Analytical Legal Philosophy an der Universität Bochum | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Analytical Legal Philosophy an der Universität Bochum

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What is Analytical/Descriptive Legal Philosophy (beschreibende Rechtsphilosophy)?

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  • Explains nature and structure of positive law

Questions to ask:

  • What is the goal of legal methods, and who decides about them?


  • How do different jurisdictions in supranational law relate to each other?


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What are the legal disciplines (Rechtsdisziplinen) and their perspektive on problems

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Legal Doctrine (Rechtslehre) and legal method: 

- answers the legal question


Sociology of Law (Rechtssoziologie)

- Explains actual behavior of judges and courts


Normative Legal Philosophy (normative Rechtsphilosophie)

- Provides reasons how the law should be


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normative knowledge

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- may take the form of knowledge about justifiying reasons, values, or norms


- according to philosophical position called moral realism: normative judgments can be objectively true or false


- according to philosophical position called moral non-cognitivism: normative positions only express subjective attitudes

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Three dimensions of philosophical analyses 

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1. Ontology

- concerns the nature of structure of reality

- What kind of object is law, and in what sense does it exist

2. Semantics

- concerns the meaning of propositions (thoughts or utterances)

- if we think about law, what kind of object do we have in mind

3. Epistemology

- concerns the possibility of knowledge about an object

- in what sense and to what extent can we have justified true beliefs about law?

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relation between positive law and natural law

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- dependence of legal validity (Rechtsgültigkeit) on morality

- existence of legal principles (Rechtsgrundsätze)

- moral arguments in legal resoning

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Three explanatory strategies

(for legal philosophy)

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Used alone or in combination


1. to  explain legal norms by reference to ormative or moral facts (true political morality)


2. to explain legal norms by descriptive reference to social facts with normativ content (normative language or social norms)


3. to regard legal normativity as a stand-alone phenomenon that neither lends itself to explainations from social facts or moral norms

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What is structure and organisation of legal systems?

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- types of norms

- hierarchies and systems

- legal officials vs. laypersons (Laien); legislators (Gesetzgeber) vs. courts (Gerichte)


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What philosophy of law is NOT

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1. legal doctrine (Rechtslehre)

specifies the content of a legal order, i.e.; what specific norms exist and how they apply to cases

- studying law = studying legal doctrine


2. ethics or moral philosophy

3. normative political philosophy

4. normative philosophy of law (nature law)

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empirical knowledge

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- is about material entities, properties or processes in the external world that are locates in space and time and feature in causal relations


- requires observation - meaning - causal interaction with the material world


- e.g. physics


- only scientific knowledge accessible to us

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analytical knowledge

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- non-empirical facts

- true facts


1. logical and mathematical facts

- based on logic


2. conceptual facts

- meaning of concepts (bachlore is a man)

- based on linguistic proficiency


3. methaphysical facts

- general nature of reality

may be based on philosophical intuitions

- are questionable

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normativity of legal norms

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- creation and existence of legal norms

- meaning and interpretation of legal norms

- binding force of legal norms


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What is the nature of the normativity of law?

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-> philosophy of law´s main task = explain the normativity of law


1. normativity of legal norms

2. structure and organisation of legal systems

3. relation between positive and natural law (=true moraltiy)

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  • 163555 Karteikarten
  • 3934 Studierende
  • 112 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Analytical Legal Philosophy Kurs an der Universität Bochum - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is Analytical/Descriptive Legal Philosophy (beschreibende Rechtsphilosophy)?

A:


  • Explains nature and structure of positive law

Questions to ask:

  • What is the goal of legal methods, and who decides about them?


  • How do different jurisdictions in supranational law relate to each other?


Q:

What are the legal disciplines (Rechtsdisziplinen) and their perspektive on problems

A:

Legal Doctrine (Rechtslehre) and legal method: 

- answers the legal question


Sociology of Law (Rechtssoziologie)

- Explains actual behavior of judges and courts


Normative Legal Philosophy (normative Rechtsphilosophie)

- Provides reasons how the law should be


Q:

normative knowledge

A:

- may take the form of knowledge about justifiying reasons, values, or norms


- according to philosophical position called moral realism: normative judgments can be objectively true or false


- according to philosophical position called moral non-cognitivism: normative positions only express subjective attitudes

Q:

Three dimensions of philosophical analyses 

A:

1. Ontology

- concerns the nature of structure of reality

- What kind of object is law, and in what sense does it exist

2. Semantics

- concerns the meaning of propositions (thoughts or utterances)

- if we think about law, what kind of object do we have in mind

3. Epistemology

- concerns the possibility of knowledge about an object

- in what sense and to what extent can we have justified true beliefs about law?

Q:

relation between positive law and natural law

A:

- dependence of legal validity (Rechtsgültigkeit) on morality

- existence of legal principles (Rechtsgrundsätze)

- moral arguments in legal resoning

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Three explanatory strategies

(for legal philosophy)

A:

Used alone or in combination


1. to  explain legal norms by reference to ormative or moral facts (true political morality)


2. to explain legal norms by descriptive reference to social facts with normativ content (normative language or social norms)


3. to regard legal normativity as a stand-alone phenomenon that neither lends itself to explainations from social facts or moral norms

Q:

What is structure and organisation of legal systems?

A:

- types of norms

- hierarchies and systems

- legal officials vs. laypersons (Laien); legislators (Gesetzgeber) vs. courts (Gerichte)


Q:

What philosophy of law is NOT

A:

1. legal doctrine (Rechtslehre)

specifies the content of a legal order, i.e.; what specific norms exist and how they apply to cases

- studying law = studying legal doctrine


2. ethics or moral philosophy

3. normative political philosophy

4. normative philosophy of law (nature law)

Q:

empirical knowledge

A:

- is about material entities, properties or processes in the external world that are locates in space and time and feature in causal relations


- requires observation - meaning - causal interaction with the material world


- e.g. physics


- only scientific knowledge accessible to us

Q:

analytical knowledge

A:

- non-empirical facts

- true facts


1. logical and mathematical facts

- based on logic


2. conceptual facts

- meaning of concepts (bachlore is a man)

- based on linguistic proficiency


3. methaphysical facts

- general nature of reality

may be based on philosophical intuitions

- are questionable

Q:

normativity of legal norms

A:

- creation and existence of legal norms

- meaning and interpretation of legal norms

- binding force of legal norms


Q:

What is the nature of the normativity of law?

A:

-> philosophy of law´s main task = explain the normativity of law


1. normativity of legal norms

2. structure and organisation of legal systems

3. relation between positive and natural law (=true moraltiy)

Analytical Legal Philosophy

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