Medical Engineering an der Technische Hochschule Wildau | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Medical engineering an der Technische Hochschule Wildau

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Medical engineering Kurs an der Technische Hochschule Wildau zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain the fundamental functions of brain.

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sensor --> processing --> reaction

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1982

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artificial heart Jarvik-7

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1970s

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PEO (polyethylene oxide) as a coating material on prostheses

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Name the functions of the human liver.


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- Detoxification

- Recycling 

- Storage 

- Metabolism of energy sources 

- Synthesis of Nitrogenous degradation products

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain the three basic principles on which the function of the human kidney is based and assign them spatially.

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- Ultrafiltration

- Recretion

- Resorption

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Early 19th century

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Bone plates to fix fractures Rubber and celluloid

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List important milestones / developments in the field of biomaterials in the 20th century. 

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  • 1759 - Joining of arteries on the arm with Wooden needles and twine
  • 1775 - Merging a broken one Thighbone with iron and brass
  • End of 18th century - improved asepsis = better control of inflammatory reactions in implants
  • Cat gut / silk suture (suture made from Animal submucosa material is still in use today because of its extensibility and resorbability used (eg in vaginal hysterectomy)
  • Early 19th century - Bone plates to fix fractures Rubber and celluloid
  • 1930 Stainless steel and cobalt-chromium alloys
  • 1938 first complete hip prosthesis (P. Wiles)
  • 1939 Polyethylene in surgery Contact lenses made of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate)
  • 40er PMMA bone cement after fracture operations. Nylon suture, silicone elastomers
  • 1945 Artificial kidney (Willem Johan Kolff) → Cellulose for dialysis
  • 1952 Mechanical heart valves
  • 1953 Dacron (polymer fiber) for vascular repairs
  • 1958 Cemented replacement joints (PMMA) PVC for cardiac assistance pumps
  • from 1960 sterile disposable cannulas and syringes first commercially available heart valves
  • 1970s PEO (polyethylene oxide) as a coating material on prostheses
  • 1982 artificial heart Jarvik-7
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Define biomaterials in different ways (1)

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(1) renewable raw materials:

mostly of vegetable origin (building materials, energy sources, insulating materials,

lubricants ...)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

40er

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

PMMA bone cement after fracture operations. Nylon suture, silicone

elastomers

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1939

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Polyethylene in surgery Contact lenses made of PMMA (polymethyl

methacrylate)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

End of 18th century

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

improved asepsis = better control of inflammatory reactions in

implants

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1775

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Merging a broken one Thighbone with iron and brass

Lösung ausblenden
  • 3368 Karteikarten
  • 256 Studierende
  • 30 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Medical engineering Kurs an der Technische Hochschule Wildau - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Explain the fundamental functions of brain.

A:

sensor --> processing --> reaction

Q:

1982

A:

artificial heart Jarvik-7

Q:

1970s

A:

PEO (polyethylene oxide) as a coating material on prostheses

Q:

Name the functions of the human liver.


A:

- Detoxification

- Recycling 

- Storage 

- Metabolism of energy sources 

- Synthesis of Nitrogenous degradation products

Q:

Explain the three basic principles on which the function of the human kidney is based and assign them spatially.

A:

- Ultrafiltration

- Recretion

- Resorption

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Early 19th century

A:

Bone plates to fix fractures Rubber and celluloid

Q:

List important milestones / developments in the field of biomaterials in the 20th century. 

A:
  • 1759 - Joining of arteries on the arm with Wooden needles and twine
  • 1775 - Merging a broken one Thighbone with iron and brass
  • End of 18th century - improved asepsis = better control of inflammatory reactions in implants
  • Cat gut / silk suture (suture made from Animal submucosa material is still in use today because of its extensibility and resorbability used (eg in vaginal hysterectomy)
  • Early 19th century - Bone plates to fix fractures Rubber and celluloid
  • 1930 Stainless steel and cobalt-chromium alloys
  • 1938 first complete hip prosthesis (P. Wiles)
  • 1939 Polyethylene in surgery Contact lenses made of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate)
  • 40er PMMA bone cement after fracture operations. Nylon suture, silicone elastomers
  • 1945 Artificial kidney (Willem Johan Kolff) → Cellulose for dialysis
  • 1952 Mechanical heart valves
  • 1953 Dacron (polymer fiber) for vascular repairs
  • 1958 Cemented replacement joints (PMMA) PVC for cardiac assistance pumps
  • from 1960 sterile disposable cannulas and syringes first commercially available heart valves
  • 1970s PEO (polyethylene oxide) as a coating material on prostheses
  • 1982 artificial heart Jarvik-7
Q:

Define biomaterials in different ways (1)

A:

(1) renewable raw materials:

mostly of vegetable origin (building materials, energy sources, insulating materials,

lubricants ...)

Q:

40er

A:

PMMA bone cement after fracture operations. Nylon suture, silicone

elastomers

Q:

1939

A:

Polyethylene in surgery Contact lenses made of PMMA (polymethyl

methacrylate)

Q:

End of 18th century

A:

improved asepsis = better control of inflammatory reactions in

implants

Q:

1775

A:

Merging a broken one Thighbone with iron and brass

Medical engineering

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