M1.2 Langue And Linguistics an der Universität Koblenz-Landau | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für M1.2 Langue and Linguistics an der Universität Koblenz-Landau

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Indexical sign

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Points to something in its immediate vicinity, (pointing finger) 

 sign that shows the direction to the next bathroom 
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Iconic sign or icon
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Provides a visual auditory or any other perceptual image of the think it stands for.
Similar to the thing it represents 

danger caused by animals on the road -a sign of a deer
Signs of falling rocks, bends in the road , playing children
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Symbolic sign
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Not have a natural link between the form and the thing it represents 

pound sign £
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Semiotics 
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Scholarly discipline that studies systems of signs in all their manifestations. Semiotics also looks at other forms of human and non-human (bees communicate with dances, monkeys express how big a danger is with cries ) behavior such as gestures, clothing , keeping distances

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Principle of indexicality
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Point to things in our scope , we consider ourselves to be at the center of the universe and everything around is is seen from our point of view.

here, now; its from our point of view
There over there
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Deictic expressions
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Words such as here there now then today tomorrow this that come I you we 

relate to the speaking ego, who imposes his perspective to the world
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Principle of sequential order
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The linear arrangement of elements in the linguistic construction reflects the sequence of the events described 
—> word order expresses sequence of events

reversing the order is perfectly possible but changes the meaning

lea got married and had a baby
Lea had a baby and got married 

SVO subject verb object 
The Layer wrote the letter.
The subject action occurs before its effect the object 
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The principle of distance
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Things that belong together conceptually are put together linguistically and things that not belong together are put at a distance 

the famous delicious Italien pepperoni pizza
the famous italien delicious pepperoni pizza
The delicious Italien pepperoni famous pizza 
Famous could be anything and is not so close related to pizza such as pepperoni so the adjective famous has more distance than pepperoni to pizza

Romeo sent his girlfriend  a Valentine card
Romeo sent a Valentine card to his girlfriend 
The smaller distance between sent and his girlfriend means she actually received the card, while the greater distance leaves the meaning unclear wether she received the card
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principle of quantity

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More form is more meaning

Thats a loooooong story expresses the idea of an extremely long story 

Plurality by repeating the word several times: Look daddy a tree and another tree and another tree

Being polite is saying a bit more

-no smoking.
-don’t smoke, will you?
-would you mind not smoking here please?
-Customers are requested to refrain from smoking if you can
-we would appreciate if you could refrain from smoking cigars and pipes as it can disturbing to other diners. Thank you

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Principle of iconicity 
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We conceive a similarity between a form of language and the thing it stands for.
e.g. the name of a bird may imitate the sound it seems to make i.e. cuckoo

iconicity may Manifest itself in 3 sub- principles
-principle of sequential order
-principle of distance
-principle of quantity
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Principle of symbolicity
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Pairing a form and meaning

The word house is only a symbol for the object house 
 Hanging up the phone - we say it but we are not literally hanging up the phone anymore
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What is Lecicology?
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Meanings and structure of words
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen M1.2 Langue and Linguistics Kurs an der Universität Koblenz-Landau - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Indexical sign

A:
Points to something in its immediate vicinity, (pointing finger) 

 sign that shows the direction to the next bathroom 
Q:
Iconic sign or icon
A:
Provides a visual auditory or any other perceptual image of the think it stands for.
Similar to the thing it represents 

danger caused by animals on the road -a sign of a deer
Signs of falling rocks, bends in the road , playing children
Q:
Symbolic sign
A:
Not have a natural link between the form and the thing it represents 

pound sign £
Q:
Semiotics 
A:
Scholarly discipline that studies systems of signs in all their manifestations. Semiotics also looks at other forms of human and non-human (bees communicate with dances, monkeys express how big a danger is with cries ) behavior such as gestures, clothing , keeping distances

Q:
Principle of indexicality
A:
Point to things in our scope , we consider ourselves to be at the center of the universe and everything around is is seen from our point of view.

here, now; its from our point of view
There over there
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Deictic expressions
A:
Words such as here there now then today tomorrow this that come I you we 

relate to the speaking ego, who imposes his perspective to the world
Q:
Principle of sequential order
A:
The linear arrangement of elements in the linguistic construction reflects the sequence of the events described 
—> word order expresses sequence of events

reversing the order is perfectly possible but changes the meaning

lea got married and had a baby
Lea had a baby and got married 

SVO subject verb object 
The Layer wrote the letter.
The subject action occurs before its effect the object 
Q:
The principle of distance
A:
Things that belong together conceptually are put together linguistically and things that not belong together are put at a distance 

the famous delicious Italien pepperoni pizza
the famous italien delicious pepperoni pizza
The delicious Italien pepperoni famous pizza 
Famous could be anything and is not so close related to pizza such as pepperoni so the adjective famous has more distance than pepperoni to pizza

Romeo sent his girlfriend  a Valentine card
Romeo sent a Valentine card to his girlfriend 
The smaller distance between sent and his girlfriend means she actually received the card, while the greater distance leaves the meaning unclear wether she received the card
Q:
principle of quantity

A:
More form is more meaning

Thats a loooooong story expresses the idea of an extremely long story 

Plurality by repeating the word several times: Look daddy a tree and another tree and another tree

Being polite is saying a bit more

-no smoking.
-don’t smoke, will you?
-would you mind not smoking here please?
-Customers are requested to refrain from smoking if you can
-we would appreciate if you could refrain from smoking cigars and pipes as it can disturbing to other diners. Thank you

Q:
Principle of iconicity 
A:
We conceive a similarity between a form of language and the thing it stands for.
e.g. the name of a bird may imitate the sound it seems to make i.e. cuckoo

iconicity may Manifest itself in 3 sub- principles
-principle of sequential order
-principle of distance
-principle of quantity
Q:
Principle of symbolicity
A:
Pairing a form and meaning

The word house is only a symbol for the object house 
 Hanging up the phone - we say it but we are not literally hanging up the phone anymore
Q:
What is Lecicology?
A:
Meanings and structure of words
M1.2 Langue and Linguistics

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