Introduction To Research Methodology an der Tilburg University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Introduction to research methodology an der Tilburg University

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conformation bias:

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:Focusing on the evidence we like best
The tendency to look only at information that agrees with what we already
believe is called the conformation bias. We ‘cherry-pick’ the information we
take in – seeking and accepting only the evidence that supports what we already
think.

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present bias:

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Failing to think about what we cannot see: Failure to consider appropriate comparison groups. Example, you thinking about a friend and they called you, that isn’t psychic only the present/ present bias in action.

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constant

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could vary, but has only 1 level (value) in a particular study.

• Constant: Study program. Value: Psychology

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variable

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is something that varies, so it must have at least two levels/values.

Variable: Hair color, Values: Blonde, brown, black, red,…

Variable: Note taking medium. Values: Laptop, paper & pencil

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operationalizing

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a way to make a theoretical construct "measurable" or "concrete"

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Measured variable:

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: I only record the value you have on a variable

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. Conceptual variables

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are abstract concepts, such as “spending time socializing”.
• A conceptual variable is sometimes called a construct.

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Manipulated Variable:

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is a variable a researcher controls, usually by assigning study participants to the
different levels of that variable.

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Categorical Variable:

Quantitive Variable:

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which pizza do you prefer?

Are meaningfull numbers: how much pizza did you eat?

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Operational variable

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Concrete, measured or manipulated variable

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Falsifiability :

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: “In so far as a scientific statement speaks about reality , it must be falsifiable : and in so far
as it is not falsifiable , it does not speak about reality "
• States that a hypothesis can be considered as a scientific theory only if it can be disproved.

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hypothesis,

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is the specific outcome the researcher expects to observe
in a study if the theory is accurate

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Q:

conformation bias:

A:

:Focusing on the evidence we like best
The tendency to look only at information that agrees with what we already
believe is called the conformation bias. We ‘cherry-pick’ the information we
take in – seeking and accepting only the evidence that supports what we already
think.

Q:

present bias:

A:

Failing to think about what we cannot see: Failure to consider appropriate comparison groups. Example, you thinking about a friend and they called you, that isn’t psychic only the present/ present bias in action.

Q:

constant

A:

could vary, but has only 1 level (value) in a particular study.

• Constant: Study program. Value: Psychology

Q:

variable

A:

is something that varies, so it must have at least two levels/values.

Variable: Hair color, Values: Blonde, brown, black, red,…

Variable: Note taking medium. Values: Laptop, paper & pencil

Q:

operationalizing

A:

a way to make a theoretical construct "measurable" or "concrete"

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Measured variable:

A:

: I only record the value you have on a variable

Q:

. Conceptual variables

A:

are abstract concepts, such as “spending time socializing”.
• A conceptual variable is sometimes called a construct.

Q:

Manipulated Variable:

A:

is a variable a researcher controls, usually by assigning study participants to the
different levels of that variable.

Q:

Categorical Variable:

Quantitive Variable:

A:

which pizza do you prefer?

Are meaningfull numbers: how much pizza did you eat?

Q:

Operational variable

A:

Concrete, measured or manipulated variable

Q:

Falsifiability :

A:

: “In so far as a scientific statement speaks about reality , it must be falsifiable : and in so far
as it is not falsifiable , it does not speak about reality "
• States that a hypothesis can be considered as a scientific theory only if it can be disproved.

Q:

hypothesis,

A:

is the specific outcome the researcher expects to observe
in a study if the theory is accurate

Introduction to research methodology

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