English an der Nigerian Turkish Nile University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für English an der Nigerian Turkish Nile University

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Modes of communication
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Spoken and written 
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Primary skill as a macro language skill 
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the natural ability to communicate
without being taught. Consequently, when a child reaches the appropriate age, he/she is able to listen and start
reacting to sounds and also produce or make meaningful sounds in the language of the immediate environment. In other words, a person develops the ability to listen first and also speak naturally without being taught. Primary skills are also known as informal skills 
Key terms here,
Listening and speaking 
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Receptive micro language skill 
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Includes listening and reading 
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Non interactive setting/situation 
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Here the speaker gives out the information without being interrupted by the listener probably because he or she is not seen by the listener or the listener has no direct access to the speaker or the communicative events is not the type that will grant the listener to speak

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The two communicating situations under which speaking takes place

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The interactive and non-interactive situations or settings

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Interactive setting/situation 
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This is the setting where the role of the speaker and a listener is alternated because both participants are actively involved in a conversation or dialogue. That is, the speaker sometimes becomes the listener and the listener sometimes becomes the speaker. Consequently, both the speaker and listener have to be attentive so that the communication will be a success. Examples of this type of communication involves face-to-face communication and telephone communication. 
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Expressive or productive micro language skills 
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Involves speaking and writing 
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What is speaking about? 
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It involves pronouncing words and the ability of the speaker to:
  • Use the stress and intonation patterns of a language correctly.
  • Make words collocate appropriately
  • Use the vocabulary of a language appropriately in different situations
  • Construct grammatical units (words, phrases, clauses and sentences) correctly

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Language skills 
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skills that every user of language (whether as a listener or speaker)
needs to acquire as the basis for any effective communication to take place. By definition language skills refer to mental and physical abilities which
enable a language user to function effectively and efficiently in any communicative event.
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Micro language skills 
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Divided into formal and informal 
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Modes of Language Acquisition
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  • Formal mode of language acquisition 
  • Informal mode of language acquisition 
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What is speaking? 
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Speaking is the act of conveying information or expressing one's feelings, ideas or views orally. It is the ability to produce meaningful sounds, words and other grammatical structures such as phrases, clauses, and sentences correctly and the effective interpretation of these sounds and grammatical structure. it is an expressive skill because it is the speaker that gives out information. 
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen English Kurs an der Nigerian Turkish Nile University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Modes of communication
A:
Spoken and written 
Q:
Primary skill as a macro language skill 
A:
the natural ability to communicate
without being taught. Consequently, when a child reaches the appropriate age, he/she is able to listen and start
reacting to sounds and also produce or make meaningful sounds in the language of the immediate environment. In other words, a person develops the ability to listen first and also speak naturally without being taught. Primary skills are also known as informal skills 
Key terms here,
Listening and speaking 
Q:
Receptive micro language skill 
A:
Includes listening and reading 
Q:
Non interactive setting/situation 
A:

Here the speaker gives out the information without being interrupted by the listener probably because he or she is not seen by the listener or the listener has no direct access to the speaker or the communicative events is not the type that will grant the listener to speak

Q:

The two communicating situations under which speaking takes place

A:

The interactive and non-interactive situations or settings

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Q:
Interactive setting/situation 
A:
This is the setting where the role of the speaker and a listener is alternated because both participants are actively involved in a conversation or dialogue. That is, the speaker sometimes becomes the listener and the listener sometimes becomes the speaker. Consequently, both the speaker and listener have to be attentive so that the communication will be a success. Examples of this type of communication involves face-to-face communication and telephone communication. 
Q:
Expressive or productive micro language skills 
A:
Involves speaking and writing 
Q:
What is speaking about? 
A:
It involves pronouncing words and the ability of the speaker to:
  • Use the stress and intonation patterns of a language correctly.
  • Make words collocate appropriately
  • Use the vocabulary of a language appropriately in different situations
  • Construct grammatical units (words, phrases, clauses and sentences) correctly

Q:
Language skills 
A:
skills that every user of language (whether as a listener or speaker)
needs to acquire as the basis for any effective communication to take place. By definition language skills refer to mental and physical abilities which
enable a language user to function effectively and efficiently in any communicative event.
Q:
Micro language skills 
A:
Divided into formal and informal 
Q:
Modes of Language Acquisition
A:
  • Formal mode of language acquisition 
  • Informal mode of language acquisition 
Q:
What is speaking? 
A:
Speaking is the act of conveying information or expressing one's feelings, ideas or views orally. It is the ability to produce meaningful sounds, words and other grammatical structures such as phrases, clauses, and sentences correctly and the effective interpretation of these sounds and grammatical structure. it is an expressive skill because it is the speaker that gives out information. 
English

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