US History an der Universität Bielefeld | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für US History an der Universität Bielefeld

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen US History Kurs an der Universität Bielefeld zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The Underground Railroad
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-Network of northern whites & free Black to help escape from south 
-Quakers active in this; 50-100k escaped
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Reform efforts of Martin Luther & John Calvin
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1517:Luther 95 Thesis
-> Henry VIII breaks with Catholic Church & est. Church of England (Protestant state church)

1530: Calvin strengthens Protestanism
->Calvinism: belief god selected few chosen people for salvation
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Rise of slavery in Chesapeake Bay colonies
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-1st Africans arrived in 1619 in Virginia 
-Chesapeake enslaved native people too
-Virginia & Maryland adopted Chatten slavery
—> defined Africans as property not people 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pilgrims & Puritans
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pilgrims: first, smaller group of Puritan Pilgrims 
-led by William Bradford 1620
-Signed Mayflower Compact
-separatists 
Puritans: second, larger group
-led by John Winthrop 1630 (A model of Christian charity)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Fundamental difference of North-South divide in early colonization 
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1st English settlement Chesapeake Bay & Caribbean West Indies colonies(South)
—>mainly commercial 
later: New England colonies Plymouth in Massachusetts(North)
—> religious goals 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1st permanent English settlement 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1607 Jamestown, Virginia 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Columbian Exchange & early colonization
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-institution of race-based slavery 
-concept of land ownership
-introduction: plants, animals, diseases
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Bacons Rebellion
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-tensions Englsh- Native people 
-Susquehannocks attacked English - killed Eng. planters, destroyed plantations (including Bacons)
-Bacon & Virginians attacked back without governors approval 
-Berkeley ordered Bacons arrest, Travel back to England 
-Bacon escaped 
—> Rebellion helped catalyze the creation of racial slavery system (replaced indentured servitude with black slavery to reduce risks- strictly controlled)
=> laws passed, laid foundation for racial slavery
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Plymouth: The first Puritan Colony
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
William Bradford, Separatist 
-took steps to convert native people with their vision of Christianity 
-continued expand settlements aggressively 
—> led to King Philips War(1675-76)
      —> Mary Rowlandson 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The impact of colonization
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
From trading & hunting to warfare & personal property 
-Europeans relied on Africans: middle passage —> transatlantic journey to trade slaves 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a side effect of the exchange? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Diseases killed natives which is why African Slaves were preferred (restistance)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Church and society by 450
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Catholic Church was only church in Europe 
-only organized institution 
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  • 61580 Karteikarten
  • 1816 Studierende
  • 81 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen US History Kurs an der Universität Bielefeld - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
The Underground Railroad
A:
-Network of northern whites & free Black to help escape from south 
-Quakers active in this; 50-100k escaped
Q:
Reform efforts of Martin Luther & John Calvin
A:
1517:Luther 95 Thesis
-> Henry VIII breaks with Catholic Church & est. Church of England (Protestant state church)

1530: Calvin strengthens Protestanism
->Calvinism: belief god selected few chosen people for salvation
Q:
Rise of slavery in Chesapeake Bay colonies
A:
-1st Africans arrived in 1619 in Virginia 
-Chesapeake enslaved native people too
-Virginia & Maryland adopted Chatten slavery
—> defined Africans as property not people 
Q:
Pilgrims & Puritans
A:
Pilgrims: first, smaller group of Puritan Pilgrims 
-led by William Bradford 1620
-Signed Mayflower Compact
-separatists 
Puritans: second, larger group
-led by John Winthrop 1630 (A model of Christian charity)
Q:
Fundamental difference of North-South divide in early colonization 
A:
1st English settlement Chesapeake Bay & Caribbean West Indies colonies(South)
—>mainly commercial 
later: New England colonies Plymouth in Massachusetts(North)
—> religious goals 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
1st permanent English settlement 

A:
1607 Jamestown, Virginia 
Q:
Columbian Exchange & early colonization
A:
-institution of race-based slavery 
-concept of land ownership
-introduction: plants, animals, diseases
Q:
Bacons Rebellion
A:
-tensions Englsh- Native people 
-Susquehannocks attacked English - killed Eng. planters, destroyed plantations (including Bacons)
-Bacon & Virginians attacked back without governors approval 
-Berkeley ordered Bacons arrest, Travel back to England 
-Bacon escaped 
—> Rebellion helped catalyze the creation of racial slavery system (replaced indentured servitude with black slavery to reduce risks- strictly controlled)
=> laws passed, laid foundation for racial slavery
Q:
Plymouth: The first Puritan Colony
A:
William Bradford, Separatist 
-took steps to convert native people with their vision of Christianity 
-continued expand settlements aggressively 
—> led to King Philips War(1675-76)
      —> Mary Rowlandson 
Q:
The impact of colonization
A:
From trading & hunting to warfare & personal property 
-Europeans relied on Africans: middle passage —> transatlantic journey to trade slaves 

Q:
What is a side effect of the exchange? 
A:
Diseases killed natives which is why African Slaves were preferred (restistance)
Q:
Church and society by 450
A:
Catholic Church was only church in Europe 
-only organized institution 
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