BBS1006 - Critical Appraisal Of Biomedical Publications an der Maastricht University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für BBS1006 - Critical Appraisal of Biomedical Publications an der Maastricht University

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Reference change value 

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= accesses the significance of differences between repeated measurements of the same sample/individual 

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Randomized controlled trial

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= study design for which participants are randomly assigned to groups (case-control)

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Experimental study 

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= study of the effect of an introduced intervention 

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Incidence & Prevalence 

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Incidence = occurrence of a disease in a population in a specific time period (new cases)


Prevalence = proportion of people that have a certain disease at a specific time point/period (existing + new cases)

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Baseline

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= fixed time point that serves as a reference for comparison (pre-post)

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Case-control

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= study design, in which one group with a disease/intervention is compared to a control group without the disease/with placebo 

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Accuracy vs. Precision

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Accuracy = how close a measurement is to the actual value 


Precision = how close a measurement is to the other measurements 

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Absolute risk vs. Relative risk 

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Absolute risk = risk to develop a certain disease over time throughout a population 


Relative risk = risk to develop a certain disease as compared to another group /population

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Internal validity

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= measurement of how well a study eliminates confounding variables and presents the actual cause-and-effect relationship 

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External validity 

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= measurement of how well the results of a study can be applied to other settings (generalizability) 

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Observational study 

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= study that observes the effect of something (often cohort or case-control) 

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Random allocation 

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= process of randomly assigning participants to different groups 

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Q:

Reference change value 

A:

= accesses the significance of differences between repeated measurements of the same sample/individual 

Q:

Randomized controlled trial

A:

= study design for which participants are randomly assigned to groups (case-control)

Q:

Experimental study 

A:

= study of the effect of an introduced intervention 

Q:

Incidence & Prevalence 

A:

Incidence = occurrence of a disease in a population in a specific time period (new cases)


Prevalence = proportion of people that have a certain disease at a specific time point/period (existing + new cases)

Q:

Baseline

A:

= fixed time point that serves as a reference for comparison (pre-post)

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Case-control

A:

= study design, in which one group with a disease/intervention is compared to a control group without the disease/with placebo 

Q:

Accuracy vs. Precision

A:

Accuracy = how close a measurement is to the actual value 


Precision = how close a measurement is to the other measurements 

Q:

Absolute risk vs. Relative risk 

A:

Absolute risk = risk to develop a certain disease over time throughout a population 


Relative risk = risk to develop a certain disease as compared to another group /population

Q:

Internal validity

A:

= measurement of how well a study eliminates confounding variables and presents the actual cause-and-effect relationship 

Q:

External validity 

A:

= measurement of how well the results of a study can be applied to other settings (generalizability) 

Q:

Observational study 

A:

= study that observes the effect of something (often cohort or case-control) 

Q:

Random allocation 

A:

= process of randomly assigning participants to different groups 

BBS1006 - Critical Appraisal of Biomedical Publications

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