GLOBL SUPPLY CHAIN an der Katholieke Universiteit Leuven | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Wht are the drivers of the push and pull strategy?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Push - Supply (forecast) driven 

upfront production 


Pull - Demand driven

reactive production


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

During the past years, an electrical bike as moved from:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

MTO to MTS

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

For a demand driver supply chain, the push-pull barrier is placed at least at…?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The manufacturer

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When do you decide which one is best in regards to ATO, MTO and MTS?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

look at demand, how sure you are about the demand. Whenever the demand is low, i can forcast very well as i know what the customer wants so therefore i can have saftety stock. - MTS. Will get mass production.


When the demand is higher, you dont know exactly what the customer will order. You have all the ingrediants in stock, so wait till you get an order then assemble them together. Demand high, volume lower - MTO




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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain MTS, MTO and ATO

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

MTS: Match production and inventory with consumer demand forecasts eg. Ikea. More push than pull because the item is produced to be in stock for the retailer.


MTO: Starts only after a customer order is received eg. airplanes. More pull than push. Raw materials you conclude, the manufacture does not know how to produce it based off how you ordered there. Only start a production when there is an order for you. 


ATO: Production is built based on customers specifications from a stock of existing subcomponents. eg. car, you can decide what system you want, seats etc. This influences the decision/make of the car in the later stage. There is a little bit of push and pull. The car is assembled based off your choice.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Give an example of  company that is vertically integrated and demand driven supply chain...

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ZARA. 

- In-store feedback that is sent to Spain.  

- According to data they analyse and see what they can sell better and more. - 40% - vertical integration 

- And operational integration 

- If they cannot sell, they recycle and make the new batch and new style of clothing

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which of the following supply chain actions is likely to reduce the Bullwhip effect?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

D. Moving the push-pull boundary further from the end customer 


D: if you are moving. The moment you decide to push-pull upwards the further you push it further  it goes. Acting on what exactly customers order and there is no bullwhip effect It’s the forecast.  Acting on the forecasts forecast.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How does Zara have different supply chain strategies for different needs?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Bigger batch production is 20% and is made in the Asian market. 5Low QR, and Low Cost). 


Small batch production is made: 


40% in house (high QR, high cost) 

40% in Africa/Europe (high QR, high cost)


DC is in Spain

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is reverse logistics?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

 is complete supply chain dedicated to the reverse flow of products and  materials for the purpose of returns, repair, remanufacture, and/or recycling. In this flow,  products/services flow back into chain, starting at the end customer. This is one of today’s huge  challenges! 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is circular logistics?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

minimize new resources – let’s not throw away and use used product/components  to make a new one/rebuild

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

WHat are the motivation factors for reverse logistics?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1. Savings in the aftermarket 

2. Competitive edge

3. Consumer and shareholder pressure 

4. Growing market for environmentally friendly products

5. Environmental awareness and regulations

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Keiretsu?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Vertical and horizontal integration can fail, therefore the hybrid integration….


referring to a business network made up of different companies, including manufacturers, supply chain partners, distributors, and occasionally financers. They work together, have close relationships and sometimes take small equity stakes in each other, all the while remaining operationally independent. Translated literally, keiretsu means “headless combine."

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Q:

Wht are the drivers of the push and pull strategy?

A:

Push - Supply (forecast) driven 

upfront production 


Pull - Demand driven

reactive production


Q:

During the past years, an electrical bike as moved from:

A:

MTO to MTS

Q:

For a demand driver supply chain, the push-pull barrier is placed at least at…?

A:

The manufacturer

Q:

When do you decide which one is best in regards to ATO, MTO and MTS?

A:

look at demand, how sure you are about the demand. Whenever the demand is low, i can forcast very well as i know what the customer wants so therefore i can have saftety stock. - MTS. Will get mass production.


When the demand is higher, you dont know exactly what the customer will order. You have all the ingrediants in stock, so wait till you get an order then assemble them together. Demand high, volume lower - MTO




Q:

Explain MTS, MTO and ATO

A:

MTS: Match production and inventory with consumer demand forecasts eg. Ikea. More push than pull because the item is produced to be in stock for the retailer.


MTO: Starts only after a customer order is received eg. airplanes. More pull than push. Raw materials you conclude, the manufacture does not know how to produce it based off how you ordered there. Only start a production when there is an order for you. 


ATO: Production is built based on customers specifications from a stock of existing subcomponents. eg. car, you can decide what system you want, seats etc. This influences the decision/make of the car in the later stage. There is a little bit of push and pull. The car is assembled based off your choice.

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Q:

Give an example of  company that is vertically integrated and demand driven supply chain...

A:

ZARA. 

- In-store feedback that is sent to Spain.  

- According to data they analyse and see what they can sell better and more. - 40% - vertical integration 

- And operational integration 

- If they cannot sell, they recycle and make the new batch and new style of clothing

Q:

Which of the following supply chain actions is likely to reduce the Bullwhip effect?

A:

D. Moving the push-pull boundary further from the end customer 


D: if you are moving. The moment you decide to push-pull upwards the further you push it further  it goes. Acting on what exactly customers order and there is no bullwhip effect It’s the forecast.  Acting on the forecasts forecast.

Q:

How does Zara have different supply chain strategies for different needs?

A:

Bigger batch production is 20% and is made in the Asian market. 5Low QR, and Low Cost). 


Small batch production is made: 


40% in house (high QR, high cost) 

40% in Africa/Europe (high QR, high cost)


DC is in Spain

Q:

What is reverse logistics?

A:

 is complete supply chain dedicated to the reverse flow of products and  materials for the purpose of returns, repair, remanufacture, and/or recycling. In this flow,  products/services flow back into chain, starting at the end customer. This is one of today’s huge  challenges! 

Q:

What is circular logistics?

A:

minimize new resources – let’s not throw away and use used product/components  to make a new one/rebuild

Q:

WHat are the motivation factors for reverse logistics?

A:

1. Savings in the aftermarket 

2. Competitive edge

3. Consumer and shareholder pressure 

4. Growing market for environmentally friendly products

5. Environmental awareness and regulations

Q:

What is Keiretsu?

A:

Vertical and horizontal integration can fail, therefore the hybrid integration….


referring to a business network made up of different companies, including manufacturers, supply chain partners, distributors, and occasionally financers. They work together, have close relationships and sometimes take small equity stakes in each other, all the while remaining operationally independent. Translated literally, keiretsu means “headless combine."

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