British Literature an der Universität Bielefeld | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für British Literature an der Universität Bielefeld

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen British Literature Kurs an der Universität Bielefeld zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were signs of precursors of the novel in the Early Modern period?

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  • experiments in style and media format
  • genre mixtures: George Gascoigne, The Adventures of Master F.J. (1573)
    • story about unrequited love
    • main character then writes letters and poems for the lady, which are included in the story
  • exuberant rhetoric: Euphuism
    • John Lyly, Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit (1578)
    • plethora of long sentences, examples, anaphoras, metaphors, similes, full of rhetoric devices
  • Robert Greene, Pandosto: The Triumph of Time (1588)
    -> source for Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale
  • picaresque romance:
    • Thomas Nashe, The Unfortunate Traveller. Or the Life of Jack Wilton (1594)
    • episodic narrative of protest against existing conditions, fairly violent
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Characteristics of Middle English literature

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  • political, social and cultural change after Norman invasion
  • manuscript culture, court vs. country
    -> French at court, English in country
  • continuation of hero narratives, romances (due to influence from Romanic countries)
  • Arthurian legends - mythical past
  • start of social analysis and criticism
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Characteristics of Old English literature

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  • re-interpretation of heroism: saints' lives (e.g. Juliana)
  • religious verse: The Dream of the Rood (meditation exercise)
  • prose at the court of King Alfred (849-99): religious and historio-graphical (chronicles)
  • oral transmission, spread of the vernacular
  • manuscript culture
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What are important points about "Beowulf"?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • first British poem
  • written ca. 8th century
  • deals with Danish people, not with British
  • ca. 3000 lines
  • community of values
  • fusion of heathen and Christian concepts of heroism
  • 2nd half: Beowulf sacrifices his life for his community -> parallels to Jesus/Christianity
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Context of Middle English

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  • From Norman Conquest to Renaissance (1066 - ca. 15th century)
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What is the most well-known Middle English piece of writing?

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Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer (1387-1400):

  • 17,000 lines
  • prose and verse
  • collection of stories
  • pilgrims as representatives of social structure using variety of genres
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Examples of Middle English literature

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  • Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde
  • Thomas Malory, Le Morte D'Arthur
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (1375)
  • William Langland, Piers Plowman
  • Alliterative Revival
    -> no French end rhymes, but alliteration of starting consonants in lines
  • mystery plays, morality plays (Everyman)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Context of Early Modern Period

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • switch from theocentric to anthropocentric world picture
  • ca. late 15th - late 17th century (Reformation to Restoration: 1534 - 1660s)
  • covers: Renaissance, Humanism, Elizabethan period, Jacobean period, Civil War(s), Interregnum, Restoration
  • beginning of 'modern' period: Glorious Revolution (1688)
  • Humanist learning:
    • translations
    • rhetoric (Quintilian), copia
  • Elizabethan World Picture (fixed world order)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is The Morte Darthur

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • English story about King Arthur told using French writing tradition
  • written by Thomas Malory
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Context of Old English

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Anglo-Saxon period (5th - 10th century)
  • Germanic invasion, Christian mission, Anglo-Saxon language
  • Viking invasions
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What were the Early Modern literary systems?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • oral culture, popular culture (broadsheets, ballads) -> (stories of murder and crime sold well)
  • print culture
  • coterie (manuscript) culture
    -> well-educated men wrote e.g. daring poems and sent them around and tried to impress each other, rhetorical expressions were supposed to sound natural -> sprezzatura
  • 'stigma of print' since printing your book signaled that you needed money (however, most print from that time is from noblemen with notes that they "actually didn't want to publish them, but were made to do so")
  • the elevation of English literature
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are important texts from the Renaissance/Humanist period? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Thomas More, Utopia (Lat. 1516, transl. 1551)
    -> coined a whole genre, Utopia literature is only created when you think you have the power to change society
  • Sir Thomas Elyot, The Boke named the Governour (1531)
    -> imitation of Italian text, meant for upper-class Christian men to educate them
  • Roger Ascham, The Scholemaster (1570)
    -> educational book for private tutoring
  • George Puttenham, The Arte of English Poesie (1589)
    -> guidelines for style and rhetoric
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  • 63195 Karteikarten
  • 1979 Studierende
  • 88 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen British Literature Kurs an der Universität Bielefeld - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What were signs of precursors of the novel in the Early Modern period?

