Health Psychology an der University Of British Columbia | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Health psychology an der University of British Columbia

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What positive aspects of personality is involved in resilience?

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self‐esteem, personal control, and optimism.

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How to effectively manage stress

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Deal with things, problem-solve. (problem-solving / denial/avoidance) Process and express your feelings. (disclosure / rumination) Engage positive emotions; find benefits/meaning. (positive reappraisal) Accommodate to the stressor as needed. (acceptance) Find support and collaborate. (support-seeking / empathy / withdrawal) Also: Interact with friendly animals. Spend time in nature. Meditate and be mindful.

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Psychological Resilience

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Positive adaptation or successful coping after a stressful or adverse situation


→ Recovery from stress / adversity without a lasting impact.

- resilience involves high levels of 3 positive aspects of personality:

self‐esteem, personal control, and optimism.

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Relationship-Focused Coping

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Efforts to maintain and manage social relationships during stressful periods

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What other traits and characteristics are associated with more successful coping? In addition to resilience and hardiness…

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• Sense of coherence (seeing life as manageable, meaningful). • Optimism (expectation that good things will happen). • Low neuroticism / high emotional stability. • High extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. • High openness to experience. • Type B personality (low competitiveness, low hostility).

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Emotion-Focused Coping

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Denial (I told myself it didn’t happen.) Escape-Avoidance (I avoided thinking about the problem.) Distancing (I tried to forget it and put it out of my mind.) Wishful Thinking (I wished it would go away.) Emotional suppression (I tried not to cry.) Emotional expression (I told others.) Positive reappraisal (I focused on the bright side.) Self-Care (I took a break.) Social comparison (I reminded myself that I’m still better off.) Prayer (I prayed for things to get better.) Substance use (I had a drink.) Other Defence Mechanisms (e.g., intellectualizing), etc.

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Emotion-Focused Coping

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Efforts to manage emotions generated by the stressful situation.

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Functions of Coping

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Problem-Focused Coping – Direct efforts to solve the problem. Emotion-Focused Coping – Efforts to manage emotions generated by the stressful situation. Relationship-Focused Coping – Efforts to maintain and manage social relationships during stressful periods

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Approach Coping

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Attempts to actively deal with the problem or manage the tension.

- cognitive (e.g., trying to see the positive) or behavioural (e.g., talking to a friend)

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Avoidance Coping

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– Attempts to distance oneself from the problem and not think about it. cognitive (e.g., trying not to think about it) or behavioural (e.g., drinking to reduce tension)

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What is the best way to cope?

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 avoidance is better than approach if the situation is uncontrollable; yet approach is better if one can take advantage of opportunities for control.

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What is positive reappraisal is associated to?

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Examined positive reappraisal in response to adverse life events among older adults (62-88). Positive reappraisal was associated with higher current and future positive emotion, as well as lower anxiety and depression. PR coping intervention programs show success in reducing anxiety and improving clinical outcomes

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Health psychology Kurs an der University of British Columbia - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What positive aspects of personality is involved in resilience?

A:

self‐esteem, personal control, and optimism.

Q:

How to effectively manage stress

A:

Deal with things, problem-solve. (problem-solving / denial/avoidance) Process and express your feelings. (disclosure / rumination) Engage positive emotions; find benefits/meaning. (positive reappraisal) Accommodate to the stressor as needed. (acceptance) Find support and collaborate. (support-seeking / empathy / withdrawal) Also: Interact with friendly animals. Spend time in nature. Meditate and be mindful.

Q:

Psychological Resilience

A:

Positive adaptation or successful coping after a stressful or adverse situation


→ Recovery from stress / adversity without a lasting impact.

- resilience involves high levels of 3 positive aspects of personality:

self‐esteem, personal control, and optimism.

Q:

Relationship-Focused Coping

A:

Efforts to maintain and manage social relationships during stressful periods

Q:

What other traits and characteristics are associated with more successful coping? In addition to resilience and hardiness…

A:

• Sense of coherence (seeing life as manageable, meaningful). • Optimism (expectation that good things will happen). • Low neuroticism / high emotional stability. • High extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. • High openness to experience. • Type B personality (low competitiveness, low hostility).

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Q:

Emotion-Focused Coping

A:

Denial (I told myself it didn’t happen.) Escape-Avoidance (I avoided thinking about the problem.) Distancing (I tried to forget it and put it out of my mind.) Wishful Thinking (I wished it would go away.) Emotional suppression (I tried not to cry.) Emotional expression (I told others.) Positive reappraisal (I focused on the bright side.) Self-Care (I took a break.) Social comparison (I reminded myself that I’m still better off.) Prayer (I prayed for things to get better.) Substance use (I had a drink.) Other Defence Mechanisms (e.g., intellectualizing), etc.

Q:

Emotion-Focused Coping

A:

Efforts to manage emotions generated by the stressful situation.

Q:

Functions of Coping

A:

Problem-Focused Coping – Direct efforts to solve the problem. Emotion-Focused Coping – Efforts to manage emotions generated by the stressful situation. Relationship-Focused Coping – Efforts to maintain and manage social relationships during stressful periods

Q:

Approach Coping

A:

Attempts to actively deal with the problem or manage the tension.

- cognitive (e.g., trying to see the positive) or behavioural (e.g., talking to a friend)

Q:

Avoidance Coping

A:

– Attempts to distance oneself from the problem and not think about it. cognitive (e.g., trying not to think about it) or behavioural (e.g., drinking to reduce tension)

Q:

What is the best way to cope?

A:

 avoidance is better than approach if the situation is uncontrollable; yet approach is better if one can take advantage of opportunities for control.

Q:

What is positive reappraisal is associated to?

A:

Examined positive reappraisal in response to adverse life events among older adults (62-88). Positive reappraisal was associated with higher current and future positive emotion, as well as lower anxiety and depression. PR coping intervention programs show success in reducing anxiety and improving clinical outcomes

Health psychology

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