Leadership an der Universität Giessen | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Leadership an der Universität Giessen

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Sample question for trait theories of leadership

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Which characteristics make leaders more or less successful?

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Define "Great Man" Theories

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  • They are the starting point of modern leadership research. They argue that successful leadership depends on personal characteristics
  • Leaders are people with outstanding characteristics that differentiate them from followers
  • These characteristics are stable over time and occur consistently across different situations
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Which 5 core characteristics after Stogdill are suggested critically to determine a leader's success? 

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  • Capacity (intelligence, judgement)
  • Achievement (performance, knowledge)
  • Responsibility (dependability, persistance)
  • Participation (activity, sociability) 
  • Status (socio-economic position, popularity)
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[Personality] - Definition 

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  • refers to stable, overarching (übergreifend) characteristics that describe a persons' behavior
  • relatively constant, situation-independent patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior


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What is the Big Five Model?

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  • most widely used and most respected framework for describing personality
  • distinguishes five basic, continuous personality dimensions:
  1. extraversion (center of attention, sociable, active, friendly...)
  2. neuroticism (individual's stress resistance and vulnerability, anxious, stressed, nervous...)
  3. openness to experience (extent to which a person is curious and interested in new experiences)
  4. agreeableness (persons degree to which individuals value harmony and appreciate social relations)
  5. conscientiousness(person's degree of reliability and dependability, organized, hard working, careful..)
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Definition of Cognitive Intelligence

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The ability to grasp and reason correctly with abstractions and solve mental problems. (Also known as general cognitive ability IQ) 

= Leads to greater and more rapid learning, particularly for complex materials 

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Definitions of Values and Motives

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  • Values = basic, relatively stable beliefs regarding specific behavior and outcomes, with a strong moral connotation (e.g. importance of freedom, obedience, sincerity, justice)
  • Motives = represent recurring (wiederkehrende) preferences for specific means and ends (Mittel und Zwecke) ; reflect stable needs that guide action (need for power, need for achievement...)
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Definition of Problem Solving Skills (Ceonceptual Skills) and empirical results

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  • ability to identify problems and to solve them (includes analytical skills, logical thinking, intuition, and anticipation)

Empirical Results: 

- Problem solving skills contribute to leadership succes

- these skills are particularly important (e.g. solving key strategic issues at top management level)

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Expertise (technical skills) - Definition and empirical results

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  • individual's knowlede of working methods, procedures, and techniques (relevant for management tasks with focus on operational task execution)


Empirical Result

  • Expertise is important for effective work planning and for dealing with disruptions
  • particularly important for leadership success at lower hierarchical levels
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[Interpersonal Skills] - Definition

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Person's ability to deal effectively with social situations and feelings. (e.g. communication skills, empathy, and emotional intelligence)

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Emotional intelligence (EI) - Definition and effects

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Ability to recognize, use, understand and regulate emotions. 

- Studies show positive effect of EI on informal leadership emergence, development of effective leadership behaviors, leadership success

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Sample question of behavioral leadership theories?

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  • Which actions do leaders or managers perform?
    • Which behaviors make leaders more or less successful?
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  • 93932 Karteikarten
  • 1148 Studierende
  • 53 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Leadership Kurs an der Universität Giessen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Sample question for trait theories of leadership

A:

Which characteristics make leaders more or less successful?

Q:

Define "Great Man" Theories

A:
  • They are the starting point of modern leadership research. They argue that successful leadership depends on personal characteristics
  • Leaders are people with outstanding characteristics that differentiate them from followers
  • These characteristics are stable over time and occur consistently across different situations
Q:

Which 5 core characteristics after Stogdill are suggested critically to determine a leader's success? 

A:
  • Capacity (intelligence, judgement)
  • Achievement (performance, knowledge)
  • Responsibility (dependability, persistance)
  • Participation (activity, sociability) 
  • Status (socio-economic position, popularity)
Q:

[Personality] - Definition 

A:
  • refers to stable, overarching (übergreifend) characteristics that describe a persons' behavior
  • relatively constant, situation-independent patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior


Q:

What is the Big Five Model?

A:
  • most widely used and most respected framework for describing personality
  • distinguishes five basic, continuous personality dimensions:
  1. extraversion (center of attention, sociable, active, friendly...)
  2. neuroticism (individual's stress resistance and vulnerability, anxious, stressed, nervous...)
  3. openness to experience (extent to which a person is curious and interested in new experiences)
  4. agreeableness (persons degree to which individuals value harmony and appreciate social relations)
  5. conscientiousness(person's degree of reliability and dependability, organized, hard working, careful..)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Definition of Cognitive Intelligence

A:

The ability to grasp and reason correctly with abstractions and solve mental problems. (Also known as general cognitive ability IQ) 

= Leads to greater and more rapid learning, particularly for complex materials 

Q:

Definitions of Values and Motives

A:
  • Values = basic, relatively stable beliefs regarding specific behavior and outcomes, with a strong moral connotation (e.g. importance of freedom, obedience, sincerity, justice)
  • Motives = represent recurring (wiederkehrende) preferences for specific means and ends (Mittel und Zwecke) ; reflect stable needs that guide action (need for power, need for achievement...)
Q:

Definition of Problem Solving Skills (Ceonceptual Skills) and empirical results

A:
  • ability to identify problems and to solve them (includes analytical skills, logical thinking, intuition, and anticipation)

Empirical Results: 

- Problem solving skills contribute to leadership succes

- these skills are particularly important (e.g. solving key strategic issues at top management level)

Q:

Expertise (technical skills) - Definition and empirical results

A:
  • individual's knowlede of working methods, procedures, and techniques (relevant for management tasks with focus on operational task execution)


Empirical Result

  • Expertise is important for effective work planning and for dealing with disruptions
  • particularly important for leadership success at lower hierarchical levels
Q:

[Interpersonal Skills] - Definition

A:

Person's ability to deal effectively with social situations and feelings. (e.g. communication skills, empathy, and emotional intelligence)

Q:

Emotional intelligence (EI) - Definition and effects

A:

Ability to recognize, use, understand and regulate emotions. 

- Studies show positive effect of EI on informal leadership emergence, development of effective leadership behaviors, leadership success

Q:

Sample question of behavioral leadership theories?

A:
  • Which actions do leaders or managers perform?
    • Which behaviors make leaders more or less successful?
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