Philosophy Of Science an der Tilburg University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Philosophy of science an der Tilburg University

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What do rationalist believe?

and what is the associated claim? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Real knowledge stems from our reason
(ratio);
• Associated claim: There is innate knowledge (= nativism).
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 2 views ( and definition) of epistemology?
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(1) rationalism: real knowledge is derived from the ratio/
reason;
• (2) empiricism: real knowledge comes from sensory experience.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What did rationalist Plato believe in? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Plato says When you are born you already have knowledge.
there is no new knowledge. you do not really learn anything.

plato believed in reincarnation. you have the capacity to remember the knowledge of prior to being born.
your birth was traumatic and you don’t have access to this knowledge. And you have to use your ratio to get this knowledge back. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Definition of anamnèsis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Acquiring knowledge is to remember these Ideas.

Plato: To learn is to remember.
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What is nativism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
There is innate knowledge. 

rationalist believe this.
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Definition of Doxa?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Opinion about how the things are
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Definition of knowledge according to plato?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
knowledge is justified and true belief.
the world is how your mental state defects it. And you can explain how it’s true.

(a skeptic would say that there is NOT a way to explain how it’s true)
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Definition of panta rhei?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
“Everything flows” a concept in the philosophy of Heraclitus 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What does Heraclitus believe in?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Everything changes constantly.

e.g there is no human beings (river)  because we change constantly.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What do empiricists believe in?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Empiricists believe that the source of knowledge is the experience gained through sensory perception.

—— there is NO innate knowledge 
——- If you want to know how something is, you have to look (or listen ...)
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Definition of Epistème
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Knowledge of how the things are
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Who was “the Philosopher”? And why?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
In the Middle Ages knowledge and reality were resolved
either by quoting the Bible or by quoting Aristotle.

Thomas Aquinas tried to unite Christian teaching with the pagan ideas of Aristotle (‘The Philosopher’)
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Q:
What do rationalist believe?

and what is the associated claim? 

A:
Real knowledge stems from our reason
(ratio);
• Associated claim: There is innate knowledge (= nativism).
Q:
What are the 2 views ( and definition) of epistemology?
A:
(1) rationalism: real knowledge is derived from the ratio/
reason;
• (2) empiricism: real knowledge comes from sensory experience.
Q:
What did rationalist Plato believe in? 
A:
Plato says When you are born you already have knowledge.
there is no new knowledge. you do not really learn anything.

plato believed in reincarnation. you have the capacity to remember the knowledge of prior to being born.
your birth was traumatic and you don’t have access to this knowledge. And you have to use your ratio to get this knowledge back. 
Q:
Definition of anamnèsis?
A:
Acquiring knowledge is to remember these Ideas.

Plato: To learn is to remember.
Q:
What is nativism?
A:
There is innate knowledge. 

rationalist believe this.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Definition of Doxa?
A:
Opinion about how the things are
Q:
Definition of knowledge according to plato?
A:
knowledge is justified and true belief.
the world is how your mental state defects it. And you can explain how it’s true.

(a skeptic would say that there is NOT a way to explain how it’s true)
Q:
Definition of panta rhei?
A:
“Everything flows” a concept in the philosophy of Heraclitus 
Q:
What does Heraclitus believe in?
A:
Everything changes constantly.

e.g there is no human beings (river)  because we change constantly.

Q:
What do empiricists believe in?
A:
Empiricists believe that the source of knowledge is the experience gained through sensory perception.

—— there is NO innate knowledge 
——- If you want to know how something is, you have to look (or listen ...)
Q:
Definition of Epistème
A:
Knowledge of how the things are
Q:
Who was “the Philosopher”? And why?
A:
In the Middle Ages knowledge and reality were resolved
either by quoting the Bible or by quoting Aristotle.

Thomas Aquinas tried to unite Christian teaching with the pagan ideas of Aristotle (‘The Philosopher’)
Philosophy of science

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