Environmental Economics an der Leibniz Universität Hannover | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Environmental Economics an der Leibniz Universität Hannover

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Types and symptoms of water scarcity (3)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • apparent: plenty of water, perceived to be scarce, used inefficiently with many losses
  • real: insufficient rain or large population depending on limited resource
  • temporary: result of seasonability and variability
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

green water scarcity - classic causes for famines (4)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • too little rain to allow plant production
  • too high evaporation, dry soils
  • problems with infiltrations
  • soils with poor water holding capacity -> percolates into the groundwater
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Grey Water

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • wastewater
  • may be poor in quality
  • usable to some purpose
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Black Water

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • heavily polluted (microbes)
  • harmful to humans and the ecosystem
  • economically unusable
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Causes of blue water scarcity (4)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • demand-driven: higher than availabilty
  • population-driven: pressure on amount
  • climate-driven: insufficient rainfall -> limited run-off
  • pollution-driven: quality degraded
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

explain the hydrosphere

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • the hydrosphere is the region containing all the water in the atmosphere and on the surface of the earth in form of solid ice, liquidity or gas
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

of which 5 party consists the hydrological cycle?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • condensation (formation of clouds)
  • precipitation (rain, snow, hail)
  • infiltration (soil moisture, groundwater recharge)
  • runoff
  • evaporation & transporation (evapo-transpiration)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

difference between evaporation and transpiration

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Transpiration is the loss of water from the plant cells. Evaporation is the loss of water from the free surface.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Blue Water (4)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • liquid water moving above and below the ground
  • includes surface water and groundwater
  • moves through the landscape
  • can be reused until it reaches the sea
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Green Water

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Soil moisture generated from rainfall that infiltrates the soil and is available for uptake by plants and evapo-transpiration
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

White Water

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • non-productive part of green water
  • evaporates directly into the atmosphere
  • includes losses from open water and soil surfaces
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What kind of items are incorporated in products? (3)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • water for trees (fruits)
  • water for feed (animals)
  • water for animal feed (dairy products)
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Q:

Types and symptoms of water scarcity (3)

A:
  • apparent: plenty of water, perceived to be scarce, used inefficiently with many losses
  • real: insufficient rain or large population depending on limited resource
  • temporary: result of seasonability and variability
Q:

green water scarcity - classic causes for famines (4)

A:
  • too little rain to allow plant production
  • too high evaporation, dry soils
  • problems with infiltrations
  • soils with poor water holding capacity -> percolates into the groundwater
Q:

Grey Water

A:
  • wastewater
  • may be poor in quality
  • usable to some purpose
Q:

Black Water

A:
  • heavily polluted (microbes)
  • harmful to humans and the ecosystem
  • economically unusable
Q:

Causes of blue water scarcity (4)

A:
  • demand-driven: higher than availabilty
  • population-driven: pressure on amount
  • climate-driven: insufficient rainfall -> limited run-off
  • pollution-driven: quality degraded
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

explain the hydrosphere

A:
  • the hydrosphere is the region containing all the water in the atmosphere and on the surface of the earth in form of solid ice, liquidity or gas
Q:

of which 5 party consists the hydrological cycle?

A:
  • condensation (formation of clouds)
  • precipitation (rain, snow, hail)
  • infiltration (soil moisture, groundwater recharge)
  • runoff
  • evaporation & transporation (evapo-transpiration)
Q:

difference between evaporation and transpiration

A:
  • Transpiration is the loss of water from the plant cells. Evaporation is the loss of water from the free surface.
Q:

Blue Water (4)

A:
  • liquid water moving above and below the ground
  • includes surface water and groundwater
  • moves through the landscape
  • can be reused until it reaches the sea
Q:

Green Water

A:
  • Soil moisture generated from rainfall that infiltrates the soil and is available for uptake by plants and evapo-transpiration
Q:

White Water

A:
  • non-productive part of green water
  • evaporates directly into the atmosphere
  • includes losses from open water and soil surfaces
Q:

What kind of items are incorporated in products? (3)

A:
  • water for trees (fruits)
  • water for feed (animals)
  • water for animal feed (dairy products)
Environmental Economics

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