55. Carpus, Metacarpus And Digits at Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für 55. Carpus, Metacarpus and Digits an der Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which carpal joint has a greater deviation of angles throughout the gait cycle?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ABC

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Where are the palmar radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments located?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

intraarticular

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Where is the highest mode of failure of carpal ligaments?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

mid-ligament

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which carpal ligaments have the lowest elastic modulus?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Medial and lateral collateral ligaments

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the different approaches for the different metabone?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Medial approach: metacarpal II
  • Lateral approach: metacarpal V
  • Dorsal approach: for others
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

In which cases (6) is the surgical correction of metacarpal/metatarsal fractures recommended?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. > 2 metacarpal or metatarsal Fx in same manus
  2. Fx involve both of primary weight-bearing bones (metacarpals or metatarsals III and IV)
  3. Articular Fx
  4. Fx fragments displaced by > 50%
  5. Fx involve the base of metacarpal/metatarsal II or V
  6. Patient is a large-breed or athletic working or show dog
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the function of the palmar radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Cranial and caudal stability

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the differencies in metabone fractures between pet and racing Greyhound?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • In pet (nonracing)
    1. Result of trauma
    2. Metabone body = most commonly fractured area


  • In racing Greyhound
    1. Stress or fatigue Fracture
    2. Most commonly in young racing Greyhound
    3. Most commonly on metacarpal V of the left thoracic limb or metacarpal II of right thoracic limb
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

According to Dee and Dee, what are the 3 types of metabone fracture in racng dogs? How should you treat them?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Type I
    • Endosteal and cortical bone thickening on Rx
    • Clinically lame on day of race + day after race
    • Tx: rest for 3 months, then slow return to activity
    • Prognosis: good
  • Type II
    • Minimally displaced hairline Fx
    • Tx: external coaptation for 6 to 8 weeks
    • Prognosis: good
  • Type III
    • Complete Fx with Fx displacement
    • Clinically: lame
    • Tx: surgical fixation + external coaptation for optimal change to return to racing
    • Prognosis: guarded
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which bandge do you use in a metabone Fx for conservative treatment?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Casting materials or modified Robert Jones-type bandage with splint on palmar/plantar aspect of lower limb

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the kinematic difference of the stance phase and early swing phase between cats and dogs.

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

CATS: pronate front paws during beginning of stance phase, until neutral position, at end of stance phase, paw is supinated gradually

DOG: all 4 weight bearing phalanges on the ground at the same time, at the end of stance phase the paw is moved medially so that supination could commence in the swing phase

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the antebrachial joint angle throughout most of the stance phase?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

18°

Lösung ausblenden
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Q:

Which carpal joint has a greater deviation of angles throughout the gait cycle?

A:

ABC

Q:

Where are the palmar radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments located?

A:

intraarticular

Q:

Where is the highest mode of failure of carpal ligaments?

A:

mid-ligament

Q:

Which carpal ligaments have the lowest elastic modulus?

A:

Medial and lateral collateral ligaments

Q:

What are the different approaches for the different metabone?

A:
  • Medial approach: metacarpal II
  • Lateral approach: metacarpal V
  • Dorsal approach: for others
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

In which cases (6) is the surgical correction of metacarpal/metatarsal fractures recommended?

A:
  1. > 2 metacarpal or metatarsal Fx in same manus
  2. Fx involve both of primary weight-bearing bones (metacarpals or metatarsals III and IV)
  3. Articular Fx
  4. Fx fragments displaced by > 50%
  5. Fx involve the base of metacarpal/metatarsal II or V
  6. Patient is a large-breed or athletic working or show dog
Q:

What is the function of the palmar radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments?

A:

Cranial and caudal stability

Q:

What are the differencies in metabone fractures between pet and racing Greyhound?

A:
  • In pet (nonracing)
    1. Result of trauma
    2. Metabone body = most commonly fractured area


  • In racing Greyhound
    1. Stress or fatigue Fracture
    2. Most commonly in young racing Greyhound
    3. Most commonly on metacarpal V of the left thoracic limb or metacarpal II of right thoracic limb
Q:

According to Dee and Dee, what are the 3 types of metabone fracture in racng dogs? How should you treat them?

A:
  • Type I
    • Endosteal and cortical bone thickening on Rx
    • Clinically lame on day of race + day after race
    • Tx: rest for 3 months, then slow return to activity
    • Prognosis: good
  • Type II
    • Minimally displaced hairline Fx
    • Tx: external coaptation for 6 to 8 weeks
    • Prognosis: good
  • Type III
    • Complete Fx with Fx displacement
    • Clinically: lame
    • Tx: surgical fixation + external coaptation for optimal change to return to racing
    • Prognosis: guarded
Q:

Which bandge do you use in a metabone Fx for conservative treatment?

A:

Casting materials or modified Robert Jones-type bandage with splint on palmar/plantar aspect of lower limb

Q:

Describe the kinematic difference of the stance phase and early swing phase between cats and dogs.

A:

CATS: pronate front paws during beginning of stance phase, until neutral position, at end of stance phase, paw is supinated gradually

DOG: all 4 weight bearing phalanges on the ground at the same time, at the end of stance phase the paw is moved medially so that supination could commence in the swing phase

Q:

What is the antebrachial joint angle throughout most of the stance phase?

A:

18°

55. Carpus, Metacarpus and Digits

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