CVS at Wayamba University Of Sri Lanka | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für CVS an der Wayamba University of Sri Lanka

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What are the types of arteries involved in atherosclerosis?
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medium sized (muscular) arteries & large arteries (elastic)
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What is a fatty Streak?
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Earliest macroscopic change of Atherosclerosis. It appears in teenage years. Every fatty streak will not become a plaque, if risk factors an controlled.

It's a yellowish, flat, linear streak
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What are the components of atheromatous plaque? 
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Cells ( Macrophages, T cells, smooth muscle cells )
ECM (Fibrous cap rich in collagen Type 1 + proteoglycan)
Introccellular & Extracellular lipids (Cholesterol)
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What is the reason for death in Kawasaki?
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Thrombosis leading to MI in a stenotic or aneurysmal coronary artery.
Rupture of aneurysm is rare 
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What are the other diagnostic criteria of Kawasaki?
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Non purulent Conjunctivitis
Polymorphous erythematous Rash
Changes in Extremities
OrAl changes
Cervical lyMphadenopathy  
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What are the changes in Extremities?
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Dorsum of the feet and hands become edematous
Painful
Erythema in palm and feet
Beau’s line (horizontal grooves across the nails)
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What’s the essential criteria of diagnosing Kawasaki?
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Fever more than 5 days
High fever 39- 40 C
Not respondimg to antipyretics
Remittent/ fluctuating fever pattern
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What is incomplete/ atypical Kawasaki?
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Children who are suspected of having not full filed criteria (fever is there other ceiterias are less)
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What are the supportive tests?
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FBC -mild / moderate anemia, thrombocytosis
ESR/CR
Echo
USS
UFR
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What are the features of rash in Kawasaki?

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Nonspecific, polymorphism, novesicles, macular papular, erythematous, not itchy
Located on trunk, face, extremities and perineum
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What are the oral changes in Kawasaki?
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Redness
Strawberry like tongue
Prominent papillae
Swollen lips, vertical cracking, bleeding

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What are the other minor features of Kawasaki?
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Hydrops of gall bladder
Aseptic meningitis
Cholestatic jaundice 
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  • 222 Karteikarten
  • 7 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen CVS Kurs an der Wayamba University of Sri Lanka - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What are the types of arteries involved in atherosclerosis?
A:
medium sized (muscular) arteries & large arteries (elastic)
Q:
What is a fatty Streak?
A:
Earliest macroscopic change of Atherosclerosis. It appears in teenage years. Every fatty streak will not become a plaque, if risk factors an controlled.

It's a yellowish, flat, linear streak
Q:
What are the components of atheromatous plaque? 
A:
Cells ( Macrophages, T cells, smooth muscle cells )
ECM (Fibrous cap rich in collagen Type 1 + proteoglycan)
Introccellular & Extracellular lipids (Cholesterol)
Q:
What is the reason for death in Kawasaki?
A:
Thrombosis leading to MI in a stenotic or aneurysmal coronary artery.
Rupture of aneurysm is rare 
Q:
What are the other diagnostic criteria of Kawasaki?
A:
Non purulent Conjunctivitis
Polymorphous erythematous Rash
Changes in Extremities
OrAl changes
Cervical lyMphadenopathy  
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are the changes in Extremities?
A:
Dorsum of the feet and hands become edematous
Painful
Erythema in palm and feet
Beau’s line (horizontal grooves across the nails)
Q:
What’s the essential criteria of diagnosing Kawasaki?
A:
Fever more than 5 days
High fever 39- 40 C
Not respondimg to antipyretics
Remittent/ fluctuating fever pattern
Q:
What is incomplete/ atypical Kawasaki?
A:
Children who are suspected of having not full filed criteria (fever is there other ceiterias are less)
Q:
What are the supportive tests?
A:
FBC -mild / moderate anemia, thrombocytosis
ESR/CR
Echo
USS
UFR
Q:
What are the features of rash in Kawasaki?

A:
Nonspecific, polymorphism, novesicles, macular papular, erythematous, not itchy
Located on trunk, face, extremities and perineum
Q:
What are the oral changes in Kawasaki?
A:
Redness
Strawberry like tongue
Prominent papillae
Swollen lips, vertical cracking, bleeding

Q:
What are the other minor features of Kawasaki?
A:
Hydrops of gall bladder
Aseptic meningitis
Cholestatic jaundice 
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