Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College

Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College

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Lerne jetzt mit Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen für den Kurs Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College.

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

What are the three ways that mental heath conditions have been classified historically?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

What are the main objectives of classifying mental health disorders?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

What is the biomedical model? And what is it's aim?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Give evidence for a link between biology and  psychological factors

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Evaluate the biomedical model - at least 1 positive and 1 negative

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

What are the behavioral approaches and how they applied

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Where  is the behavioural approach most often used

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Evaluate the behavioral approaches: at least one positive and one negative

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

What is the cognitive approach

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Who were the two main contributors And what were their contributions to the cognitive approach?

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

 evaluate the cognitive approach

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Tell me about the psychodynamic approach

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für Adult Psychopathology an der Royal Holloway and Bedford New College auf StudySmarter:

Adult Psychopathology

What are the three ways that mental heath conditions have been classified historically?

Phenomology - how does it manifest

Etiology - what causes it

Course - how does it evolve

Adult Psychopathology

What are the main objectives of classifying mental health disorders?

Clinical, Research or administrative settings

Adult Psychopathology

What is the biomedical model? And what is it's aim?

Biological factors eg genetics, infections and chemical imbalances lead to psychological symptoms

Aims to identify the biological problem so as to treat the psychological symptoms 

Adult Psychopathology

Give evidence for a link between biology and  psychological factors

A connection has been found between schizophrenia and certain genes


the link between depression and serotonin has long since been acknowledged


there is evidence that changes to the brain structures occur with Alzheimer's

Adult Psychopathology

Evaluate the biomedical model - at least 1 positive and 1 negative

positive: can lead to focused interventions, effective treatments that deliver results fast, no guilt or judgment


negative: simplistic and ignores environmental interaction and the factors of cognition and emotion, biological causes do not exist for all conditions, those with mental health disorders are placed inn a passive role through this model, treatments can have problematic side effects and can also be intrusive

Adult Psychopathology

What are the behavioral approaches and how they applied

behavioral approaches focus on how behaviours are acquired through learning and environmental factors. Only observable behaviours acknowledged. The ideas here are applied using classical conditioning operant conditioning and observational learning.

Adult Psychopathology

Where  is the behavioural approach most often used

Obesity, addiction, sexual behaviours et cetera

Adult Psychopathology

Evaluate the behavioral approaches: at least one positive and one negative

Positives: Can be extremely fast and effective for some problems, these approaches have grown to include motivation thoughts and goals


negative: some disorders can't be helped through these approaches for example schizophrenia, behavioural treatments can be insensitive and patients may resist

Adult Psychopathology

What is the cognitive approach

based on the metaphor of human brain as the computer this approach focuses on how information from the environment is processed to result in an emotional and cognitive experience

Adult Psychopathology

Who were the two main contributors And what were their contributions to the cognitive approach?

Ellis - Unhelpful cognitions and beliefs, applicable eg phobias, rational-emotive


Beck-theory of depression, triad of self the world in future

Adult Psychopathology

 evaluate the cognitive approach

Positive: evidence for cognitive biases in those with mental health conditions for example attention bias in phobias, today the best interventions for mental health disorders are cognitive behavioral therapy based


Negatives changing people's cognitive biases and fundamental beliefs is very difficult and the person really has to want to change, they work best when combined with behavioural approaches so clearly don't cover all areas

Adult Psychopathology

Tell me about the psychodynamic approach

Psychopathology comes from conflicts in the individual's unconscious, the earlier the conflict began the more severe the condition.There is a big emphasis on childhood experiences. Defence mechanisms act to defend us from the conflict

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