English Literary Studies an der Freie Universität Berlin | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für English Literary Studies an der Freie Universität Berlin

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What does deixis mean?

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situational markers of speech

  • personal deixis
  • local deixic
  • temporal deixis
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How do we identify the speaker(s) of a poem?

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  • personal pronouns
  • verbs of perception
  • verbs indicating emotional/ intellectual processes
  • judgements/ evaluations
  • unusual metaphors
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How do we analyse the semantics (isotopies) of a poem?

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  • structuring poem's subject into separate parts

-> text's determining isotopies

semes: semantic fields (love, hate, life, death...)

isotopy: recurrence of basic semes

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What is a stanza?

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grouping of the verse lines in a poem

marked by:

- spaces in text

- recurrent pattern of rhyme

- uniform number and lenght of lines

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Name three common rhyme patterns.

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Couplet two linked lines (aa)

Tercet three linked lines (aba, cdd)

Quatrain four linked lines (abba, cdcd)

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What are the features of a perfect/ full rhyme?

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  • stressed vowels have the same sound

cloud - crowd

  • sounds following those vowels are the same

cloud - crowd

  • consonants preceding the vowels are different

cloud - crowd

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Name some imperfect rhymes.

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1. slant rhyme 

soul - soil (only final consonent sounds same)

2. near rhyme

fine - rhyme (only final vowel sounds same)

3. eye rhyme

enough - cough (words spelled as if rhymed)

4. rich rhyme

lap - clap (consonant before vowel identical)

5. identical rhyme

clap - clap (same words)

6. homonym

ball - ball (words look and/or sound the same but have different meanings)

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There are end rhymes and...?

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internal rhymes

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How are rhymes called that have a specific amount of syllables?

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  • single rhyme - stressed
  • double rhyme - unstressed
  • polysyllabic rhyme - unstressed
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are three common rhyming patterns?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Couplets aabb

Alternate rhyme abab

Embracing rhyme abba


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is rhythm?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

repeated pattern of sounds (of stressed and unstressed syllables)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is poetry?

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language cast in verse

+ some frequent additional features

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Q:

What does deixis mean?

A:

situational markers of speech

  • personal deixis
  • local deixic
  • temporal deixis
Q:

How do we identify the speaker(s) of a poem?

A:
  • personal pronouns
  • verbs of perception
  • verbs indicating emotional/ intellectual processes
  • judgements/ evaluations
  • unusual metaphors
Q:

How do we analyse the semantics (isotopies) of a poem?

A:
  • structuring poem's subject into separate parts

-> text's determining isotopies

semes: semantic fields (love, hate, life, death...)

isotopy: recurrence of basic semes

Q:

What is a stanza?

A:

grouping of the verse lines in a poem

marked by:

- spaces in text

- recurrent pattern of rhyme

- uniform number and lenght of lines

Q:

Name three common rhyme patterns.

A:

Couplet two linked lines (aa)

Tercet three linked lines (aba, cdd)

Quatrain four linked lines (abba, cdcd)

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are the features of a perfect/ full rhyme?

A:
  • stressed vowels have the same sound

cloud - crowd

  • sounds following those vowels are the same

cloud - crowd

  • consonants preceding the vowels are different

cloud - crowd

Q:

Name some imperfect rhymes.

A:

1. slant rhyme 

soul - soil (only final consonent sounds same)

2. near rhyme

fine - rhyme (only final vowel sounds same)

3. eye rhyme

enough - cough (words spelled as if rhymed)

4. rich rhyme

lap - clap (consonant before vowel identical)

5. identical rhyme

clap - clap (same words)

6. homonym

ball - ball (words look and/or sound the same but have different meanings)

Q:

There are end rhymes and...?

A:

internal rhymes

Q:

How are rhymes called that have a specific amount of syllables?

A:
  • single rhyme - stressed
  • double rhyme - unstressed
  • polysyllabic rhyme - unstressed
Q:

What are three common rhyming patterns?

A:

Couplets aabb

Alternate rhyme abab

Embracing rhyme abba


Q:

What is rhythm?

A:

repeated pattern of sounds (of stressed and unstressed syllables)

Q:

What is poetry?

A:

language cast in verse

+ some frequent additional features

English Literary Studies

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