Psychology at University Of Western Australia | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Psychology an der University of Western Australia

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what is the main purpose of a group?

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groups are an important source of pride and self-esteem. groups give us a sense of social identity, which is a belonging to the social world. 


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what are social roles?


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Social roles are the part people play as members of a social group.


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what is social status?


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it refers to the relative level of respect, honor, assumed competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society

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what is group cooperation?


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Cooperation is "work[ing] or act[ing] together or jointly for a common purpose or benefit (cooperate).


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what is the behaviour of groups during competition?


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the competitiveness of in-group and out-group results in negative stereotyping and aggression towards the out-group

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what is social loafing?


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the tendency of individuals to put forth less effort when they are part of a group compared to when they work individually

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why does social loafing occur?

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it can occur when the task is meaningless and involving, the group is large and unimportant and each individuals contribution to the group isn't personally identifiable


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what 2 empirical evidence proves social loafing?

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the sufferer effect states that when individuals perceive their group members are not putting in the effort, they themselves reduce their efforts

the free rider effect states that when individuals reduce their effort because the effect of other group members will carry the individual group

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how can you reduce social loafing?


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1. to increase a persons accountability by exposing their contributions 

2. increase the commitment to the success of group tasks

3. increase the importance of the task

4. increase the perception that contributions of each member are necessary

5. assign roles

limit group size

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define brainstorming


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an individual or group process for generating alternative ideas for a topic or solution


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what are benefits of brainstorming?

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many ideas can be generated in a short time

is a democratic way of generating ideas

its a useful way to get overthinking blocks

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What is a group?

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2 or more people who interact with and influence each other for more than s short period of time

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Q:

what is the main purpose of a group?

A:

groups are an important source of pride and self-esteem. groups give us a sense of social identity, which is a belonging to the social world. 


Q:

what are social roles?


A:

Social roles are the part people play as members of a social group.


Q:

what is social status?


A:

it refers to the relative level of respect, honor, assumed competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society

Q:

what is group cooperation?


A:

Cooperation is "work[ing] or act[ing] together or jointly for a common purpose or benefit (cooperate).


Q:

what is the behaviour of groups during competition?


A:

the competitiveness of in-group and out-group results in negative stereotyping and aggression towards the out-group

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

what is social loafing?


A:

the tendency of individuals to put forth less effort when they are part of a group compared to when they work individually

Q:

why does social loafing occur?

A:

it can occur when the task is meaningless and involving, the group is large and unimportant and each individuals contribution to the group isn't personally identifiable


Q:

what 2 empirical evidence proves social loafing?

A:

the sufferer effect states that when individuals perceive their group members are not putting in the effort, they themselves reduce their efforts

the free rider effect states that when individuals reduce their effort because the effect of other group members will carry the individual group

Q:

how can you reduce social loafing?


A:

1. to increase a persons accountability by exposing their contributions 

2. increase the commitment to the success of group tasks

3. increase the importance of the task

4. increase the perception that contributions of each member are necessary

5. assign roles

limit group size

Q:

define brainstorming


A:

an individual or group process for generating alternative ideas for a topic or solution


Q:

what are benefits of brainstorming?

A:

many ideas can be generated in a short time

is a democratic way of generating ideas

its a useful way to get overthinking blocks

Q:

What is a group?

A:

2 or more people who interact with and influence each other for more than s short period of time

Psychology

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