Linguistics an der Bergische Universität Wuppertal | Karteikarten & Zusammenfassungen

Lernmaterialien für Linguistics an der Bergische Universität Wuppertal

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synchronic [synchrony]

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investigating language at a specific point in time

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onomatopoeia [onomatopoetic]

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"Lautmalerei": seems to have a natural connection but still conventional

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pragmatics

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study of language in use

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The Three Circles of English [Kachru]

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1. The 'Inner' Circle: English is the mother tongue of almost all or at least a significant majority of the population

Norm-providing = this circle provides the norms of English which are used for teaching the language in other countries [ UK, USA]

2. The 'Outer' Circle: English exists alongside indigenous languages, is widely spoken, has official functions as the language of politics, media, jurisdiction, higher education etc.

Norm-developing [India, Singapore]

3. The 'Expanding' Circle: English is mainly acquired through formal education, has no official functions, however widely used in some domains like business, science, technology

Norm-dependent [Russia, Germany, China]

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lemma

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- can be found in dictionaries [entry / individual listing]

- 'basic' form of a word with no specific grammatical information

[pl - lemmata]

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lexeme

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- theoretical constructs on the level of the language system (langue) and therefore units abstracted from actual use

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lexical words

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= content words

- main carrieres of meaning in a text

- can be heads of phrase 

- members of open classes

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functional words

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- provide 'mortar' of sentences

- indicate relationship between content words or larger units

- indicate the way in which these units are to be interpreted

- members of closed classes

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recursivity

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- structure, such as a phrase or a clause, may form a part of a larger structure of the same kind, allowing for potentially infinite variety of constructions

[- a phrase in a phrase in a phrase...]

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homophones

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words that are pronounced the same

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homographs

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words that are spelt the same

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heteronyms

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words that are spelt the same but NOT pronounced the same 

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  • 194398 Karteikarten
  • 2021 Studierende
  • 114 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Linguistics Kurs an der Bergische Universität Wuppertal - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

synchronic [synchrony]

A:

investigating language at a specific point in time

Q:

onomatopoeia [onomatopoetic]

A:

"Lautmalerei": seems to have a natural connection but still conventional

Q:

pragmatics

A:

study of language in use

Q:

The Three Circles of English [Kachru]

A:

1. The 'Inner' Circle: English is the mother tongue of almost all or at least a significant majority of the population

Norm-providing = this circle provides the norms of English which are used for teaching the language in other countries [ UK, USA]

2. The 'Outer' Circle: English exists alongside indigenous languages, is widely spoken, has official functions as the language of politics, media, jurisdiction, higher education etc.

Norm-developing [India, Singapore]

3. The 'Expanding' Circle: English is mainly acquired through formal education, has no official functions, however widely used in some domains like business, science, technology

Norm-dependent [Russia, Germany, China]

Q:

lemma

A:

- can be found in dictionaries [entry / individual listing]

- 'basic' form of a word with no specific grammatical information

[pl - lemmata]

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

lexeme

A:

- theoretical constructs on the level of the language system (langue) and therefore units abstracted from actual use

Q:

lexical words

A:

= content words

- main carrieres of meaning in a text

- can be heads of phrase 

- members of open classes

Q:

functional words

A:

- provide 'mortar' of sentences

- indicate relationship between content words or larger units

- indicate the way in which these units are to be interpreted

- members of closed classes

Q:

recursivity

A:

- structure, such as a phrase or a clause, may form a part of a larger structure of the same kind, allowing for potentially infinite variety of constructions

[- a phrase in a phrase in a phrase...]

Q:

homophones

A:

words that are pronounced the same

Q:

homographs

A:

words that are spelt the same

Q:

heteronyms

A:

words that are spelt the same but NOT pronounced the same 

Linguistics

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