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Lernmaterialien für British Literature an der Universität Hamburg

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen British Literature Kurs an der Universität Hamburg zu.

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When did the first part of the 20th century occur?    

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1900 - 1945

Dobby with a SWISS flag - TAPE RoLL

Beginning: 1900 (arbitrary)Victoria died 1901

Ending: end of World War II

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When did the Industrial Revolution happen?    

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1760-1850


Beginning: 

1764:  Invention of Spinning Jenny by James Hargreaves

Ending: 

1851: Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations
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Principles of Romanticism    

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innovation favoured over traditionalism


interest in spontaneous feeling


interest in the natural world and the individual’s relationship


poet as a spiritually gifted genius


interest in the supernatural world (goth novel)


interest in the past (mediaevalism) (goth)


interest in the limits of experience (Confession of an English Opium Eater)

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female gothic    

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first used by Ellen Moers in Literary Women (1976)


focus on the persecuted heroine, her flight from imprisonment, and search for a lost mother



birth and the trauma associated with birth



not linked to the sex of the author but understood as an individual mode of representation

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What is important about 'Composed upon Westminster Bridge'?     

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The poem is a depiction of a spontaneous experience of emotion and describes the view in the early morning on Westminster bridge on a specific place and time. It is accompanied by the diary record of Wordsworth's sister in a less poetical way.

it underlines the myth of the poetic genius

it is a depiction of a 'landscape' that is not natural, while it was common at that time to describe natural spaces in vivid imagery.

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What is the sublime    

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Das Erhabene

from Lat. sub- (under), limen (threshold, lintel)


a central status in discussions of landscape and its representation in the eighteenth century


characterised by strong contrasts

promotes awe and fear

centered in the limits of perception and stimulates the imagination
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What is The Picturesque?    

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defined by Uvedale Price as occupying an intermediate position between the sublime and the beautiful


a way of looking at the natural world as if it were a painting


landscape paintings may show the scope of nature but they are also limited by their frame

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Terror    

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e. g. Ann Radcliffe, The Mysteries of Udolpho: A Romance (1794)


obscure dangers


anxious suspense


psychological experience

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Horror

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M. G. Lewis, The Monk: A Romance (1796)



explicit threats



(gross) violence



visceral experience

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Changes in the political Landscape    

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1837: Queen Victoria’s accession to the British throne



1832: First Reform Act

  • beginning of transformation of Britain’s social structure
  • abolition of “rotten boroughs” (areas with small electorate and disproportionate representation)
  • relative extension of franchise (right to vote)


1867: Second Reform Act

  • extended the franchise to male members of the working class

1884: Third Reform Act

  • extended franchise to almost all male Britons
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What was the most important genre of the Victorian period?    

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The novel


introduction of steam engine presses in print


during Victoria’s reign, some 3,500 authors published a total of 40,000 novels in Britain alone



consistent increase in novels published throughout the century (up to 1750: 100 per year; by 1825: 600 per year; by 1900: 6,000 per year)

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Ideology of Separate Spheres    

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separation of home and workplace resulted in a valorisation of the home (Woman as ‘Angel in the House’)



public sphere gendered as male, domestic sphere as female


cult of domesticity

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  • 235796 Karteikarten
  • 4525 Studierende
  • 255 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen British Literature Kurs an der Universität Hamburg - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

When did the first part of the 20th century occur?    

A:

1900 - 1945

Dobby with a SWISS flag - TAPE RoLL

Beginning: 1900 (arbitrary)Victoria died 1901

Ending: end of World War II

Q:

When did the Industrial Revolution happen?    

A:

1760-1850


Beginning: 

1764:  Invention of Spinning Jenny by James Hargreaves

Ending: 

1851: Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations
Q:

Principles of Romanticism    

A:

innovation favoured over traditionalism


interest in spontaneous feeling


interest in the natural world and the individual’s relationship


poet as a spiritually gifted genius


interest in the supernatural world (goth novel)


interest in the past (mediaevalism) (goth)


interest in the limits of experience (Confession of an English Opium Eater)

Q:

female gothic    

A:

first used by Ellen Moers in Literary Women (1976)


focus on the persecuted heroine, her flight from imprisonment, and search for a lost mother



birth and the trauma associated with birth



not linked to the sex of the author but understood as an individual mode of representation

Q:

What is important about 'Composed upon Westminster Bridge'?     

A:

The poem is a depiction of a spontaneous experience of emotion and describes the view in the early morning on Westminster bridge on a specific place and time. It is accompanied by the diary record of Wordsworth's sister in a less poetical way.

it underlines the myth of the poetic genius

it is a depiction of a 'landscape' that is not natural, while it was common at that time to describe natural spaces in vivid imagery.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is the sublime    

A:

Das Erhabene

from Lat. sub- (under), limen (threshold, lintel)


a central status in discussions of landscape and its representation in the eighteenth century


characterised by strong contrasts

promotes awe and fear

centered in the limits of perception and stimulates the imagination
Q:

What is The Picturesque?    

A:

defined by Uvedale Price as occupying an intermediate position between the sublime and the beautiful


a way of looking at the natural world as if it were a painting


landscape paintings may show the scope of nature but they are also limited by their frame

Q:

Terror    

A:

e. g. Ann Radcliffe, The Mysteries of Udolpho: A Romance (1794)


obscure dangers


anxious suspense


psychological experience

Q:

Horror

A:

M. G. Lewis, The Monk: A Romance (1796)



explicit threats



(gross) violence



visceral experience

Q:

Changes in the political Landscape    

A:

1837: Queen Victoria’s accession to the British throne



1832: First Reform Act

  • beginning of transformation of Britain’s social structure
  • abolition of “rotten boroughs” (areas with small electorate and disproportionate representation)
  • relative extension of franchise (right to vote)


1867: Second Reform Act

  • extended the franchise to male members of the working class

1884: Third Reform Act

  • extended franchise to almost all male Britons
Q:

What was the most important genre of the Victorian period?    

A:

The novel


introduction of steam engine presses in print


during Victoria’s reign, some 3,500 authors published a total of 40,000 novels in Britain alone



consistent increase in novels published throughout the century (up to 1750: 100 per year; by 1825: 600 per year; by 1900: 6,000 per year)

Q:

Ideology of Separate Spheres    

A:

separation of home and workplace resulted in a valorisation of the home (Woman as ‘Angel in the House’)



public sphere gendered as male, domestic sphere as female


cult of domesticity

British Literature

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