Harrisons Medical Doctor an der Universitas Indonesia | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Harrisons Medical Doctor an der Universitas Indonesia

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What does the convergence-projection hypothesis of referred pain indicate?

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Patients with pain in deep tissue or visceral structures may misinterpret it as somatic pain.

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Which components are involved in the pain modulating brain circuit?

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hypothalamus, midbrain, and medulla

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Which structure in the thalamus does the spinothalamic tracts terminate in?

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Ventral posterolateral 

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Which is true in regards to the emotional dimension of pain?

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Is it necessary in actually recognizing the pain from noxious stimuli

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Which of the examples of referred pain is incorrect?

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Heart attack triggering lower back pain

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What is the major neurotransmitter in the ascending pathway of pain sensation?

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Glutamate

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What is the placebo effect relative pain modulation?

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When the perception of the pain intensity is be lessened and produces an analgesic effect.

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What is complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)?

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It is the continuous and spontaneous pain following an injury, typically due to the impact from sympathetic dysfunction.

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How can the pain-modulating circuit be activated?

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Suggest the treatment of pain relief

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Which are the characteristics of pain from peripheral injury maintained by sympathetic outflow?

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Burning quality of spontaneous pain at the innervated region, typically delayed from hours to weeks, accompanied by extremity swelling, periarticular bone loss, or arthritic changes in distal joints

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Examples of endogenous opioid peptides?

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enkephalins and beta endorphins

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Describe ascending pathway in regards to pain sensation.

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1st order neuron: enters the dorsal root of spinal cord, terminates in the dorsal horn of the spinal gray matter.

2nd order neuron: crosses the midline, as a contralateral spinothalamic tract, climbs through the anterolateral spinal white matter, lateral edge of medulla, and lateral pons and midbrain, terminates in ventral posterolateral thamalus.

3rd order neuron: projects to the post-central gyrus, insular cortex, cingulate gyrus, and part sof the frontal lobe.

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  • 98 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Harrisons Medical Doctor Kurs an der Universitas Indonesia - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What does the convergence-projection hypothesis of referred pain indicate?

A:

Patients with pain in deep tissue or visceral structures may misinterpret it as somatic pain.

Q:

Which components are involved in the pain modulating brain circuit?

A:

hypothalamus, midbrain, and medulla

Q:

Which structure in the thalamus does the spinothalamic tracts terminate in?

A:

Ventral posterolateral 

Q:

Which is true in regards to the emotional dimension of pain?

A:

Is it necessary in actually recognizing the pain from noxious stimuli

Q:

Which of the examples of referred pain is incorrect?

A:

Heart attack triggering lower back pain

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is the major neurotransmitter in the ascending pathway of pain sensation?

A:

Glutamate

Q:

What is the placebo effect relative pain modulation?

A:

When the perception of the pain intensity is be lessened and produces an analgesic effect.

Q:

What is complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)?

A:

It is the continuous and spontaneous pain following an injury, typically due to the impact from sympathetic dysfunction.

Q:

How can the pain-modulating circuit be activated?

A:

Suggest the treatment of pain relief

Q:

Which are the characteristics of pain from peripheral injury maintained by sympathetic outflow?

A:

Burning quality of spontaneous pain at the innervated region, typically delayed from hours to weeks, accompanied by extremity swelling, periarticular bone loss, or arthritic changes in distal joints

Q:

Examples of endogenous opioid peptides?

A:

enkephalins and beta endorphins

Q:

Describe ascending pathway in regards to pain sensation.

A:

1st order neuron: enters the dorsal root of spinal cord, terminates in the dorsal horn of the spinal gray matter.

2nd order neuron: crosses the midline, as a contralateral spinothalamic tract, climbs through the anterolateral spinal white matter, lateral edge of medulla, and lateral pons and midbrain, terminates in ventral posterolateral thamalus.

3rd order neuron: projects to the post-central gyrus, insular cortex, cingulate gyrus, and part sof the frontal lobe.

Harrisons Medical Doctor

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