EE - Parasitology an der Centro Escolar University | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

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An immunosuppressed man has several episodes of pneumonia, intestinal pain, sepsis with gram-negative rods, and a history of military service in Southeast Asia 20 years earlier. The most likely cause is infection with:
A. Trypanosoma cruzi
B. Strongyloides stercoralis
C. Naegleria fowleri
D. Paragonimus westermani

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

B. Strongyloides stercoralis

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Microsporidial infections can be confirmed using:
A. Light microscopy and modified trichrome stains
B. Phase contrast microscopy and routine trichrome
stains
C. Electron microscopy and modified acid-fast
stains
D. Fluorescence microscopy and hematoxylin stains

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

A. Light microscopy and modified trichrome stains

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Humans can serve as both the intermediate and
definitive host in infections caused by:
A. Enterobius vermicularis
B. Hymenolepis nana
C. Schistosoma japonicum
D. Ascaris lumbricoides

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B. Hymenolepis nana

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Fecal immunoassays have become more commonly
used to diagnose infections with:
A. Endolimax nana and Blastocystis hominis
B. Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp.
C. Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura
D. Strongyloides stercoralis and Trichomonas vaginalis

ic

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B. Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp.

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In an outbreak of diarrheal disease traced to a municipal water supply, the most likely causative
agent is:
A. Cryptosporidium spp.
B. Cystoisospora belli
C. Entamoeba histolytica
D. Dientamoeba fragilis

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A. Cryptosporidium spp.

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The most prevalent helminth to infect humans is:
A. Enterobius vermicularis, the pinworm
B. Ascaris lumbricoides, the large intestinal
roundworm
C. Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm
D. Schistosoma mansoni, one of the blood flukes

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A. Enterobius vermicularis, the pinworm

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Characteristics of the rhabditiform (noninfective)
larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis include a:
A. Short buccal capsule and large genital
primordium
B. Long buccal capsule and pointed tail
C. Short buccal capsule and small genital
primordium
D. Small genital primordium and notch in tail

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A. Short buccal capsule and large genital primordium

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Visceral larva migrans is associated with which of the following organisms?
A. Toxocara—serology
B. Onchocerca—skin snips
C. Dracunculus—skin biopsy
D. Angiostrongylus—CSF examination

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A. Toxocara - serology

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Which microfilariae are usually not found
circulating in the peripheral blood?
A. Brugia malayi
B. Wuchereria bancrofti
C. Onchocerca volvulus
D. Loa loa

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C. Onchocerca volvulus

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Massive hemolysis, blackwater fever, and
central nervous system involvement are most
common with:
A. Plasmodium vivax
B. Plasmodium falciparum
C. Plasmodium ovale
D. Plasmodium malariae

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​B. Plasmodium falciparum

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Patients with severe diarrhea should use “enteric precautions” to prevent nosocomial
infections with:
A. Giardia lamblia
B. Ascaris lumbricoides
C. Cryptosporidium spp.
D. Cystoisospora belli

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C. Cruptosporidum spp.

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Which specimen is the least likely to provide
recovery of Trichomonas vaginalis?
A. Urine
B. Urethral discharge
C. Vaginal discharge
D. Feces

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D. Feces

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Q:

An immunosuppressed man has several episodes of pneumonia, intestinal pain, sepsis with gram-negative rods, and a history of military service in Southeast Asia 20 years earlier. The most likely cause is infection with:
A. Trypanosoma cruzi
B. Strongyloides stercoralis
C. Naegleria fowleri
D. Paragonimus westermani

A:

B. Strongyloides stercoralis

Q:

Microsporidial infections can be confirmed using:
A. Light microscopy and modified trichrome stains
B. Phase contrast microscopy and routine trichrome
stains
C. Electron microscopy and modified acid-fast
stains
D. Fluorescence microscopy and hematoxylin stains

A:

A. Light microscopy and modified trichrome stains

Q:

Humans can serve as both the intermediate and
definitive host in infections caused by:
A. Enterobius vermicularis
B. Hymenolepis nana
C. Schistosoma japonicum
D. Ascaris lumbricoides

A:

B. Hymenolepis nana

Q:

Fecal immunoassays have become more commonly
used to diagnose infections with:
A. Endolimax nana and Blastocystis hominis
B. Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp.
C. Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura
D. Strongyloides stercoralis and Trichomonas vaginalis

ic

A:

B. Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp.

Q:

In an outbreak of diarrheal disease traced to a municipal water supply, the most likely causative
agent is:
A. Cryptosporidium spp.
B. Cystoisospora belli
C. Entamoeba histolytica
D. Dientamoeba fragilis

A:

A. Cryptosporidium spp.

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Q:

The most prevalent helminth to infect humans is:
A. Enterobius vermicularis, the pinworm
B. Ascaris lumbricoides, the large intestinal
roundworm
C. Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm
D. Schistosoma mansoni, one of the blood flukes

A:

A. Enterobius vermicularis, the pinworm

Q:

Characteristics of the rhabditiform (noninfective)
larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis include a:
A. Short buccal capsule and large genital
primordium
B. Long buccal capsule and pointed tail
C. Short buccal capsule and small genital
primordium
D. Small genital primordium and notch in tail

A:

A. Short buccal capsule and large genital primordium

Q:

Visceral larva migrans is associated with which of the following organisms?
A. Toxocara—serology
B. Onchocerca—skin snips
C. Dracunculus—skin biopsy
D. Angiostrongylus—CSF examination

A:

A. Toxocara - serology

Q:

Which microfilariae are usually not found
circulating in the peripheral blood?
A. Brugia malayi
B. Wuchereria bancrofti
C. Onchocerca volvulus
D. Loa loa

A:

C. Onchocerca volvulus

Q:

Massive hemolysis, blackwater fever, and
central nervous system involvement are most
common with:
A. Plasmodium vivax
B. Plasmodium falciparum
C. Plasmodium ovale
D. Plasmodium malariae

A:

​B. Plasmodium falciparum

Q:

Patients with severe diarrhea should use “enteric precautions” to prevent nosocomial
infections with:
A. Giardia lamblia
B. Ascaris lumbricoides
C. Cryptosporidium spp.
D. Cystoisospora belli

A:

C. Cruptosporidum spp.

Q:

Which specimen is the least likely to provide
recovery of Trichomonas vaginalis?
A. Urine
B. Urethral discharge
C. Vaginal discharge
D. Feces

A:

D. Feces

EE - Parasitology

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