Phonetics And Phonology an der Universität Freiburg Im Breisgau | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Phonetics and Phonology an der Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the synchronic rules for stress assignment in Eng & Ger trisyllabic monomorphemic words ?
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- in Eng: have to be learned, highly intransparent
- in Ger: diachronic linguistics must be taken into account
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What are the three most important cases of morphophonemically determined allophonic variation?
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- /s/ as morphemes of {plural}, {possesive} or {3rd person singular}
- /d/ as morpheme of {past tense} or {past participle}
- letter sequence <ng>
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the three distinctive features of consonants?
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manner
place
intensity of articulation
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Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 
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- reduction
- linking
- assimilation
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What happens in incomlete neutralization?
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- phonemes 1 and 2 remain distinctive
- but their surroundings adapt
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Define a phoneme.
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smallest meaning-distinguishing unit in the sound system of a specific language

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Why is English orthography so problematic?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- inconsistent relation between speech sounds and letters
- complex p2g conversion in spelling and g2p conversion in reading aloud (=blending)
- many letter-to-sound rules
- diachronic explanation: vast amount of borrowings
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What is phonetics concerned with?
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- speech sounds, not language-specific
- concrete, realization of actual sounds in communiction, parole & perfromance
- phones and allophones
- characterization & classification of speech sounds
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What is an accent and what is RP?
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- the way a variety is pronounced
- most prestigious accent of Standard British English
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What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?
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free variation
complementary distribution
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is phonology concerned with?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- sound system of a specific language
- abstract focus on langue & competence
- phonemes and meaning-distinction
- function of sounds
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Define an allophone.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- variant realization of a phoneme
- occurs in either complementary distribution or free variation
- does not distinguish meaning, interchangeable with allophones of the same phoneme
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  • 58610 Karteikarten
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Q:
What are the synchronic rules for stress assignment in Eng & Ger trisyllabic monomorphemic words ?
A:
- in Eng: have to be learned, highly intransparent
- in Ger: diachronic linguistics must be taken into account
Q:
What are the three most important cases of morphophonemically determined allophonic variation?
A:
- /s/ as morphemes of {plural}, {possesive} or {3rd person singular}
- /d/ as morpheme of {past tense} or {past participle}
- letter sequence <ng>
Q:
What are the three distinctive features of consonants?
A:
manner
place
intensity of articulation
Q:
Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 
A:
- reduction
- linking
- assimilation
Q:
What happens in incomlete neutralization?
A:
- phonemes 1 and 2 remain distinctive
- but their surroundings adapt
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Define a phoneme.
A:
smallest meaning-distinguishing unit in the sound system of a specific language

Q:
Why is English orthography so problematic?
A:
- inconsistent relation between speech sounds and letters
- complex p2g conversion in spelling and g2p conversion in reading aloud (=blending)
- many letter-to-sound rules
- diachronic explanation: vast amount of borrowings
Q:
What is phonetics concerned with?
A:
- speech sounds, not language-specific
- concrete, realization of actual sounds in communiction, parole & perfromance
- phones and allophones
- characterization & classification of speech sounds
Q:
What is an accent and what is RP?
A:
- the way a variety is pronounced
- most prestigious accent of Standard British English
Q:
What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?
A:
free variation
complementary distribution
Q:
What is phonology concerned with?
A:
- sound system of a specific language
- abstract focus on langue & competence
- phonemes and meaning-distinction
- function of sounds
Q:
Define an allophone.
A:
- variant realization of a phoneme
- occurs in either complementary distribution or free variation
- does not distinguish meaning, interchangeable with allophones of the same phoneme
Phonetics and Phonology

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