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Lernmaterialien für B. Ethics an der Fachhochschule Aachen

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen B. Ethics Kurs an der Fachhochschule Aachen zu.

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Types of Ethical Issues

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Systemic

Corporate

Individual

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Ethics

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principles of conduct governing an individual or a group

study of morality

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Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development

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First Level: Pre-conventional Stages

Second Level: Conventional Stages

Third Level: Post-conventional Stages

--> Many people remain stuck at an early stage of moral development

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Analysing moral reasoning

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1. Moral reasoning must be logical

2. Factual evidence must be accurate, relevant and complete

3. Moral standard must be consistent

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Systemic

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ethical questions about social, political, legal or economic system within which companies operate

about the whole society by the government

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Morality


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rules of human behavior

specifies that certain actions are wrong or immoral

Moral Standards: Norms about the kinds of actions that are morally right and wrong

values placed on what is morally good or bad

Non-Moral Standards: we judge what is good or bad

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Corporate

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Ethical questions about a particular corporation and its policies, culture, climate, impact or actions

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Ethical Reasoning

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intellectual procedure for justifying ethical judgments

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Conventional Stages

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Stage One: interpersonal concordance orientation:

Good behavior living to the expectations of those for whom one feels loyalty, affection, and trust, such as family and friends (be good in order to be seen good by others/ good person)

Stage Two: law and order orientation / maintaining the social order:

Right and wrong determined by loyalty to one's own larger nation or surrounding society (law)

--> Maintaining  expectations of one's own family, peer group, or nation: as valuable in its own right, regardless of the consequences

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Individual

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Ethical questions about a particular individual´s decisions, behavior or character

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Moral Reasoning

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reasoning process by which human behaviors, institutions, or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards

Moral Standards: by which the situation is to be evaluated

Factual Information: On the policy, the institution or behavior under consideration

Moral judgment: On the rightness or wrongness of the action, policy, or behavior

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Post-conventional Stages

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Stage One: social contract orientation:

becomes aware that people hold a variety of conflicting personal views and opinions and emphasizes fair ways of reaching consensus by agreement, contract, and due process

Stage Two: universal principles orientation:

right action comes to be defined in terms of moral principles chosen because of their logical comprehensiveness, universality, and consistency (not a whole lot of people reach that stage)

--> person no longer simply accepts the values and norms of the groups to which he or she belongs, reflects

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  • 80803 Karteikarten
  • 2041 Studierende
  • 89 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen B. Ethics Kurs an der Fachhochschule Aachen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Types of Ethical Issues

A:

Systemic

Corporate

Individual

Q:

Ethics

A:

principles of conduct governing an individual or a group

study of morality

Q:

Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development

A:

First Level: Pre-conventional Stages

Second Level: Conventional Stages

Third Level: Post-conventional Stages

--> Many people remain stuck at an early stage of moral development

Q:

Analysing moral reasoning

A:

1. Moral reasoning must be logical

2. Factual evidence must be accurate, relevant and complete

3. Moral standard must be consistent

Q:

Systemic

A:

ethical questions about social, political, legal or economic system within which companies operate

about the whole society by the government

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Morality


A:

rules of human behavior

specifies that certain actions are wrong or immoral

Moral Standards: Norms about the kinds of actions that are morally right and wrong

values placed on what is morally good or bad

Non-Moral Standards: we judge what is good or bad

Q:

Corporate

A:

Ethical questions about a particular corporation and its policies, culture, climate, impact or actions

Q:

Ethical Reasoning

A:

intellectual procedure for justifying ethical judgments

Q:

Conventional Stages

A:

Stage One: interpersonal concordance orientation:

Good behavior living to the expectations of those for whom one feels loyalty, affection, and trust, such as family and friends (be good in order to be seen good by others/ good person)

Stage Two: law and order orientation / maintaining the social order:

Right and wrong determined by loyalty to one's own larger nation or surrounding society (law)

--> Maintaining  expectations of one's own family, peer group, or nation: as valuable in its own right, regardless of the consequences

Q:

Individual

A:

Ethical questions about a particular individual´s decisions, behavior or character

Q:

Moral Reasoning

A:

reasoning process by which human behaviors, institutions, or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards

Moral Standards: by which the situation is to be evaluated

Factual Information: On the policy, the institution or behavior under consideration

Moral judgment: On the rightness or wrongness of the action, policy, or behavior

Q:

Post-conventional Stages

A:

Stage One: social contract orientation:

becomes aware that people hold a variety of conflicting personal views and opinions and emphasizes fair ways of reaching consensus by agreement, contract, and due process

Stage Two: universal principles orientation:

right action comes to be defined in terms of moral principles chosen because of their logical comprehensiveness, universality, and consistency (not a whole lot of people reach that stage)

--> person no longer simply accepts the values and norms of the groups to which he or she belongs, reflects

B. Ethics

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