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Lernmaterialien für Geography of Germany an der Universität zu Kiel

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Geography of Germany Kurs an der Universität zu Kiel zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:


German Empire

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

German Empire:

-> confederation of different small states

-> much more power than the Roman Empire

--> exploding economically (industrialisation)+ boom of urbanisation 

---> coal + steel factories

---> rise in production of daily products

-> rising amount of people defining themselves as workers -> building communities -> claiming rights


-> young German Empire wanted to be military present

--> Kiel as one main place for military

--> Stübben Plan

---> Kiel was projected to have more than 1.000.000 inhabitants -> dense way of living

----> never fullfilled due to WW I

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be.


The Holy Roman Empire of German Nation:

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The Holy Roman Empire of German Nation:

-> political entity

-> goes back to Karl the Great

-> confederacy (Bündnis) of small kingdoms

-> acquaintance (Vertrautheit) to be the heir of Roman Empire 

-> devotation to Christianity

-> in midddle ages no complete sovereignity ! not westphalian system

-> tension of different powers: church ! nobility ! kingdoms ?

-> constant struggle to keep everybody together

-> Empirer had to be elected by the Kurfürsten

-> expanding territory by marriage

-> rulers were not interested in people as long as they paid taxes

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How Germany came to be

WWI:

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WW I:

loss of territory

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the vanishing border

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border between East and West Germany

-> some things still noticable 

--> e.g. higher wages in West

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:


The Napoleonic Germany

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The Napoleonic Germany:


-> a growing German nation building/ identity

-> people who are not paid are recruted to fight against Napoleon occupation

+ voluntarily enlistment for German people



Searching for the German people: Brothers
Grimm and collection of fairy tales during Romanticism:

-> nation building (cultural)

-> collecting fairy tales of all parts of Germany (especially villages, with small people)

--> should shed light on what it means to be German



German Identity
• Search for German identity was not a search for something already existing
• German identity as provocation for existing political power structures
• Economic forces of early industrialization

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be

Customs Union of 1834

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Customs Union of 1834

-> trade problematic

--> idea of shared market, despite political autonomy

---> continued by commonly shared railroad expansion


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:

French and American Revolution

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French and American Revolution


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Klima in Deutschland


allgemeine Lage

regionale Lage

lokale Windsysteme

Niederschlag

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

allgemeine Lage

west-Wind Oszillation


regionale Lage:

Einfluss des Meeres (maritim/ kontinental)

Landform (Luv/Lee)


lokale Windsysteme:

Land-See Windsystem

urbanes Klima


Niederschlag:

mehr an Gebirgen (Alpen und Seewärts, am wenigsten im Osten) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:


Idea of People‘s Sovereignty

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Idea of People‘s Sovereignty
• Enlightenment: „Man's emergence from his self- incurred immaturity” (Kant)

-> question everything, you have the right/ ability yourself
• Self empowerment of political subjects

-> former power structures were questioned
• From subject to citizen
• Sovereignty of the people

-> Sovereign person who can, together with others, vote for a ruler

--> ruler only lends power

---> ultimate poer resides with the people


• But: Who belongs to „the people“?
• Drawing new borders in ethnical, cultural and
geographical terms!


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:


Building the German Empire


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Building the German Empire

-> Bismarck succeded in integration of Prussia

• Prussia as the dominant force in German
Confederation
• Three wars of Bismark: Denmark, Austria, France

-> occupation of Paris + following crowning of Empirer in Versaille
• Building the German Empire by excluding significant parts of German population
• exluding traditional Germans from e.g. Transylvania, Baltic Region, Austria

-> those Germans were in exile from now on


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:

The political geography of Friedrich Ratzel

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The political geography of Friedrich Ratzel:


• The state is an organic entity
• Rooted deeply in „the soil“ (space)
• States struggle for survival (Political
Darwinism)
• Growth and penetration of the neighboring
people is a sign of vitality
• States have a biography just like organisms:
birth, growth, maturity, decay
• States are spatially dynamic
• Struggle for space!

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How Germany came to be:

Spatial ideology of the National Socialist

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Spatial ideology of the National Socialist:


• „Völkische Raumpolitik“ (Racial spatial politicy)
• „Lebensraum im Osten“ (Living space in the east)
• Geopolitical ideas: i.e. Karl Haushofer
• Expansionist politics
• Centralization
– Dissolving the parlaments of the states
– Establishing empirial districts
• Ideology driven centralised spatial planning

- idea of self-sufficiency (producing everything themselves)

-> no dependancies on other countries



Ideology driven central spatial planning
• Autarchy and militarization
• Regional economic cycles
• Housing developments
• Anti-urbanism: Promotion of small housing
developments in cities, Prevention of rural-
urban migration
• Colonisation

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  • 103395 Karteikarten
  • 1454 Studierende
  • 18 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Geography of Germany Kurs an der Universität zu Kiel - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

How Germany came to be:


German Empire

A:

German Empire:

-> confederation of different small states

-> much more power than the Roman Empire

--> exploding economically (industrialisation)+ boom of urbanisation 

---> coal + steel factories

---> rise in production of daily products

-> rising amount of people defining themselves as workers -> building communities -> claiming rights


-> young German Empire wanted to be military present

--> Kiel as one main place for military

--> Stübben Plan

---> Kiel was projected to have more than 1.000.000 inhabitants -> dense way of living

----> never fullfilled due to WW I

Q:

How Germany came to be.


