Philosophy Of Mind, Brain & Behavior an der Radboud University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Philosophy of Mind, Brain & Behavior an der Radboud University

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What is Dennett's understanding of a mind? 

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Mind exists but not like a chair or a tree (rejects industrial strength mental realism) 

- mind comparable to stock indexes: cannot bump into them but they exist (no entities) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain how the role-realizer idea of functionalism can explain multiple realizations 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

the same role can be played by different realizers

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What are responses to the knowledge argument? 

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- someone should know how something would look like by obtaining physical knowledge 

- if you see property for first time, you do not learn something new but rather another way how to access old knowledge 

- not problem of physical vs. nonphysical BUT theoretical vs. experiental 

= theory cannot explain what experience feels like 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Mele's conclusion concerning intention and urges of RP in Libet's experiment? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- RP cannot be intention because Libet told them what do do and therefore it cannot explain an intention 

= in Libets experiment urge is presented 


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Name factors why folk-psychology can be categorized as a theory 

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1. it postulates entities (mental states) to explain behavior 

2. it is theoretically holistic like scientific theories (terms are interdefined) 

3. it uses generalizations or laws 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What entails computationalism (Fodor)?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

the mind is a computer: Mental states, processes, and events are computational states, processes, and events.

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What is the para-mechanical hypothesis? 

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Criticizes second feature of cartesian dualism, because assumption of real difference between non-intelligent and intelligent behavior is causal difference 

= intelligent behavior is caused by mind, whereas non-intelligent behavior is caused by body 

== in that view, mind controls body but body cannot control mind 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is "Anti-Cartesian"?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Brain-body connection instead of soul-body connection 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain the terms "soul" and "substance" in a view of a substance dualist 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Soul: seat of mental states and processes 

Substance: something that can exist independently 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the mind according to Ryle? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

It is not a thing -> category mistake 

Mind is not soul/brain but it is a set of dispositions 

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What is psychological behaviorism? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- behavior is central stage (same as logical behaviorism) 

- psychological mind is not focus at all - behavior is center of attention  

= think that body & mind are separated 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain how Ryle criticizes Dualism (para-mechanical hypothesis) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

We do not need an explanation because we already made a distinction between intelligent and non-intelligent behavior 

- because its just conceptual distinction P.M hypothesis does not add anything to distinction 

- dualism mistake: conceptual distinction turned into causal distinction 

- people do not stick to hidden locus of control (Mind) but rather distinction

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Q:

What is Dennett's understanding of a mind? 

A:

Mind exists but not like a chair or a tree (rejects industrial strength mental realism) 

- mind comparable to stock indexes: cannot bump into them but they exist (no entities) 

Q:

Explain how the role-realizer idea of functionalism can explain multiple realizations 

A:

the same role can be played by different realizers

Q:

What are responses to the knowledge argument? 

A:

- someone should know how something would look like by obtaining physical knowledge 

- if you see property for first time, you do not learn something new but rather another way how to access old knowledge 

- not problem of physical vs. nonphysical BUT theoretical vs. experiental 

= theory cannot explain what experience feels like 

Q:

What is Mele's conclusion concerning intention and urges of RP in Libet's experiment? 

A:

- RP cannot be intention because Libet told them what do do and therefore it cannot explain an intention 

= in Libets experiment urge is presented 


Q:

Name factors why folk-psychology can be categorized as a theory 

A:

1. it postulates entities (mental states) to explain behavior 

2. it is theoretically holistic like scientific theories (terms are interdefined) 

3. it uses generalizations or laws 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What entails computationalism (Fodor)?

A:

the mind is a computer: Mental states, processes, and events are computational states, processes, and events.

Q:

What is the para-mechanical hypothesis? 

A:

Criticizes second feature of cartesian dualism, because assumption of real difference between non-intelligent and intelligent behavior is causal difference 

= intelligent behavior is caused by mind, whereas non-intelligent behavior is caused by body 

== in that view, mind controls body but body cannot control mind 

Q:

What is "Anti-Cartesian"?

A:

Brain-body connection instead of soul-body connection 

Q:

Explain the terms "soul" and "substance" in a view of a substance dualist 

A:

Soul: seat of mental states and processes 

Substance: something that can exist independently 

Q:

What is the mind according to Ryle? 

A:

It is not a thing -> category mistake 

Mind is not soul/brain but it is a set of dispositions 

Q:

What is psychological behaviorism? 

A:

- behavior is central stage (same as logical behaviorism) 

- psychological mind is not focus at all - behavior is center of attention  

= think that body & mind are separated 

Q:

Explain how Ryle criticizes Dualism (para-mechanical hypothesis) 

A:

We do not need an explanation because we already made a distinction between intelligent and non-intelligent behavior 

- because its just conceptual distinction P.M hypothesis does not add anything to distinction 

- dualism mistake: conceptual distinction turned into causal distinction 

- people do not stick to hidden locus of control (Mind) but rather distinction

Philosophy of Mind, Brain & Behavior

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