Linguistics an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für linguistics an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

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Definition Phonology
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Study of how particular languages use sounds

interested in the smalles meaning-distinguishing unit, a phoneme
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Definition complementary distribution
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Predictability of the usage of an allophone in a specific environment
allophones in complementary distribution ususally never occur in the same environment/ one allophone can never be replaced by a different one -> contextual variants

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Definition inflectional morphemes
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Bound morphemes that are exclusively used to encode grammatical information 
most important function is to establish agreement between syntactically closely related units with regard to their grammatical categories
ex. Alice live_ in London and ha_ live_ there all _ life.
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Definition morphophonemics
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Interface between morphology and phonology
concerned with the systematic phonological realizations of morphemes and how they depend on their respective environments
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Definition Syntax
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The field which concentrates on the grammatical structure of words/ the combination of smaller units into well-formed words
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How & where do allophones occur?
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complementary distribution mostly
Free variation sometimes (no rule-based prediction possible)
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Definition Phone
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Sound
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Explain partial conversion/ zero derivation
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Change in sound of an existing lexeme leads to a new lexeme
ex. Belief vs to believe, subject vs to subject
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Definition minimal pair
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Pairs of meaning-carrying units, which differ in exactly one sound (think vs sink)
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Prosody: Define word stress
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No general rules on which syllable is assigned stress due to
- mixed vocab (german, french etc)
- stress is phonemic (meaning-distinguishing): OBject vs obJECT
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Defintition Phoneme
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Smallest meaning-distinguishing unit
abstract
realized as phones
Ex. think vs sink
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Pronouns
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Take the places of nouns
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  • 99114 Karteikarten
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  • 37 Lernmaterialien

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Q:
Definition Phonology
A:
Study of how particular languages use sounds

interested in the smalles meaning-distinguishing unit, a phoneme
Q:
Definition complementary distribution
A:
Predictability of the usage of an allophone in a specific environment
allophones in complementary distribution ususally never occur in the same environment/ one allophone can never be replaced by a different one -> contextual variants

Q:
Definition inflectional morphemes
A:
Bound morphemes that are exclusively used to encode grammatical information 
most important function is to establish agreement between syntactically closely related units with regard to their grammatical categories
ex. Alice live_ in London and ha_ live_ there all _ life.
Q:
Definition morphophonemics
A:
Interface between morphology and phonology
concerned with the systematic phonological realizations of morphemes and how they depend on their respective environments
Q:
Definition Syntax
A:
The field which concentrates on the grammatical structure of words/ the combination of smaller units into well-formed words
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Q:
How & where do allophones occur?
A:
complementary distribution mostly
Free variation sometimes (no rule-based prediction possible)
Q:
Definition Phone
A:
Sound
Q:
Explain partial conversion/ zero derivation
A:
Change in sound of an existing lexeme leads to a new lexeme
ex. Belief vs to believe, subject vs to subject
Q:
Definition minimal pair
A:
Pairs of meaning-carrying units, which differ in exactly one sound (think vs sink)
Q:
Prosody: Define word stress
A:
No general rules on which syllable is assigned stress due to
- mixed vocab (german, french etc)
- stress is phonemic (meaning-distinguishing): OBject vs obJECT
Q:
Defintition Phoneme
A:
Smallest meaning-distinguishing unit
abstract
realized as phones
Ex. think vs sink
Q:
Pronouns
A:
Take the places of nouns
linguistics

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