A:
  • experiments in style and media format
  • genre mixtures: George Gascoigne, The Adventures of Master F.J. (1573)
    • story about unrequited love
    • main character then writes letters and poems for the lady, which are included in the story
  • exuberant rhetoric: Euphuism
    • John Lyly, Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit (1578)
    • plethora of long sentences, examples, anaphoras, metaphors, similes, full of rhetoric devices
  • Robert Greene, Pandosto: The Triumph of Time (1588)
    -> source for Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale
  • picaresque romance:
    • Thomas Nashe, The Unfortunate Traveller. Or the Life of Jack Wilton (1594)
    • episodic narrative of protest against existing conditions, fairly violent
Q:

Characteristics of Middle English literature

A:
  • political, social and cultural change after Norman invasion
  • manuscript culture, court vs. country
    -> French at court, English in country
  • continuation of hero narratives, romances (due to influence from Romanic countries)
  • Arthurian legends - mythical past
  • start of social analysis and criticism
Q:

Characteristics of Old English literature

A:
  • re-interpretation of heroism: saints' lives (e.g. Juliana)
  • religious verse: The Dream of the Rood (meditation exercise)
  • prose at the court of King Alfred (849-99): religious and historio-graphical (chronicles)
  • oral transmission, spread of the vernacular
  • manuscript culture
Q:

What are important points about "Beowulf"?

A:
  • first British poem
  • written ca. 8th century
  • deals with Danish people, not with British
  • ca. 3000 lines
  • community of values
  • fusion of heathen and Christian concepts of heroism
  • 2nd half: Beowulf sacrifices his life for his community -> parallels to Jesus/Christianity
Q:

Context of Middle English

A:
  • From Norman Conquest to Renaissance (1066 - ca. 15th century)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is the most well-known Middle English piece of writing?

A:

Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer (1387-1400):

  • 17,000 lines
  • prose and verse
  • collection of stories
  • pilgrims as representatives of social structure using variety of genres
Q:

Examples of Middle English literature

A:
  • Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde
  • Thomas Malory, Le Morte D'Arthur
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (1375)
  • William Langland, Piers Plowman
  • Alliterative Revival
    -> no French end rhymes, but alliteration of starting consonants in lines
  • mystery plays, morality plays (Everyman)
Q:

Context of Early Modern Period

A:
  • switch from theocentric to anthropocentric world picture
  • ca. late 15th - late 17th century (Reformation to Restoration: 1534 - 1660s)
  • covers: Renaissance, Humanism, Elizabethan period, Jacobean period, Civil War(s), Interregnum, Restoration
  • beginning of 'modern' period: Glorious Revolution (1688)
  • Humanist learning:
    • translations
    • rhetoric (Quintilian), copia
  • Elizabethan World Picture (fixed world order)
Q:

What is The Morte Darthur

A:
  • English story about King Arthur told using French writing tradition
  • written by Thomas Malory
Q:

Context of Old English

A:
  • Anglo-Saxon period (5th - 10th century)
  • Germanic invasion, Christian mission, Anglo-Saxon language
  • Viking invasions
Q:

What were the Early Modern literary systems?

A:
  • oral culture, popular culture (broadsheets, ballads) -> (stories of murder and crime sold well)
  • print culture
  • coterie (manuscript) culture
    -> well-educated men wrote e.g. daring poems and sent them around and tried to impress each other, rhetorical expressions were supposed to sound natural -> sprezzatura
  • 'stigma of print' since printing your book signaled that you needed money (however, most print from that time is from noblemen with notes that they "actually didn't want to publish them, but were made to do so")
  • the elevation of English literature
Q:

What are important texts from the Renaissance/Humanist period? 

A:
  • Thomas More, Utopia (Lat. 1516, transl. 1551)
    -> coined a whole genre, Utopia literature is only created when you think you have the power to change society
  • Sir Thomas Elyot, The Boke named the Governour (1531)
    -> imitation of Italian text, meant for upper-class Christian men to educate them
  • Roger Ascham, The Scholemaster (1570)
    -> educational book for private tutoring
  • George Puttenham, The Arte of English Poesie (1589)
    -> guidelines for style and rhetoric
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