Chemical Bonds And Compounds an der Our Lady Of Fatima University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Chemical bonds and compounds an der Our Lady of Fatima University

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Tend to be gases, liquids, or solids

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Molecular compounds

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Do not have molecules as their basic structural unit, instead they are made up of extended array of
positively and negatively charged particles called IONS

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​Ionic compounds

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Formed through transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or group of atoms to another

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Ionic bonds

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Formed through the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons between two atoms
• A bond in which two electrons are shared between atoms

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Covalent bonds

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The chemical symbol of an element surrounded by dots equal in number to the number of valence electrons present in atoms of the element

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Lewis Symbols

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The number of valence electrons for the representative elements is the same as the Roman numeral periodic-table group number.
Representative elements in the same group of the periodic table have the same number valence electrons

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Both statements are true

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States that in forming compounds, atoms of elements lose, gain, or share electrons in such a way as to produce a noble gas electron
configuration for each of the atoms involved

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Octet Rule

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Ionic compounds are always

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Neutral

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An ion formed from a single atom through loss or gain of electrons (Cl-, Na+, Ca2+)

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​Monoatomic ion

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An atom (or group of atoms) that is electrically charged as a result of the loss or gain of electrons

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Ion

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The attractive force that holds two atoms together in a more complex unit

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Chemical bond

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A combination of Lewis symbols that represents either the transfer or sharing of electrons in chemical bonds

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Lewis Structure

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Q:

Tend to be gases, liquids, or solids

A:

Molecular compounds

Q:

Do not have molecules as their basic structural unit, instead they are made up of extended array of
positively and negatively charged particles called IONS

A:

​Ionic compounds

Q:

Formed through transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or group of atoms to another

A:

Ionic bonds

Q:

Formed through the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons between two atoms
• A bond in which two electrons are shared between atoms

A:

Covalent bonds

Q:

The chemical symbol of an element surrounded by dots equal in number to the number of valence electrons present in atoms of the element

A:

Lewis Symbols

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Q:

The number of valence electrons for the representative elements is the same as the Roman numeral periodic-table group number.
Representative elements in the same group of the periodic table have the same number valence electrons

A:

Both statements are true

Q:

States that in forming compounds, atoms of elements lose, gain, or share electrons in such a way as to produce a noble gas electron
configuration for each of the atoms involved

A:

Octet Rule

Q:

Ionic compounds are always

A:

Neutral

Q:

An ion formed from a single atom through loss or gain of electrons (Cl-, Na+, Ca2+)

A:

​Monoatomic ion

Q:

An atom (or group of atoms) that is electrically charged as a result of the loss or gain of electrons

A:

Ion

Q:

The attractive force that holds two atoms together in a more complex unit

A:

Chemical bond

Q:

A combination of Lewis symbols that represents either the transfer or sharing of electrons in chemical bonds

A:

Lewis Structure

Chemical bonds and compounds

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