin for the spread of communism. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When and where was the Yalta conference hosted?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • February 1945
  • The city of Yalta, Crimea
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were the overall objectives of the US, at this time?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • The containment of communism to ensure a European market for US goods.
  • An appearance of strength, following the years of appeasement. 
  • The arms industry benefited from conflict and tension through increased investment.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was the US stance on Germany as a divided country?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • George Kennan saw a united Germany as the most economically viable option in the long-term for the US, as well as the prevention of European dependency upon the US with economic support to Europe being a financial burden.
  • A divided Germany was seen as the best possible option for America, as was apparent by 1947, due to the potential threat of a united Germany aligning with the Soviet bloc. US economic influence in Europe would be undermned and Germany would become too powerful to manipulate.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were the overall objectives of Britain?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Despite its weakness, Britain still had the responsibilities of a great power, due to its Empire.
  • Desired US involvement, knowing that only the US could prevent Soviet power spreading.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What did Britain want in Germany and how effectively was their zone run?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Continued economy recovery in an effort to prevent the growth of support for communism, which would increase Soviet influence.
  • They had control of the Ruhr, as a key industrial region that was central to economic recovery.
  • They were committed to food aid, which put a strain on finances, as the large population made this costly.
  • Ultimately, this increased dependency on the US and led to Bizonia forming in 1946.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What did Roosevelt and Churchill want from the Yalta conference?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • The UN as the foundation of collective security.
  • Long-term cooperation with the USSR.
  • Self-determination for nations with no spheres of influence.
  • Democracy for Germany and its reconstruction and re-education.
  • The creation of the IMF and the World Bank for global economic reconstruction.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was the Soviet response to Bizonia?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

At the Moscow conference the Council of Ministers met and the USSR demanded the creation of a central administration. This failed.


These demands made the West fearful that the Soviets would seize control of Germany, increasing their determination for it to be divided.  

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What did Stalin want from the Yalta conference?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Control of its own destiny for the USSR.
  • Cooperation with Anglo-Americans.
  • Guarantee of security through European spheres of influence. 
  • Germany to remain weak indefinitely.
  • Economic reconstruction for the USSR at the expense of Germany. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What current issues were causing tensions amongst the Grand Alliance?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Poland. The USSR had set up the pro-communist Lublin government, whilst the legitimate government remained in London in exile. 
  • Russia wanted the west to open up a second front. Stalin felt as though the Soviets were doing the vast majority of fighting and dying (26 million died). Did the US want them to die?
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were the historical factors for mistrust between the members of the Grand Alliance?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • In 1917, Britain and the US tried to destroy the Bolshevik revolution.
  • In 1939, Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact. This alliance fell apart when Hitler invaded Russia in 1941.
  • The underlying ideological dichotomy that had fueled a propaganda war in the '30s.
  • Russia desired the safety of a buffer zone, due to its vulnerable Western border, which had been invaded by Napoleon previously and by Hitler. 
Lösung ausblenden
  • 5399 Karteikarten
  • 331 Studierende
  • 18 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) Kurs an der University of Cambridge - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is capitalism and who created it?

A:
  • Capitalism is based on freedom, equal opportunity, free market economy with minimal government interference and free elections. 
  • Adam Smith is seen as the father of capitalism.
Q:

What were the overall objectives of the USSR, at this time?

A:
  • Following the loss of almost 30 million men due to WW2, security was the primary desire. 
  • Stalin wished for the coordination of Eastern Europe, in terms of politics and economy to increase Soviet security.
  • To the US, this looked like expansionism and a desire by Stalin for the spread of communism. 
Q:

When and where was the Yalta conference hosted?

A:
  • February 1945
  • The city of Yalta, Crimea
Q:

What were the overall objectives of the US, at this time?


A:
  • The containment of communism to ensure a European market for US goods.
  • An appearance of strength, following the years of appeasement. 
  • The arms industry benefited from conflict and tension through increased investment.
Q:

What was the US stance on Germany as a divided country?

A:
  • George Kennan saw a united Germany as the most economically viable option in the long-term for the US, as well as the prevention of European dependency upon the US with economic support to Europe being a financial burden.
  • A divided Germany was seen as the best possible option for America, as was apparent by 1947, due to the potential threat of a united Germany aligning with the Soviet bloc. US economic influence in Europe would be undermned and Germany would become too powerful to manipulate.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What were the overall objectives of Britain?

A:
  • Despite its weakness, Britain still had the responsibilities of a great power, due to its Empire.
  • Desired US involvement, knowing that only the US could prevent Soviet power spreading.
Q:

What did Britain want in Germany and how effectively was their zone run?

A:
  • Continued economy recovery in an effort to prevent the growth of support for communism, which would increase Soviet influence.
  • They had control of the Ruhr, as a key industrial region that was central to economic recovery.
  • They were committed to food aid, which put a strain on finances, as the large population made this costly.
  • Ultimately, this increased dependency on the US and led to Bizonia forming in 1946.
Q:

What did Roosevelt and Churchill want from the Yalta conference?

A:
  • The UN as the foundation of collective security.
  • Long-term cooperation with the USSR.
  • Self-determination for nations with no spheres of influence.
  • Democracy for Germany and its reconstruction and re-education.
  • The creation of the IMF and the World Bank for global economic reconstruction.
Q:

What was the Soviet response to Bizonia?

A:

At the Moscow conference the Council of Ministers met and the USSR demanded the creation of a central administration. This failed.


These demands made the West fearful that the Soviets would seize control of Germany, increasing their determination for it to be divided.  

Q:

What did Stalin want from the Yalta conference?

A:
  • Control of its own destiny for the USSR.
  • Cooperation with Anglo-Americans.
  • Guarantee of security through European spheres of influence. 
  • Germany to remain weak indefinitely.
  • Economic reconstruction for the USSR at the expense of Germany. 
Q:

What current issues were causing tensions amongst the Grand Alliance?

A:
  • Poland. The USSR had set up the pro-communist Lublin government, whilst the legitimate government remained in London in exile. 
  • Russia wanted the west to open up a second front. Stalin felt as though the Soviets were doing the vast majority of fighting and dying (26 million died). Did the US want them to die?
Q:

What were the historical factors for mistrust between the members of the Grand Alliance?

A:
  • In 1917, Britain and the US tried to destroy the Bolshevik revolution.
  • In 1939, Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact. This alliance fell apart when Hitler invaded Russia in 1941.
  • The underlying ideological dichotomy that had fueled a propaganda war in the '30s.
  • Russia desired the safety of a buffer zone, due to its vulnerable Western border, which had been invaded by Napoleon previously and by Hitler. 
A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

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