Culture/lit an der Universität Wien | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für culture/lit an der Universität Wien

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen culture/lit Kurs an der Universität Wien zu.

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What is the etimology of culture?

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"colore" - to care for, to farm or cultivate and to prepare land for the production of food. 


to artificially improve nature

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Maps

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  • Maps as representations of ‘real’ space / a ‘real’ place
  • what info is communicated?
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academic culture

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The two Cultures C.P. Snow: commonalities among members of academic community (attitudes, standards, patterns of behavior, approaches and assumptions) are more substantial than differences (e.g. “mental patterns” of different “religion or politics or class”)



Travelling Concepts (Mieke Bal): the term ‘subject’ refers to completely different things depending on the academic discipline/‘culture’

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Sonnet features

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  • neo-platonic love 
  • love as war, storm, illness
  • poet's disposition: flood of tears, winds of sighs
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Representation

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  • is not the same thing as the actual material object in the world
  • adds an extra level
  • always distorted to some extent
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Painting “the Treachery of images” 1929 Rene Margritte (Pipe)

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  • not a pipe, but image of a pipe
  • draws attention to the differnce between the real object, the pictorial representation of it and the linguistic representation of this object
  • word pipe --> denotation of the thing
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Culture vs. Nature

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  • both terms are subject to change and ideological functions
  • culture as ‘improvement’ of nature (brutish, wild)
  • culture → overcoming nature through culture → equating humanity with culture
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Ideology Definition

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Andreas Mahler: ideology as “interessierter Sinn” - “meaning making with an interest at stake”.


In it’s most general form ideology is meaning making with an interest

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Mappa Mundi

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  • late 12th century
  • T-and-O/O-and-T map 
  • orbis terrarum, T-shaped sea, mare magnum at the center
  • Asia, Africa and Europe 
  • East at top, south on right hand side, north is left
  • Africa at bottom right corner
  • Jerusalem at the center, Jesus in a frame in top corner
  • life after death
  • Underneath Jesus feet is Eden
  • mix of real and mythical places
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Signs according to OED

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“Something which stands for or denotes another symbolically; an image, a symbol, a sign.”

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What is culture?

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“The distinctive ideas, customs, social behavior, products, or way of life of a particular nation, society, people, or period. Hence: a society or group characterized by such customs”



Values, customs, practices, beliefs shared by a group of people

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Tragedy basics

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  • rise of main character - climax/turning point where protagonist makes wrong decision - leods to downfall and death 
  • Freytags Triangle 
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  • 219654 Karteikarten
  • 5013 Studierende
  • 78 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen culture/lit Kurs an der Universität Wien - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is the etimology of culture?

A:

"colore" - to care for, to farm or cultivate and to prepare land for the production of food. 


to artificially improve nature

Q:

Maps

A:
  • Maps as representations of ‘real’ space / a ‘real’ place
  • what info is communicated?
Q:

academic culture

A:

The two Cultures C.P. Snow: commonalities among members of academic community (attitudes, standards, patterns of behavior, approaches and assumptions) are more substantial than differences (e.g. “mental patterns” of different “religion or politics or class”)



Travelling Concepts (Mieke Bal): the term ‘subject’ refers to completely different things depending on the academic discipline/‘culture’

Q:

Sonnet features

A:
  • neo-platonic love 
  • love as war, storm, illness
  • poet's disposition: flood of tears, winds of sighs
Q:

Representation

A:
  • is not the same thing as the actual material object in the world
  • adds an extra level
  • always distorted to some extent
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Painting “the Treachery of images” 1929 Rene Margritte (Pipe)

A:
  • not a pipe, but image of a pipe
  • draws attention to the differnce between the real object, the pictorial representation of it and the linguistic representation of this object
  • word pipe --> denotation of the thing
Q:

Culture vs. Nature

A:
  • both terms are subject to change and ideological functions
  • culture as ‘improvement’ of nature (brutish, wild)
  • culture → overcoming nature through culture → equating humanity with culture
Q:

Ideology Definition

A:

Andreas Mahler: ideology as “interessierter Sinn” - “meaning making with an interest at stake”.


In it’s most general form ideology is meaning making with an interest

Q:

Mappa Mundi

A:
  • late 12th century
  • T-and-O/O-and-T map 
  • orbis terrarum, T-shaped sea, mare magnum at the center
  • Asia, Africa and Europe 
  • East at top, south on right hand side, north is left
  • Africa at bottom right corner
  • Jerusalem at the center, Jesus in a frame in top corner
  • life after death
  • Underneath Jesus feet is Eden
  • mix of real and mythical places
Q:

Signs according to OED

A:

“Something which stands for or denotes another symbolically; an image, a symbol, a sign.”

Q:

What is culture?

A:

“The distinctive ideas, customs, social behavior, products, or way of life of a particular nation, society, people, or period. Hence: a society or group characterized by such customs”



Values, customs, practices, beliefs shared by a group of people

Q:

Tragedy basics

A:
  • rise of main character - climax/turning point where protagonist makes wrong decision - leods to downfall and death 
  • Freytags Triangle 
culture/lit

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