Rural Sociology at Westsächsische Hochschule | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Rural Sociology an der Westsächsische Hochschule

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Where is the difference between Sociology and Rural Sociology

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Sociology:

  • Study about social (interaction, human behavior, interpretation of interaction) 
  • related to non-urban/non-metropolitan areas

Rural Sociology:

  • Rural sociology is historically defined as the sociological study of social organization and processes that are characteristic of rural societies and geographical areas where population densities are relatively low
  • related to non-urban/non-metropolitan areas →  environment

  • increasingly addresses the relationships between rural society and society as a whole and within the global economy and society
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What is a sign?

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Definition: Sign (Carl Jung): Sign is something known, words stands for its
referent

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How do you define Symbol?

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  • Sth. Such as an object picture/written word/… that represents sth. else by association, resemblance, or convention
    ▪ Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
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Which landscape concepts do you know?

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  1. European/American Landscape Concept: Cultural LS
  2. Asian Concept: Signs & Symbols
  3. Austrailan (aboriginal) concept: Inscape
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What do you know about the cultural roots of landscape in Asia?

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  • Landscape as a symbolic heritage 
    • Inscape (cultural, collective) → Poems, Characters (Letters), Paintings
    • Definition: Symbol
      • Sth. Such as an object picture/written word/… that represents sth. else by
        association, resemblance, or convention
      • Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
    • Symbolic Forms – Ernest Cassirer
      •  Man is symbolic animal
        • Animals perceive their world by instincts and direct sensory perception
        • Man has created his own universe of symbolic meaning that structures and shapes his perception of reality
  •  Definition: Sign (Carl Jung): Sign is something known, words stands for its referent
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Where is the difference between signs and symbols?

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  • Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
  • Sign is something known, words stands for its referent
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What do you know about the austrailan/aboriginal concept of Landscape ? Where are the differences to the European concept?

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Australian/Aborigenies concept

  • LS painting under the surface of the painting
    •  Under the surface: information + look form the inside on LS
  • Map is a part of a mental landscape story


Europe x America

  • How to reach a place?
  •  Europe: Formalize map + boundaries + ownership → control + info on eco. development
  • look from the outside on landscape
    → our European Point of view is not the only one!
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What is the approach of the modern sociology?

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Approach: Social constructivism

  • Human environment = no species-specific environment
  •  Social Order
  • Revolution: content/aims of institutions are no longer valid
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How is reality perceived in modern sociology?

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Reality
o social reality

as being distinct from biological and individual reality, where reality is relative to
the individual.

▪ concerned with the phenomenon of social interactions being responsible for
reality
, which transcends any individuals actions
o Reality: Subjective or objective (social constructivists)?
▪ Reality as objective: Reality that exists outside of our minds. Reality that
everyone else sees.
Reality as subjective: Reality that is subject to the individual. The reality that
only the viewer sees.

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What is meant by Symbolic Forms?

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▪ Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
▪ Symbolic Forms – Ernest Cassirer
• Man is symbolic animal.
• Animals perceive their world by instincts and direct sensory
perception,
• Man has created his own universe of symbolic meaning that
structures and shapes his perception of reality

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What does inscape mean?

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  • Inscape – is landscape perception influenced by social and culture condition
  • Pierre Dansereau” fathers of ecology".”:
  •  Ecology and sociology synthesis 
  •  Concept of Inscape / Landscape
  • Inscape= internal picture of the landscape = mental map
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What do you know about

Social Construction of Landscape

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  • Social sciences understand landscapes more often to be as a result of social construction, this is a result of individual and societal progress. 
  •  Landscape is socially constructed + historically grown + controlled
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  • 7998 Karteikarten
  • 221 Studierende
  • 17 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Rural Sociology Kurs an der Westsächsische Hochschule - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Where is the difference between Sociology and Rural Sociology

A:

Sociology:

  • Study about social (interaction, human behavior, interpretation of interaction) 
  • related to non-urban/non-metropolitan areas

Rural Sociology:

  • Rural sociology is historically defined as the sociological study of social organization and processes that are characteristic of rural societies and geographical areas where population densities are relatively low
  • related to non-urban/non-metropolitan areas →  environment

  • increasingly addresses the relationships between rural society and society as a whole and within the global economy and society
Q:

What is a sign?

A:

Definition: Sign (Carl Jung): Sign is something known, words stands for its
referent

Q:

How do you define Symbol?

A:
  • Sth. Such as an object picture/written word/… that represents sth. else by association, resemblance, or convention
    ▪ Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
Q:

Which landscape concepts do you know?

A:
  1. European/American Landscape Concept: Cultural LS
  2. Asian Concept: Signs & Symbols
  3. Austrailan (aboriginal) concept: Inscape
Q:

What do you know about the cultural roots of landscape in Asia?

A:
  • Landscape as a symbolic heritage 
    • Inscape (cultural, collective) → Poems, Characters (Letters), Paintings
    • Definition: Symbol
      • Sth. Such as an object picture/written word/… that represents sth. else by
        association, resemblance, or convention
      • Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
    • Symbolic Forms – Ernest Cassirer
      •  Man is symbolic animal
        • Animals perceive their world by instincts and direct sensory perception
        • Man has created his own universe of symbolic meaning that structures and shapes his perception of reality
  •  Definition: Sign (Carl Jung): Sign is something known, words stands for its referent
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Where is the difference between signs and symbols?

A:
  • Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
  • Sign is something known, words stands for its referent
Q:

What do you know about the austrailan/aboriginal concept of Landscape ? Where are the differences to the European concept?

A:

Australian/Aborigenies concept

  • LS painting under the surface of the painting
    •  Under the surface: information + look form the inside on LS
  • Map is a part of a mental landscape story


Europe x America

  • How to reach a place?
  •  Europe: Formalize map + boundaries + ownership → control + info on eco. development
  • look from the outside on landscape
    → our European Point of view is not the only one!
Q:

What is the approach of the modern sociology?

A:

Approach: Social constructivism

  • Human environment = no species-specific environment
  •  Social Order
  • Revolution: content/aims of institutions are no longer valid
Q:

How is reality perceived in modern sociology?

A:

Reality
o social reality

as being distinct from biological and individual reality, where reality is relative to
the individual.

▪ concerned with the phenomenon of social interactions being responsible for
reality
, which transcends any individuals actions
o Reality: Subjective or objective (social constructivists)?
▪ Reality as objective: Reality that exists outside of our minds. Reality that
everyone else sees.
Reality as subjective: Reality that is subject to the individual. The reality that
only the viewer sees.

Q:

What is meant by Symbolic Forms?

A:

▪ Symbol is something unknown, cannot be made clear or precise
▪ Symbolic Forms – Ernest Cassirer
• Man is symbolic animal.
• Animals perceive their world by instincts and direct sensory
perception,
• Man has created his own universe of symbolic meaning that
structures and shapes his perception of reality

Q:

What does inscape mean?

A:
  • Inscape – is landscape perception influenced by social and culture condition
  • Pierre Dansereau” fathers of ecology".”:
  •  Ecology and sociology synthesis 
  •  Concept of Inscape / Landscape
  • Inscape= internal picture of the landscape = mental map
Q:

What do you know about

Social Construction of Landscape

A:
  • Social sciences understand landscapes more often to be as a result of social construction, this is a result of individual and societal progress. 
  •  Landscape is socially constructed + historically grown + controlled
Rural Sociology

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