BIO143 at University of Zürich

Flashcards and summaries for BIO143 at the University of Zürich

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Neurobiologie vereinfacht ist?

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Welche Disziplinen sind in Neurobiologie wichtig?

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Kardiozentrische These von Aristoteles

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Zephalozentrische These von Hippokrates

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Methodi medendi

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die ersten drei bekannten Hirnanatomen

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Wer war Verfechter der Neuronentheorie? Wer war sein Gegner und was dachte dieser?

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Welche Zelltypen gibt es im Gehirn?

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Wie heissen die 4 Typen an Gliazellen?

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Astrocyten beseitigen ___ aus der Synapse

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Neuronen in Wirbeltierhirnen sind entweder

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3 Grundprinzipien von neuronalen Verbindungen

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Exemplary flashcards for BIO143 at the University of Zürich on StudySmarter:

BIO143

Neurobiologie vereinfacht ist?

Interner Input + Externer Input ins ZNS und dann Output (Verhalten)

BIO143

Welche Disziplinen sind in Neurobiologie wichtig?

Genetik

Zellbiologie

Psychologie

Philosophie

Rechtswissenschaften

Medizin

Anatomie

Embryologie

BIO143

Kardiozentrische These von Aristoteles

Er dachte, dass Hirn sei dazu da, um das Blut zu kühlen, denn das Blut beinhaltet die Gefühle und die Gedanken.

BIO143

Zephalozentrische These von Hippokrates

Hippokrates erkannte, dass das Hirn entscheidend ist, für das Denken und Fühlen

BIO143

Methodi medendi

  • erstes Medizinbuch, war bis in die Neuzeit einflussreich
  • Viersäftelehre
    • Blut
    • Schleim
    • gelbe Galle
    • Schwarze Galle
  • Erstbeschrieb sympathisches Nervensystem und Altersschwund des Gehirns
  • Ventrikeltheorie (Gehirn)

BIO143

die ersten drei bekannten Hirnanatomen

Carl Wernicke 1848-1905

Paul Broca 1824-1905

Korbinian Brodmann 1868-1918

BIO143

Wer war Verfechter der Neuronentheorie? Wer war sein Gegner und was dachte dieser?

Ramon y Cajal war Verfechter der Neuronentheorie, sein Gegner war Camillo Golgi und dieser meinte, das Hirn besteht aus einer einzigen Zelle

BIO143

Welche Zelltypen gibt es im Gehirn?

es gibt Neuronen (80mrd) und Gliazellen (1-50 pro Neuron)

BIO143

Wie heissen die 4 Typen an Gliazellen?


Astrozyten, Mikroglia, Oligodendrozyten, Schwann‘sche Zellen (PNS)


BIO143

Astrocyten beseitigen ___ aus der Synapse

Neurotransmitter

BIO143

Neuronen in Wirbeltierhirnen sind entweder

in Schichten (Neocortex) oder in Kernen/Nuclei angeordnet

BIO143

3 Grundprinzipien von neuronalen Verbindungen

  • lange hierarchische Projektionen (zB. Sehbahn)
  • lokale Schaltkreise (zB. Hirnkerne, Retina)
  • Verteilte Einzelquellen-Schaltkreise (zB. Dopaminsystem)

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