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Lernmaterialien für Introduction to Psychology an der Leiden University

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Introduction to Psychology Kurs an der Leiden University zu.

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Who founded the first university-based psychology laboratory?

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Willhelm Wundt in Leipzig

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What was Descartes view on the body & mind dualism?

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For him most of the human behaviors were cause by the body. This was a huge contrast to the church doctrine at time whose focus was on the soul, which is not examinable. Descartes though that the behavior that is only relevant to humans is though. So thought must be caused by a soul. He made the behavior "reachable" for scientist.

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What is the main idea of the theory of reflexology?

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Every human action is merely a complex reflex triggered by a outside stimulus.

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What do scientist criticize on Descartes theory?

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They find the interaction between an willful soul and the body not feasible. How can something immaterial have a material effect. Also they disliked the idea that the soul cannot be studied by them.

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What was Hobbes view on the dualism?

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He was a monist. For him only matter and energy existed. A soul for him is meaningless. The body is just a very complex machine.

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How did the British empiricists and Locke see the mind?

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They saw the child's brain as a blank slate or a tabula rasa. A brain only learns through the influence of the environment. 

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What is the main idea of the theory of localization?

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That you can divide the brain into certain areas with specific responsibilities in terms of behavior and mental experience. 

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What is the overjustification effect?

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If someone is early on rewarded for something even though he/she might do it anyways for fun/play, he/she will see it as work. He/She will stop doing it if the reward is missing

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How does Nativism differ from Empiricism?

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The opinion of a Nativist would be that humans in fact do know something from the start. The know how to learn and process their sensory information.

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What does the law of association by contiguity state?

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Contiguity is a synonym to closeness. To associate by this means that if a human has two sensations or stimuli from the outside world at the same time or close together the person will learn that the sensations occur together. E.g. Apple -> color, taste, shape

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What is shaping?

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It's the training of complex behavior by rewarding successive steps in that behavior.

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What is the typical memory span? How can you test it?

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  • 2 seconds 
  • Memory span: Span of the phonological loop of working memory (How fast can you repeat/pronounce items internally)
  • Dual-/multi-tasking does not work
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  • 8960 Karteikarten
  • 343 Studierende
  • 19 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Introduction to Psychology Kurs an der Leiden University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Who founded the first university-based psychology laboratory?

A:

Willhelm Wundt in Leipzig

Q:

What was Descartes view on the body & mind dualism?

A:

For him most of the human behaviors were cause by the body. This was a huge contrast to the church doctrine at time whose focus was on the soul, which is not examinable. Descartes though that the behavior that is only relevant to humans is though. So thought must be caused by a soul. He made the behavior "reachable" for scientist.

Q:

What is the main idea of the theory of reflexology?

A:

Every human action is merely a complex reflex triggered by a outside stimulus.

Q:

What do scientist criticize on Descartes theory?

A:

They find the interaction between an willful soul and the body not feasible. How can something immaterial have a material effect. Also they disliked the idea that the soul cannot be studied by them.

Q:

What was Hobbes view on the dualism?

A:

He was a monist. For him only matter and energy existed. A soul for him is meaningless. The body is just a very complex machine.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

How did the British empiricists and Locke see the mind?

A:

They saw the child's brain as a blank slate or a tabula rasa. A brain only learns through the influence of the environment. 

Q:

What is the main idea of the theory of localization?

A:

That you can divide the brain into certain areas with specific responsibilities in terms of behavior and mental experience. 

Q:

What is the overjustification effect?

A:

If someone is early on rewarded for something even though he/she might do it anyways for fun/play, he/she will see it as work. He/She will stop doing it if the reward is missing

Q:

How does Nativism differ from Empiricism?

A:

The opinion of a Nativist would be that humans in fact do know something from the start. The know how to learn and process their sensory information.

Q:

What does the law of association by contiguity state?

A:

Contiguity is a synonym to closeness. To associate by this means that if a human has two sensations or stimuli from the outside world at the same time or close together the person will learn that the sensations occur together. E.g. Apple -> color, taste, shape

Q:

What is shaping?

A:

It's the training of complex behavior by rewarding successive steps in that behavior.

Q:

What is the typical memory span? How can you test it?

A:
  • 2 seconds 
  • Memory span: Span of the phonological loop of working memory (How fast can you repeat/pronounce items internally)
  • Dual-/multi-tasking does not work
Introduction to Psychology

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