Grammar And Vocabulary Glossary an der Katholische Universität Eichstätt - Ingolstadt | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

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abstract noun

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A noun which refers to an idea, quality, or state (e.g. warmth, liberty, happiness), rather than a physical thing that can be seen or touched. 

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concrete noun

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A noun which refers to a physical person or thing that can be seen, felt, heard, etc. For example, child, horse, and house are all concrete nouns. 

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common noun

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Any noun which refers to a person, animal, or thing in general: woman, dog, and bed are all common nouns. 

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collective noun

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A noun which refers to a group of people or things, e.g. team, family, police, committee

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auxiliary verb

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Auxiliary verbs are used to form tenses or passive forms of other verbs. The main ones are be, do, and have.

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mass noun

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A noun that refers to something that can’t be counted, and which does not regularly have a plural form, for example rain, darkness, happiness, or humour. Also called uncountable noun. The opposite of countable noun.

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verbal noun

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The present participle of a verb when it’s used as a noun (e.g. 'smoking' in smoking is strictly forbidden). Also called gerund.

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active

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An active verb has a subject which is performing the action of the verb, for example:

John ate the apple.

The opposite of passive. 

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verb

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A word that describes what a person or thing does, or what happens, for example run, sing, grow, occur, seem.

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agent

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The person or thing in a passive sentence that does or causes something (e.g. she was asked to leave).

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proper noun

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A noun that identifies a particular person or thing (e.g. John, Italy, London, Monday, Windsor Castle). In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.

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countable noun

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Also called count noun. A noun that refers to something that can be counted and has both singular and plural forms, such as cat/cats, woman/women, family/families. The opposite of uncountable noun. 

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Q:

abstract noun

A:

A noun which refers to an idea, quality, or state (e.g. warmth, liberty, happiness), rather than a physical thing that can be seen or touched. 

Q:

concrete noun

A:

A noun which refers to a physical person or thing that can be seen, felt, heard, etc. For example, child, horse, and house are all concrete nouns. 

Q:

common noun

A:

Any noun which refers to a person, animal, or thing in general: woman, dog, and bed are all common nouns. 

Q:

collective noun

A:

A noun which refers to a group of people or things, e.g. team, family, police, committee

Q:

auxiliary verb

A:

Auxiliary verbs are used to form tenses or passive forms of other verbs. The main ones are be, do, and have.

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Q:

mass noun

A:

A noun that refers to something that can’t be counted, and which does not regularly have a plural form, for example rain, darkness, happiness, or humour. Also called uncountable noun. The opposite of countable noun.

Q:

verbal noun

A:

The present participle of a verb when it’s used as a noun (e.g. 'smoking' in smoking is strictly forbidden). Also called gerund.

Q:

active

A:

An active verb has a subject which is performing the action of the verb, for example:

John ate the apple.

The opposite of passive. 

Q:

verb

A:

A word that describes what a person or thing does, or what happens, for example run, sing, grow, occur, seem.

Q:

agent

A:

The person or thing in a passive sentence that does or causes something (e.g. she was asked to leave).

Q:

proper noun

A:

A noun that identifies a particular person or thing (e.g. John, Italy, London, Monday, Windsor Castle). In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.

Q:

countable noun

A:

Also called count noun. A noun that refers to something that can be counted and has both singular and plural forms, such as cat/cats, woman/women, family/families. The opposite of uncountable noun. 

Grammar and Vocabulary Glossary

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