History Of Psychology an der Leiden University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für History of Psychology an der Leiden University

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the replication crisis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Only one in three psychological experimental studies can be replicated
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How did mechanism influence the structure of society and economy?
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  • Increase in manufacturable and trade in the cities
  • role of money and banks -> money is more efficient and can be used as a measure of value 
  • interaction between supply and demand and the use of money -> economic foundation of society
  • globalization of the economy and the flexibility of labor
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Wilhelm Wundt (1879, Leipzig)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • founded the first psychological laboratory
  • he saw psychology as a experimental science (restricted to a limited range of phenomena) -> he thought that other psychological processes are not suited for experimental studies
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Nature vs. Nurture
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  • Nature: basis of human behavior is given by hereditary factors
  • nurture:human behavior is determined by the experiences that humans have in the course of their lives (which in turn are influenced by education or the lack thereof
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Wundt-1
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  • Experimental scientist who performs psychological experiments in his laboratory (topics that are not under the influence four conscious and creative mind)
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Wundt-2
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Studies and writes about topics that involve conscious and creative mind -> topics related to language, thought, and social behavior
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Middle Ages
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Europe entered a state of degradation and stagnation  ( Greek and Roman knowledge was lost)
  • rigid devision between classes (nobility and church) -> education was confined to churches
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Aristotle
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • First psychology book
  • psychology= the word of psyche/the learning or study of psyche
  • believes that the psyche means both the power of living and the power of sensing and knowing (basis of biology and psychology)
  • everything has an essence, a place, a purpose, and strives to reach their goal
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Psychology as a science
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
It not only investigates and explains a range of phenomena (such as chemistry), but also studies and explains core questions of what is to be human -> these view constantly change
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why did Aristotles‘ ideas fitted into the teachings of the church?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Distinction between heavens and earth: the heavens move around the earth in concentric circles and they move eternally (and everything is already perfect); nothing on earth is eternal (everything emerges and decays)
  • the ‘natural place‘ to which all objects strife: objects move to arrive at its ‘natural place‘ (stones fall down etc.) -> for church: all individuals were ordained to do tasks given them at birth (the structure of society)
  • ‘unmoved mover‘ (Primum Moblie -First Mover) -> the last circle of heavens
  • Aristotle only gives a why -> natural sciences were limited, education was confined to the church
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is mechanicism (1600)?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Viewed the universe as material that is made up of matter (consists of dead objects that move under the influence of a force)
  • concerned with how the universe operates and what matter was made of
  • had a great impact on science and society 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Dutch criminologist Buikhuisen
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Presumed that criminal behavior results from biological factors
  • shows a major theme of psychology: nature vs. nurture
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  • 3227 Karteikarten
  • 130 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen History of Psychology Kurs an der Leiden University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is the replication crisis?
A:
Only one in three psychological experimental studies can be replicated
Q:
How did mechanism influence the structure of society and economy?
A:
  • Increase in manufacturable and trade in the cities
  • role of money and banks -> money is more efficient and can be used as a measure of value 
  • interaction between supply and demand and the use of money -> economic foundation of society
  • globalization of the economy and the flexibility of labor
Q:
Wilhelm Wundt (1879, Leipzig)
A:
  • founded the first psychological laboratory
  • he saw psychology as a experimental science (restricted to a limited range of phenomena) -> he thought that other psychological processes are not suited for experimental studies
Q:
Nature vs. Nurture
A:
  • Nature: basis of human behavior is given by hereditary factors
  • nurture:human behavior is determined by the experiences that humans have in the course of their lives (which in turn are influenced by education or the lack thereof
Q:
Wundt-1
A:
  • Experimental scientist who performs psychological experiments in his laboratory (topics that are not under the influence four conscious and creative mind)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Wundt-2
A:
  • Studies and writes about topics that involve conscious and creative mind -> topics related to language, thought, and social behavior
Q:
Middle Ages
A:
  • Europe entered a state of degradation and stagnation  ( Greek and Roman knowledge was lost)
  • rigid devision between classes (nobility and church) -> education was confined to churches
Q:
Aristotle
A:
  • First psychology book
  • psychology= the word of psyche/the learning or study of psyche
  • believes that the psyche means both the power of living and the power of sensing and knowing (basis of biology and psychology)
  • everything has an essence, a place, a purpose, and strives to reach their goal
Q:
Psychology as a science
A:
It not only investigates and explains a range of phenomena (such as chemistry), but also studies and explains core questions of what is to be human -> these view constantly change
Q:
Why did Aristotles‘ ideas fitted into the teachings of the church?
A:
  • Distinction between heavens and earth: the heavens move around the earth in concentric circles and they move eternally (and everything is already perfect); nothing on earth is eternal (everything emerges and decays)
  • the ‘natural place‘ to which all objects strife: objects move to arrive at its ‘natural place‘ (stones fall down etc.) -> for church: all individuals were ordained to do tasks given them at birth (the structure of society)
  • ‘unmoved mover‘ (Primum Moblie -First Mover) -> the last circle of heavens
  • Aristotle only gives a why -> natural sciences were limited, education was confined to the church
Q:
What is mechanicism (1600)?
A:
  • Viewed the universe as material that is made up of matter (consists of dead objects that move under the influence of a force)
  • concerned with how the universe operates and what matter was made of
  • had a great impact on science and society 
Q:
Dutch criminologist Buikhuisen
A:
  • Presumed that criminal behavior results from biological factors
  • shows a major theme of psychology: nature vs. nurture
History of Psychology

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