The Holy Roman Empire of German Nation:

A:

The Holy Roman Empire of German Nation:

-> political entity

-> goes back to Karl the Great

-> confederacy (Bündnis) of small kingdoms

-> acquaintance (Vertrautheit) to be the heir of Roman Empire 

-> devotation to Christianity

-> in midddle ages no complete sovereignity ! not westphalian system

-> tension of different powers: church ! nobility ! kingdoms ?

-> constant struggle to keep everybody together

-> Empirer had to be elected by the Kurfürsten

-> expanding territory by marriage

-> rulers were not interested in people as long as they paid taxes

Q:

How Germany came to be

WWI:

A:

WW I:

loss of territory

Q:

the vanishing border

A:

border between East and West Germany

-> some things still noticable 

--> e.g. higher wages in West

Q:

How Germany came to be:


The Napoleonic Germany

A:

The Napoleonic Germany:


-> a growing German nation building/ identity

-> people who are not paid are recruted to fight against Napoleon occupation

+ voluntarily enlistment for German people



Searching for the German people: Brothers
Grimm and collection of fairy tales during Romanticism:

-> nation building (cultural)

-> collecting fairy tales of all parts of Germany (especially villages, with small people)

--> should shed light on what it means to be German



German Identity
• Search for German identity was not a search for something already existing
• German identity as provocation for existing political power structures
• Economic forces of early industrialization

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

How Germany came to be

Customs Union of 1834

A:

Customs Union of 1834

-> trade problematic

--> idea of shared market, despite political autonomy

---> continued by commonly shared railroad expansion


Q:

How Germany came to be:

French and American Revolution

A:

French and American Revolution


Q:

Klima in Deutschland


allgemeine Lage

regionale Lage

lokale Windsysteme

Niederschlag

A:

allgemeine Lage

west-Wind Oszillation


regionale Lage:

Einfluss des Meeres (maritim/ kontinental)

Landform (Luv/Lee)


lokale Windsysteme:

Land-See Windsystem

urbanes Klima


Niederschlag:

mehr an Gebirgen (Alpen und Seewärts, am wenigsten im Osten) 

Q:

How Germany came to be:


Idea of People‘s Sovereignty

A:

Idea of People‘s Sovereignty
• Enlightenment: „Man's emergence from his self- incurred immaturity” (Kant)

-> question everything, you have the right/ ability yourself
• Self empowerment of political subjects

-> former power structures were questioned
• From subject to citizen
• Sovereignty of the people

-> Sovereign person who can, together with others, vote for a ruler

--> ruler only lends power

---> ultimate poer resides with the people


• But: Who belongs to „the people“?
• Drawing new borders in ethnical, cultural and
geographical terms!


Q:

How Germany came to be:


Building the German Empire


A:

Building the German Empire

-> Bismarck succeded in integration of Prussia

• Prussia as the dominant force in German
Confederation
• Three wars of Bismark: Denmark, Austria, France

-> occupation of Paris + following crowning of Empirer in Versaille
• Building the German Empire by excluding significant parts of German population
• exluding traditional Germans from e.g. Transylvania, Baltic Region, Austria

-> those Germans were in exile from now on


Q:

How Germany came to be:

The political geography of Friedrich Ratzel

A:

The political geography of Friedrich Ratzel:


• The state is an organic entity
• Rooted deeply in „the soil“ (space)
• States struggle for survival (Political
Darwinism)
• Growth and penetration of the neighboring
people is a sign of vitality
• States have a biography just like organisms:
birth, growth, maturity, decay
• States are spatially dynamic
• Struggle for space!

Q:

How Germany came to be:

Spatial ideology of the National Socialist

A:

Spatial ideology of the National Socialist:


• „Völkische Raumpolitik“ (Racial spatial politicy)
• „Lebensraum im Osten“ (Living space in the east)
• Geopolitical ideas: i.e. Karl Haushofer
• Expansionist politics
• Centralization
– Dissolving the parlaments of the states
– Establishing empirial districts
• Ideology driven centralised spatial planning

- idea of self-sufficiency (producing everything themselves)

-> no dependancies on other countries



Ideology driven central spatial planning
• Autarchy and militarization
• Regional economic cycles
• Housing developments
• Anti-urbanism: Promotion of small housing
developments in cities, Prevention of rural-
urban migration
• Colonisation

Geography of Germany

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