What Is Culture? an der TU Dortmund | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für What is culture? an der TU Dortmund

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What is British cultural studies?
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  • Hogarth, William,s E.P. Thompson And Hall provided the basis of enquiry for cultural studies
  • it is interdisciplinary (uses variety of approaches from history, gender, literary studies etc.)
  • it does not only look at the so called ˋhighˋ culture like canonized  literature, music and art,  but especially at popular culture
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Who is Raymond Williams?
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  • Founding father of British cultural studies 
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culture vs. civilisation 

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-culture= is the set of values that shapes the behavior of a society at different levels

-civilization= is apparent in the physical development in form of man-made environment

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high culture vs. low culture

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high culture= refers to a set of of cultural products, mainly in the arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture

low culture= refers to things as gossip magazines, popular music etc.

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Three Definitions of culture

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1. general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development

2. a particular way of life. whether of people, a period, a group or humanity in general 

3. the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity 

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What is culture for Matthew Arnold?

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- culture is the product and expression of human attempts to reach a "harmonious perfection" 

→ culture is always only 'high culture' for him  

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6 Definition of Popular Culture (Storey) 

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1. Popular culture is simply culture that is widely favored or well liked by many people (emphasis of quantity)

2. popular culture is the culture that is left after we have decided what is high culture

3. popular culture is mass culture 

4. popular culture that originates of the people for the people 

5. popular culture refers to a resistance against hegemony 

6. post modern culture is a culture that no longer recognizes the distinction between high and popular culture 

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What do all Definitions of 'popular culture' (Storey) have in common?

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a culture that only emerged following industrialization and urbanization 

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What is Mass Culture (McDonald)?

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- it is imposed from above → lord exploit the cultural needs of the masses in order to make profit and/or maintain their class rules 

- it integrates the asses into a debased 'High Culture' →becoming an instrument of political domination 

–commercially produced culture
– signified as an inferior and debased form of culture 
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Culture - Structure of feeling (Williams)

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–> particular way of seeing the world 
culture can refer to a 'structure of feeling' according to which all members of a certain group more or less organize the ways in which they know and feel about the world and themselves

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What is Culture (Stuart Hall)?


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- it is about the production and exchange of meanings

- culture = A process. a set of practices (that produce meaning)

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What is Culture (Hoggart)? 

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all practices, activities, artistic and intellectual processes and products that go to make up a culture of a specific group at a particular time –> not simply the best that has been known and thought 

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Q:
What is British cultural studies?
A:
  • Hogarth, William,s E.P. Thompson And Hall provided the basis of enquiry for cultural studies
  • it is interdisciplinary (uses variety of approaches from history, gender, literary studies etc.)
  • it does not only look at the so called ˋhighˋ culture like canonized  literature, music and art,  but especially at popular culture
Q:
Who is Raymond Williams?
A:
  • Founding father of British cultural studies 
Q:

culture vs. civilisation 

A:

-culture= is the set of values that shapes the behavior of a society at different levels

-civilization= is apparent in the physical development in form of man-made environment

Q:

high culture vs. low culture

A:

high culture= refers to a set of of cultural products, mainly in the arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture

low culture= refers to things as gossip magazines, popular music etc.

Q:

Three Definitions of culture

A:

1. general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development

2. a particular way of life. whether of people, a period, a group or humanity in general 

3. the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is culture for Matthew Arnold?

A:

- culture is the product and expression of human attempts to reach a "harmonious perfection" 

→ culture is always only 'high culture' for him  

Q:

6 Definition of Popular Culture (Storey) 

A:

1. Popular culture is simply culture that is widely favored or well liked by many people (emphasis of quantity)

2. popular culture is the culture that is left after we have decided what is high culture

3. popular culture is mass culture 

4. popular culture that originates of the people for the people 

5. popular culture refers to a resistance against hegemony 

6. post modern culture is a culture that no longer recognizes the distinction between high and popular culture 

Q:

What do all Definitions of 'popular culture' (Storey) have in common?

A:

a culture that only emerged following industrialization and urbanization 

Q:

What is Mass Culture (McDonald)?

A:

- it is imposed from above → lord exploit the cultural needs of the masses in order to make profit and/or maintain their class rules 

- it integrates the asses into a debased 'High Culture' →becoming an instrument of political domination 

–commercially produced culture
– signified as an inferior and debased form of culture 
Q:

Culture - Structure of feeling (Williams)

A:

–> particular way of seeing the world 
culture can refer to a 'structure of feeling' according to which all members of a certain group more or less organize the ways in which they know and feel about the world and themselves

Q:

What is Culture (Stuart Hall)?


A:

- it is about the production and exchange of meanings

- culture = A process. a set of practices (that produce meaning)

Q:

What is Culture (Hoggart)? 

A:

all practices, activities, artistic and intellectual processes and products that go to make up a culture of a specific group at a particular time –> not simply the best that has been known and thought 

What is culture?

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