Experimental Psychology an der Tilburg University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Experimental Psychology an der Tilburg University

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Better recall for items in a list that were made unusual in some fashion (e.g., bold or underlined) is called __________.

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the von Restorff / isolation effect

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How does Operant / Instrumental Conditioning work?

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Operant/Instrumental Conditioning In operant conditioning, a subject learns the relationship between a stimulus and its behavior. A stimulus is only presented in response to a certain action of the subject and serves as a reinforcer that increases or decreases the probability of that action.

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Where are the cone receptors located and what are they responsible for? 
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Cones are mostly packed in the central part of the retina, the fovea. Cones are responsible for perception of colour and fine details. 
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What is Comparative psychology?
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Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of (non-human) animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behaviour.
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What is the part of the eye called where the light passes through first?
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The cornea. This is where most of the reflection takes place. 
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What is the aim of neurosciences?
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To investigate the relationship between mental processes and their biological foundations in the Central Nervous System (CNS).
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What is operational definition? 
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a description of something in terms of the operations (procedures, actions, or processes) by which it could be observed and measured. For example, the operational definition of anxiety could be in terms of a test score, withdrawal from a situation, or activation of the sympathetic nervous system.
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What is Dualism?
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Dualism is the theory that the mental and the physical – or mind and body or mind and brain – are, in some sense, radically different kinds of thing.
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What is Classical conditioning? 
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  1. a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.
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What is the key idea of the signal detection theory? (SDT)
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SDT assumes that a target stimulus is presented against a background of internal noise. Activity of the stimulus is added to the constant noise signal. The individual decides whether the observed activity originates from „noise alone“ or from „stimulus+noise“. The individual uses a criterium for this. There are 4 possibilities: Hit, Miss, Fals, and Correct Rejection. 
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What is Mental Chronometry? 
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Mental chronometry is the scientific study of processing speed or reaction time on cognitive tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of mental operations.
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On which levels can behaviour be explained? 
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Biological factors: Chemical, neural, hormonal

Individual factors: learning, psychodynamic and cognitive processes 

Cultural and social factors 
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Q:

Better recall for items in a list that were made unusual in some fashion (e.g., bold or underlined) is called __________.

A:

the von Restorff / isolation effect

Q:

How does Operant / Instrumental Conditioning work?

A:

Operant/Instrumental Conditioning In operant conditioning, a subject learns the relationship between a stimulus and its behavior. A stimulus is only presented in response to a certain action of the subject and serves as a reinforcer that increases or decreases the probability of that action.

Q:
Where are the cone receptors located and what are they responsible for? 
A:
Cones are mostly packed in the central part of the retina, the fovea. Cones are responsible for perception of colour and fine details. 
Q:
What is Comparative psychology?
A:
Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of (non-human) animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behaviour.
Q:
What is the part of the eye called where the light passes through first?
A:
The cornea. This is where most of the reflection takes place. 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is the aim of neurosciences?
A:
To investigate the relationship between mental processes and their biological foundations in the Central Nervous System (CNS).
Q:
What is operational definition? 
A:
a description of something in terms of the operations (procedures, actions, or processes) by which it could be observed and measured. For example, the operational definition of anxiety could be in terms of a test score, withdrawal from a situation, or activation of the sympathetic nervous system.
Q:
What is Dualism?
A:
Dualism is the theory that the mental and the physical – or mind and body or mind and brain – are, in some sense, radically different kinds of thing.
Q:
What is Classical conditioning? 
A:
  1. a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.
Q:
What is the key idea of the signal detection theory? (SDT)
A:
SDT assumes that a target stimulus is presented against a background of internal noise. Activity of the stimulus is added to the constant noise signal. The individual decides whether the observed activity originates from „noise alone“ or from „stimulus+noise“. The individual uses a criterium for this. There are 4 possibilities: Hit, Miss, Fals, and Correct Rejection. 
Q:
What is Mental Chronometry? 
A:
Mental chronometry is the scientific study of processing speed or reaction time on cognitive tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of mental operations.
Q:
On which levels can behaviour be explained? 
A:
Biological factors: Chemical, neural, hormonal

Individual factors: learning, psychodynamic and cognitive processes 

Cultural and social factors 
Experimental Psychology

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