52. Surgical Diseases Of The Elbow at Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für 52. Surgical Diseases of the Elbow an der Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

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What considers the angular vector model as a cause of mechanical overload?

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negative an positive radioulnar incongruence

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how are the CUE implants anchored?

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Press fit

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A short radius is also called:

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positive radioulnar incongruence

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Name the typical clinical signs in a dog with humeroradial congenital elbow luxation (5)


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  • supination of the antebrachium
  • valgus deformity at the carpus
  • mild lameness.
  • radial head can be palpated lateral to the joint
  • limited ROM of the elbow joint
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name the proportion of congenital luxation of the elbow joint among all nontraumatic lamenesses attributable to the elbow in the dog?

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15-20%

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Name the 3 types of congenital luxation of the elbow joint, which one is most common?

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  • Humeroulnar > humeroradial, combined humeroulnar + humeroradial
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Which dogs are good candidate for reattachment of anconeal process?

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< 24 weeks of age with normal formed trochlear notch

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What is included under the term of elbow dysplasia?

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  1. Fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP)
  2. Osteochondrosis (OC(D)) of humeral trochlea
  3. Ununited anconeal process
  4. Articular cartilage damage
  5. Joint incongruity
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the most common cause of asynchronous growth between radius and ulna and what are the consequensis?

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  • Damage to distal ulnar physis
  • Ulna becomes shorter than radius
    • ↓ distance between anconeal process and head of radius compared with normal joints
  • If head of radius located proximal to medial coronoid process => humeral condyle shifts proximally => excessive force on developing anconeal process
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When should be a removal of anconeal process in ununited anconeal process considered?

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  1. Malformed anconeal process
  2. Older dogs with severe osteoarthritic changes
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When should an open reduction and immobilization be performed in a type II congenital elbow luxation?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

dogs > 4 to 5 months

failure of closed reduction

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the options for maintenance of reduction in an open reduction of type II congenital elbow luxation?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Medial imbrication
  2. Transposition of the olecranon medially and distally
  3. Ulnar osteotomy and radioulnar synostosis
  4. Trochlea and trochlear notch reconstruction
  5. External fixation
  6. Transarticular pins
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen 52. Surgical Diseases of the Elbow Kurs an der Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What considers the angular vector model as a cause of mechanical overload?

A:

negative an positive radioulnar incongruence

Q:

how are the CUE implants anchored?

A:

Press fit

Q:

A short radius is also called:

A:

positive radioulnar incongruence

Q:

Name the typical clinical signs in a dog with humeroradial congenital elbow luxation (5)


A:
  • supination of the antebrachium
  • valgus deformity at the carpus
  • mild lameness.
  • radial head can be palpated lateral to the joint
  • limited ROM of the elbow joint
Q:

Name the proportion of congenital luxation of the elbow joint among all nontraumatic lamenesses attributable to the elbow in the dog?

A:

15-20%

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Name the 3 types of congenital luxation of the elbow joint, which one is most common?

A:
  • Humeroulnar > humeroradial, combined humeroulnar + humeroradial
Q:

Which dogs are good candidate for reattachment of anconeal process?

A:

< 24 weeks of age with normal formed trochlear notch

Q:

What is included under the term of elbow dysplasia?

A:
  1. Fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP)
  2. Osteochondrosis (OC(D)) of humeral trochlea
  3. Ununited anconeal process
  4. Articular cartilage damage
  5. Joint incongruity
Q:

What is the most common cause of asynchronous growth between radius and ulna and what are the consequensis?

A:
  • Damage to distal ulnar physis
  • Ulna becomes shorter than radius
    • ↓ distance between anconeal process and head of radius compared with normal joints
  • If head of radius located proximal to medial coronoid process => humeral condyle shifts proximally => excessive force on developing anconeal process
Q:

When should be a removal of anconeal process in ununited anconeal process considered?

A:
  1. Malformed anconeal process
  2. Older dogs with severe osteoarthritic changes
Q:

When should an open reduction and immobilization be performed in a type II congenital elbow luxation?

A:

dogs > 4 to 5 months

failure of closed reduction

Q:

What are the options for maintenance of reduction in an open reduction of type II congenital elbow luxation?

A:
  1. Medial imbrication
  2. Transposition of the olecranon medially and distally
  3. Ulnar osteotomy and radioulnar synostosis
  4. Trochlea and trochlear notch reconstruction
  5. External fixation
  6. Transarticular pins
52. Surgical Diseases of the Elbow

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