Managing And Leading Strategic Innovation And Change an der Universität Passau | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Managing and Leading Strategic Innovation and Change an der Universität Passau

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Which are the three biases in social perception?

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  • Halo effect
  • Stereotypes
  • Self-fulfilling prophecies

The biased nature of social perception may lead to inaccurate judgements about people. 

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What are two simple discussion techniques and what can they do?

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  • Consider-the-opposite
  • Devil's advocate

Simple discussion techniques can de-bias decision making. 


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What does norms and status as characteristics do?

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Norms and status strongly shape the behaviour of individuals in a group. 


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What are group decisions responsible of and what are forms of group bias?

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Group decisions can reduce individual irrationality - but they are subject to additional group biases. 

  • Group think 
  • Risk shift 
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What are characteristics of group think?

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  • Desire for conformity and consensus within a group
  • Team members stop to question and challenge the group consensus
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What are the characteristics of risk shift?

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  • Individuals are wiling to take higher risks when they work in groups as they would individually.
  • Exposure to undesired risk possible
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What are the basic assumptions of the wisdom of the crowd?

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Nobody can consistently outperform the wisdom of the crowd. 

Assumptions:

  • relevant information is distributed
  • collective knowledge is superior to individual knowledge

=> No single expert is able to consistently outperform a group

=> Heterogeneous team can outperform every individual 

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What is the relationship between the decision making process and biases and what are the 4 points to remember?

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The question is not, whether we have been influenced by biases - it is rather, whether the decision making process was safeguarded against biases. 

1. All of us - even experienced managers and experts are vulnerable for biases, in most cases unconsciously.

2. Biases reduce the rationality of our decision making and can consequently cause wrong decisions. 

3. In order to avoid mistakes, approaches to de-bias should be integrated in decision-making processes. It helps, but its not sufficient to be aware of biases. 

4. A "good" decision is the result of a decision-making process that was safeguarded against biases.


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What are leadership theories and what are the development stages?

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Leadership theories try to explain the characteristics of "good" leadership. 

  • Traits theories
  • Behavioral theories
  • Contingency theories
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What are the characteristics of Volatile?

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  • Environment / situation changes suddenly and without warning
  • magnitude and frequency of changes increase

=> significant ups are followed by significant downs

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What are the characteristics of Uncertain?

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  • Future developments are unpredictable
  • Inability to forecast future events based on past developments
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What are the characteristics of Complex?

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  • Number of actors and interdependencies increase
  • Struggle to grasp and comprehend influencing factors
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  • 41450 Karteikarten
  • 1094 Studierende
  • 5 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Managing and Leading Strategic Innovation and Change Kurs an der Universität Passau - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Which are the three biases in social perception?

A:
  • Halo effect
  • Stereotypes
  • Self-fulfilling prophecies

The biased nature of social perception may lead to inaccurate judgements about people. 

Q:

What are two simple discussion techniques and what can they do?

A:
  • Consider-the-opposite
  • Devil's advocate

Simple discussion techniques can de-bias decision making. 


Q:

What does norms and status as characteristics do?

A:

Norms and status strongly shape the behaviour of individuals in a group. 


Q:

What are group decisions responsible of and what are forms of group bias?

A:

Group decisions can reduce individual irrationality - but they are subject to additional group biases. 

  • Group think 
  • Risk shift 
Q:

What are characteristics of group think?

A:
  • Desire for conformity and consensus within a group
  • Team members stop to question and challenge the group consensus
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are the characteristics of risk shift?

A:
  • Individuals are wiling to take higher risks when they work in groups as they would individually.
  • Exposure to undesired risk possible
Q:

What are the basic assumptions of the wisdom of the crowd?

A:

Nobody can consistently outperform the wisdom of the crowd. 

Assumptions:

  • relevant information is distributed
  • collective knowledge is superior to individual knowledge

=> No single expert is able to consistently outperform a group

=> Heterogeneous team can outperform every individual 

Q:

What is the relationship between the decision making process and biases and what are the 4 points to remember?

A:

The question is not, whether we have been influenced by biases - it is rather, whether the decision making process was safeguarded against biases. 

1. All of us - even experienced managers and experts are vulnerable for biases, in most cases unconsciously.

2. Biases reduce the rationality of our decision making and can consequently cause wrong decisions. 

3. In order to avoid mistakes, approaches to de-bias should be integrated in decision-making processes. It helps, but its not sufficient to be aware of biases. 

4. A "good" decision is the result of a decision-making process that was safeguarded against biases.


Q:

What are leadership theories and what are the development stages?

A:

Leadership theories try to explain the characteristics of "good" leadership. 

  • Traits theories
  • Behavioral theories
  • Contingency theories
Q:

What are the characteristics of Volatile?

A:
  • Environment / situation changes suddenly and without warning
  • magnitude and frequency of changes increase

=> significant ups are followed by significant downs

Q:

What are the characteristics of Uncertain?

A:
  • Future developments are unpredictable
  • Inability to forecast future events based on past developments
Q:

What are the characteristics of Complex?

A:
  • Number of actors and interdependencies increase
  • Struggle to grasp and comprehend influencing factors
Managing and Leading Strategic Innovation and Change

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