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Lernmaterialien für Verkehrsplanung an der ETHZ - ETH Zurich

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was a milestone (1815-1835) in the american transportation system?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The construction of the erie canal --> linked great lakes to the hudson river, contributed prosperity to the upper tier in New York states 

The canals built after the great success of the erie canal turned out to be unprofitable due to new technology

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was a milestone (1825) in the american transportation system?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

locomotive steam engine invented in england 1814 --> steam train caught on quickly in america, for example alongside the erie canal (1827). In the 1850 the erie canal has totally been replaced. 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was a milestone (1849 to 1860) in the american transportation system?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The Pony Express “Fast” Mail Service to the West (St. Joseph(MO) to Sacramento (CA)) 🡪2000 miles – 7 days


The Transcontinental Railroad

Planning started in 1838

Construction in 1863-1869

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was a milestone (1950) in the american transportation system?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The peak in rail transportation was in the 1940s. In the 1950s and 60s rail travel decreased due to the upcoming automobile and airtravel. 

Since the 1990s it is possible to see a increase in railtravel again, especially for city travel, for commuting and for longer distance travel. Shipping freight by rail is also less expensive.


In America, this was the era of two massive federal program that totally transformed cities: freeway building and urban renewal

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

List 6 important principles that Zurich is based on

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1) Give priority in law and policy to buses and trams

2) Create exclusive transit lanes and traffic signal priority

3) Increase frequency of transit service

4) Expand the transit system

5) Improve interchanges between lines

6) Improve the stop areas

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the aspects of transportation infrastructure

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

includes physical aspects of the system, such as:

-travel way

-terminus

-ticket purchasing systems

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the aspects of transportation policy 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- governance (who builds, who owns, who maintains),

- taxes and incentives that determine the relative cost of different types of travel

- land-use zoning regulations

- design regulations

- the approach to planning

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

List  specific examples of how transportation policies might affect peoples use of transportation.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- cost of public transport 

- infrastructure of public highways 

- walkability of cities

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

List typical modes of intercity transportation

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

= trips from about 50 miles to thousands of miles

- Automobile

- Bus

- Rail

- Air

- Waterborne vessels

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

List the factors that influence the choice of intercity mode

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Cost to build and operate

- Cost to user (out-of-pocket and overall)

- Door-to-door travel time (access, waiting and invehicle time)

- Convenience/service/comfort

- Safety

- Energy use

- Environmental factors (noise, air and water pollution)

- Compatibility with surrounding land use (parking demand, nuisance, space needed)

- Who pays for what (level of Government support)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why is in Europe/(Asia) a higher train use than in USA (USA higher car use for intercity travel)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- More compact, more walkable cities

- Better public transit in cities

- Fewer and more expensive parking spaces

- Fewer highways penetrating the cities

- High fuel taxes

- Government support for rail (more comfortable, more reliable, more frequent trains)

- Integration of the different modes (including rail and air)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was a milestone in the early 1800 in the american transportation system?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The steamboat --> two way transportation on rivers

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Q:

What was a milestone (1815-1835) in the american transportation system?

A:

The construction of the erie canal --> linked great lakes to the hudson river, contributed prosperity to the upper tier in New York states 

The canals built after the great success of the erie canal turned out to be unprofitable due to new technology

Q:

What was a milestone (1825) in the american transportation system?

A:

locomotive steam engine invented in england 1814 --> steam train caught on quickly in america, for example alongside the erie canal (1827). In the 1850 the erie canal has totally been replaced. 

Q:

What was a milestone (1849 to 1860) in the american transportation system?


A:

The Pony Express “Fast” Mail Service to the West (St. Joseph(MO) to Sacramento (CA)) 🡪2000 miles – 7 days


The Transcontinental Railroad

Planning started in 1838

Construction in 1863-1869

Q:

What was a milestone (1950) in the american transportation system?


A:

The peak in rail transportation was in the 1940s. In the 1950s and 60s rail travel decreased due to the upcoming automobile and airtravel. 

Since the 1990s it is possible to see a increase in railtravel again, especially for city travel, for commuting and for longer distance travel. Shipping freight by rail is also less expensive.


In America, this was the era of two massive federal program that totally transformed cities: freeway building and urban renewal

Q:

List 6 important principles that Zurich is based on

A:

1) Give priority in law and policy to buses and trams

2) Create exclusive transit lanes and traffic signal priority

3) Increase frequency of transit service

4) Expand the transit system

5) Improve interchanges between lines

6) Improve the stop areas

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Describe the aspects of transportation infrastructure

A:

includes physical aspects of the system, such as:

-travel way

-terminus

-ticket purchasing systems

Q:

Describe the aspects of transportation policy 

A:

- governance (who builds, who owns, who maintains),

- taxes and incentives that determine the relative cost of different types of travel

- land-use zoning regulations

- design regulations

- the approach to planning

Q:

List  specific examples of how transportation policies might affect peoples use of transportation.

A:

- cost of public transport 

- infrastructure of public highways 

- walkability of cities

Q:

List typical modes of intercity transportation

A:

= trips from about 50 miles to thousands of miles

- Automobile

- Bus

- Rail

- Air

- Waterborne vessels

Q:

List the factors that influence the choice of intercity mode

A:

- Cost to build and operate

- Cost to user (out-of-pocket and overall)

- Door-to-door travel time (access, waiting and invehicle time)

- Convenience/service/comfort

- Safety

- Energy use

- Environmental factors (noise, air and water pollution)

- Compatibility with surrounding land use (parking demand, nuisance, space needed)

- Who pays for what (level of Government support)

Q:

Why is in Europe/(Asia) a higher train use than in USA (USA higher car use for intercity travel)

A:

- More compact, more walkable cities

- Better public transit in cities

- Fewer and more expensive parking spaces

- Fewer highways penetrating the cities

- High fuel taxes

- Government support for rail (more comfortable, more reliable, more frequent trains)

- Integration of the different modes (including rail and air)

Q:

What was a milestone in the early 1800 in the american transportation system?

A:

The steamboat --> two way transportation on rivers

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