Epilepsy an der Radboud University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Epilepsy an der Radboud University

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
2 processes in epilepsy; neural network effect
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • sequence of chnages than convert neuro-network into hyperexited stage, 
  • changes in one or more neural cells can have impact on surrounding cells
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
medial temporal lobe epilepsy
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • seizures at young age, silent period, then again later on
  • located in temporal lobe
  • no response to AED but neurosurgical treatment
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
2 processes in epilepsy; seizure 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • abnormal and excessive exitation of neurons, change in balance of EPSP and IPSP
  • seizures can reoccur because treshold for seizures are set down
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
refractory epilepsy patients
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • resistant to medication
  • neurosurgical treatments, 4-6cm of temporal lobe are removed
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
cause of epilepsy; ion channels
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
if ion channels disrupt and imbalance in neurotransmitters occur together, then a seizure appears
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
ictal phases
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. pre-ictal, patients see it coming, have weird taste in mouth or something
2. ictal, seizure time
3. post-ictal, patients are confused
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
status epilepticus
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
lots of seizures after each other
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
main characteristics of epilepsy (4p)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. altered conciousness
2. involuntary movements
3. perceptual or autonomous changes
4. behavioral changes
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
syndrome classification: idopathic
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • no cause for epilepsy can be found
  • cogenital or hereditary abnormalities 
  • less severe neuropsy disorders, easier to treat
  • diffusion in cognitive domains (attention &info speed)
  • rapid mood swings
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
different epilepsy classifications (4)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Localisation associated
2. Generalized
3. unclear part of GEG
4. specific epilepsy syndromes
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
syndrome classification; symptomatic
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • origin of epilepsy is known, eg brain tumor or injury
  • eg temporal lobe epilepsy (mesiotemproal tissues)
  • loss of memory, verbal memory deficits

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
calssification of epileptic seizures; generalized seizures (6)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
seizures in the whole brain
  • tonic clonic: unconicousness, jerks klassiche seizure halt ne
  • tonic: no jerks
  • clonic: only jerks and spams
  • myoclonic: looks partial, but is generalized, jerking from part of the muscle
  • atonic: immideate collapse and loss of muscle control
  • absence: no muscle impairments, but glazed stare
Lösung ausblenden
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Epilepsy Kurs an der Radboud University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
2 processes in epilepsy; neural network effect
A:
  • sequence of chnages than convert neuro-network into hyperexited stage, 
  • changes in one or more neural cells can have impact on surrounding cells
Q:
medial temporal lobe epilepsy
A:
  • seizures at young age, silent period, then again later on
  • located in temporal lobe
  • no response to AED but neurosurgical treatment
Q:
2 processes in epilepsy; seizure 
A:
  • abnormal and excessive exitation of neurons, change in balance of EPSP and IPSP
  • seizures can reoccur because treshold for seizures are set down
Q:
refractory epilepsy patients
A:
  • resistant to medication
  • neurosurgical treatments, 4-6cm of temporal lobe are removed
Q:
cause of epilepsy; ion channels
A:
if ion channels disrupt and imbalance in neurotransmitters occur together, then a seizure appears
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
ictal phases
A:
1. pre-ictal, patients see it coming, have weird taste in mouth or something
2. ictal, seizure time
3. post-ictal, patients are confused
Q:
status epilepticus
A:
lots of seizures after each other
Q:
main characteristics of epilepsy (4p)

A:
1. altered conciousness
2. involuntary movements
3. perceptual or autonomous changes
4. behavioral changes
Q:
syndrome classification: idopathic
A:
  • no cause for epilepsy can be found
  • cogenital or hereditary abnormalities 
  • less severe neuropsy disorders, easier to treat
  • diffusion in cognitive domains (attention &info speed)
  • rapid mood swings
Q:
different epilepsy classifications (4)
A:
1. Localisation associated
2. Generalized
3. unclear part of GEG
4. specific epilepsy syndromes
Q:
syndrome classification; symptomatic
A:
  • origin of epilepsy is known, eg brain tumor or injury
  • eg temporal lobe epilepsy (mesiotemproal tissues)
  • loss of memory, verbal memory deficits

Q:
calssification of epileptic seizures; generalized seizures (6)
A:
seizures in the whole brain
  • tonic clonic: unconicousness, jerks klassiche seizure halt ne
  • tonic: no jerks
  • clonic: only jerks and spams
  • myoclonic: looks partial, but is generalized, jerking from part of the muscle
  • atonic: immideate collapse and loss of muscle control
  • absence: no muscle impairments, but glazed stare
Epilepsy

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