7 Axial skeleton at Wageningen University

Flashcards and summaries for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

Which one the the oldest; notochord or vertebral column?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

Why is the evolution of the vertebral column in fishes and tetrapods complicated?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

The dorsal arches


neural and interneural together (function):

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

The ventral arches


hemal and interhemal arches:


Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

The bases of the ventral arches expand from the centra were they meet the notochord, what is the function of the centra?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

The vertebral segments composing the axial column tend to become regionally differentiated within the vertebral column they define; true or false?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

Name the components of the vertebral column in most fishes


Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

Name the components of the vertebral column in early tetrapods

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

What are aspondyly?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

What are diplospondyly?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

What is the body of each vertebral segment in amniotes?

Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

In amniotes, what do the remnants of the intercentrum contribute to?


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Exemplary flashcards for 7 Axial skeleton at the Wageningen University on StudySmarter:

7 Axial skeleton

Which one the the oldest; notochord or vertebral column?

The notochord is the oldest but it gave way to the vertebral column

7 Axial skeleton

Why is the evolution of the vertebral column in fishes and tetrapods complicated?

Because some components became enlarged, others were lost and some evolved independently several times

7 Axial skeleton

The dorsal arches


neural and interneural together (function):

Protect the neural tube

7 Axial skeleton

The ventral arches


hemal and interhemal arches:


Enclose blood vessels

7 Axial skeleton

The bases of the ventral arches expand from the centra were they meet the notochord, what is the function of the centra?

They serve to anchor and support these arches

7 Axial skeleton

The vertebral segments composing the axial column tend to become regionally differentiated within the vertebral column they define; true or false?

True

7 Axial skeleton

Name the components of the vertebral column in most fishes


Trunk region and caudal region

7 Axial skeleton

Name the components of the vertebral column in early tetrapods

Cervical, trunk, sacral, caudal

7 Axial skeleton

What are aspondyly?

Vertebrates where the centra are absent

7 Axial skeleton

What are diplospondyly?

Vertebrates with two centra per segment

7 Axial skeleton

What is the body of each vertebral segment in amniotes?

the pleurocentrum

7 Axial skeleton

In amniotes, what do the remnants of the intercentrum contribute to?


To cervical vertebrae and to other vertebral elements but for the most part the intercentrum becomes the intervertebral cartilage; disk

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