7 Axial Skeleton at Wageningen University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für 7 Axial skeleton an der Wageningen University

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Which one the the oldest; notochord or vertebral column?

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The notochord is the oldest but it gave way to the vertebral column

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Why is the evolution of the vertebral column in fishes and tetrapods complicated?

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Because some components became enlarged, others were lost and some evolved independently several times

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Describe the vertebral column in protovertebrae

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Segmental blocks along a notochord

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Describe the process of bone formation

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Osteoblasts deposit bone calcium apesite, osteoblasts become trapped in the new forming layer of bone and become osteocytes and osteoclasts are involved in breaking down bone for remodelling

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What are the sternebrae?

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The ossified elements that make up the sternum in most mammals

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Twisting movements are regulated by?

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The atlantoaxial joint

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What is the definition of an intervertebral disk and what kind of animals do have this?

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It is a pad of fibrocartilage whose gel-like core, the nucleus pulposus, is derived from the embryonic notochord. And are only found in mammals

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Give the two components of the axial skeleton

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Notochord and vertebral column

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What is the body of each vertebral segment in amniotes?

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the pleurocentrum

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The bases of the ventral arches expand from the centra were they meet the notochord, what is the function of the centra?

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They serve to anchor and support these arches

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Ribs of primitive tetrapods are bicipital this means that:

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They have two heads that articulate with the vertebrae

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What were the first components of the vertebrae to appear?

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The dorsal and ventral arches that rested upon the notochord

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Q:

Which one the the oldest; notochord or vertebral column?

A:

The notochord is the oldest but it gave way to the vertebral column

Q:

Why is the evolution of the vertebral column in fishes and tetrapods complicated?

A:

Because some components became enlarged, others were lost and some evolved independently several times

Q:

Describe the vertebral column in protovertebrae

A:

Segmental blocks along a notochord

Q:

Describe the process of bone formation

A:

Osteoblasts deposit bone calcium apesite, osteoblasts become trapped in the new forming layer of bone and become osteocytes and osteoclasts are involved in breaking down bone for remodelling

Q:

What are the sternebrae?

A:

The ossified elements that make up the sternum in most mammals

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Q:

Twisting movements are regulated by?

A:

The atlantoaxial joint

Q:

What is the definition of an intervertebral disk and what kind of animals do have this?

A:

It is a pad of fibrocartilage whose gel-like core, the nucleus pulposus, is derived from the embryonic notochord. And are only found in mammals

Q:

Give the two components of the axial skeleton

A:

Notochord and vertebral column

Q:

What is the body of each vertebral segment in amniotes?

A:

the pleurocentrum

Q:

The bases of the ventral arches expand from the centra were they meet the notochord, what is the function of the centra?

A:

They serve to anchor and support these arches

Q:

Ribs of primitive tetrapods are bicipital this means that:

A:

They have two heads that articulate with the vertebrae

Q:

What were the first components of the vertebrae to appear?

A:

The dorsal and ventral arches that rested upon the notochord

7 Axial skeleton

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