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Lernmaterialien für Anatomy 1st semester an der Medical University Varna

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Anatomy 1st semester Kurs an der Medical University Varna zu.

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Skeletal system

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  •  Composed of bone, cartilage, and ligaments
  • Protects and supports body organs
  • Provides the framework for muscles
  • Site of blood cell formation
  • Stores minerals
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 Integumentary system

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  • Forms the external body covering
  • Composed of the skin, sweat glands, oil glands, hair, and nails
  • Protects deep tissues from injury and synthesizes vitamin D
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Cardiovascular system

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  • Composed of the heart and blood vessels
  • The heart pumps blood
  • The blood vessels transport blood throughout the body
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Muscular system

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  •  Composed of muscles and tendons
  • Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression
  • Maintains posture, produces heat
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Fast & slow-twitch skeletal muscle fibers

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  • The color differences of skeletal muscles arise from differences in the amount of myoglobin they contain (myoglobin can bind, store, and release oxygen)
  • Slow oxidative (SO) = slow-twitch = red = type I fibers → high myoglobin, many mitochondria
  • Fast glycolytic (FG) = fast-twitch = white = type II fibers → low myoglobin, many glycogen granules
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Body Membranes

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  • serous membranes line and cover cavities and organs
  • 2 layers with a serous fluid for lubrication:

1. Parietal – membrane attached to the wall of a cavity

2. Visceral – membrane that covers an organ

These terms are further associated with:

> Pleura – lungs

> Pericardium – heart

> Peritoneum - abdomen

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ARTERIES -> ARTERIOLES

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Smallest definable arteries are arterioles

• They have relatively more smooth muscular tissue, less elastic tissue 

• Thus, they are more easily regulated by (autonomic) nervous control 

• The smallest arterioles (terminal arterioles): 

> Have no internal elastic layer

> Tunica media densely supplied with sympathetic nerve fibers

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Respiratory system

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  • Composed of the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
  • Keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
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Biliary tree


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• Canaliculi

• Canals of Herring

• Bile ductules

• Intrahepatic bile ducts

• Extrahepatic bile ducts

• Gallbladder

• Common bile duct

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Urinary system

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  • Composed of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
  • Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body
  • Regulates water, electrolyte, and pH balance of the blood
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Female reproductive system

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  • Composed of mammary glands, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina
  • Main function is the production of offspring
  • Ovaries produce eggs and female sex hormones
  •  Remaining structures serve as sites for fertilization and development of the fetus
  • Mammary glands produce milk to nourish the newborn
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Lymphatic system

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  • Composed of red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels
  • Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood
  • Disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream
  • Houses white blood cells involved with immunity
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  • 28474 Karteikarten
  • 247 Studierende
  • 18 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Anatomy 1st semester Kurs an der Medical University Varna - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Skeletal system

A:
  •  Composed of bone, cartilage, and ligaments
  • Protects and supports body organs
  • Provides the framework for muscles
  • Site of blood cell formation
  • Stores minerals
Q:

 Integumentary system

A:
  • Forms the external body covering
  • Composed of the skin, sweat glands, oil glands, hair, and nails
  • Protects deep tissues from injury and synthesizes vitamin D
Q:

Cardiovascular system

A:
  • Composed of the heart and blood vessels
  • The heart pumps blood
  • The blood vessels transport blood throughout the body
Q:

Muscular system

A:
  •  Composed of muscles and tendons
  • Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression
  • Maintains posture, produces heat
Q:

Fast & slow-twitch skeletal muscle fibers

A:
  • The color differences of skeletal muscles arise from differences in the amount of myoglobin they contain (myoglobin can bind, store, and release oxygen)
  • Slow oxidative (SO) = slow-twitch = red = type I fibers → high myoglobin, many mitochondria
  • Fast glycolytic (FG) = fast-twitch = white = type II fibers → low myoglobin, many glycogen granules
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Body Membranes

A:
  • serous membranes line and cover cavities and organs
  • 2 layers with a serous fluid for lubrication:

1. Parietal – membrane attached to the wall of a cavity

2. Visceral – membrane that covers an organ

These terms are further associated with:

> Pleura – lungs

> Pericardium – heart

> Peritoneum - abdomen

Q:

ARTERIES -> ARTERIOLES

A:

Smallest definable arteries are arterioles

• They have relatively more smooth muscular tissue, less elastic tissue 

• Thus, they are more easily regulated by (autonomic) nervous control 

• The smallest arterioles (terminal arterioles): 

> Have no internal elastic layer

> Tunica media densely supplied with sympathetic nerve fibers

Q:

Respiratory system

A:

  • Composed of the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
  • Keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
Q:

Biliary tree


A:

• Canaliculi

• Canals of Herring

• Bile ductules

• Intrahepatic bile ducts

• Extrahepatic bile ducts

• Gallbladder

• Common bile duct

Q:

Urinary system

A:
  • Composed of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
  • Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body
  • Regulates water, electrolyte, and pH balance of the blood
Q:

Female reproductive system

A:
  • Composed of mammary glands, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina
  • Main function is the production of offspring
  • Ovaries produce eggs and female sex hormones
  •  Remaining structures serve as sites for fertilization and development of the fetus
  • Mammary glands produce milk to nourish the newborn
Q:

Lymphatic system

A:


  • Composed of red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels
  • Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood
  • Disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream
  • Houses white blood cells involved with immunity
Anatomy 1st semester

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