Variables at University Of Washington | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Variables an der University of Washington

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What is the role of a moderating variable?

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• Affects the relationship between X and Y
• Strengthen/ weaken the effect of X on Y
• Sometimes it even change the relationship between X and Y
• Moderates, third party that gets in between, interaction variable

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What is the dependant variable?

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• The variable being measured, which changes in response to the independent variable.
• The social phenomenon or behavior the study is trying to explain or describe.
• The variable the authors devote most effort to observing or measuring

Notes:
- What we are trying to explain
- The variable to be explained
- explained by other variables
- presumed effect in a study
- NOT the unit of analysis
- DV: is measured in: ordinal, interval, nominal or ratio scales.

Also Known:
• outcome variable
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What is the independent variable?

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• It is the cause. Its value is independent of other variables in your study.
• The studys primary cause/s of intrest
• The variable that produces the effect being explained
• Changes or affects the value or level of the dependent variable.
• X variable
• Variables of intrest

Notes:
- Sociologists typically cannot manipulate the independent variable because of ethical concerns and rely on variations that occur naturally.
- variables that explain others
- manipulated variable, presumed cause in a study

Also known as:
• causal variable
• experimental variable
• explanatory variable
• predictor variable
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What are the roles of a moderating variable?
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Alters the relationship between X and Y
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The social phenomenon or behavior the study is trying to explain or describe is the ______.
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Moderating Variable
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What are the types of variables as building blocks of conceptual model?
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1. dependent
2. independent
3. mediating
4. moderating
5. control variable

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How does watching TV during studying affect a student’s test grades? Which variable is highlighted in red?

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Dependent Variable

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What's a mediating variable?
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• Explains a relation or provides a causal link btw. other variables.
• variables that explain why the independent and dependent variables have a  casual relationship.
• explains why(z), y + x correlate with each other.

Notes:
- sub hypothesis
- variables being accounted for in the study.
- What explains the correlation
- The variable that connects the DV and the In.V.
- Only explains part of the association
▪︎ DOESN'T explain everything in relation to the independent variable.

Vocabulary:
- Accounted: being researched or studied with the main idea of the study
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What does "net" or "net of" mean?
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a model with all controls included
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How does phone use before bedtime affect sleep? Identify the DV & INV.
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DV: Phone use before bed
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Changes or affects the value or level of the dependent variable is ________?
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Mediating Variable
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The cause is knows as the _____ in the study.
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Mediating Variable
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Q:

What is the role of a moderating variable?

A:
• Affects the relationship between X and Y
• Strengthen/ weaken the effect of X on Y
• Sometimes it even change the relationship between X and Y
• Moderates, third party that gets in between, interaction variable

Q:

What is the dependant variable?

A:
• The variable being measured, which changes in response to the independent variable.
• The social phenomenon or behavior the study is trying to explain or describe.
• The variable the authors devote most effort to observing or measuring

Notes:
- What we are trying to explain
- The variable to be explained
- explained by other variables
- presumed effect in a study
- NOT the unit of analysis
- DV: is measured in: ordinal, interval, nominal or ratio scales.

Also Known:
• outcome variable
Q:

What is the independent variable?

A:
• It is the cause. Its value is independent of other variables in your study.
• The studys primary cause/s of intrest
• The variable that produces the effect being explained
• Changes or affects the value or level of the dependent variable.
• X variable
• Variables of intrest

Notes:
- Sociologists typically cannot manipulate the independent variable because of ethical concerns and rely on variations that occur naturally.
- variables that explain others
- manipulated variable, presumed cause in a study

Also known as:
• causal variable
• experimental variable
• explanatory variable
• predictor variable
Q:
What are the roles of a moderating variable?
A:
Alters the relationship between X and Y
Q:
The social phenomenon or behavior the study is trying to explain or describe is the ______.
A:
Moderating Variable
Q:
What are the types of variables as building blocks of conceptual model?
A:
1. dependent
2. independent
3. mediating
4. moderating
5. control variable

Q:

How does watching TV during studying affect a student’s test grades? Which variable is highlighted in red?

A:

Dependent Variable

Q:
What's a mediating variable?
A:
• Explains a relation or provides a causal link btw. other variables.
• variables that explain why the independent and dependent variables have a  casual relationship.
• explains why(z), y + x correlate with each other.

Notes:
- sub hypothesis
- variables being accounted for in the study.
- What explains the correlation
- The variable that connects the DV and the In.V.
- Only explains part of the association
▪︎ DOESN'T explain everything in relation to the independent variable.

Vocabulary:
- Accounted: being researched or studied with the main idea of the study
Q:
What does "net" or "net of" mean?
A:
a model with all controls included
Q:
How does phone use before bedtime affect sleep? Identify the DV & INV.
A:
DV: Phone use before bed
Q:
Changes or affects the value or level of the dependent variable is ________?
A:
Mediating Variable
Q:
The cause is knows as the _____ in the study.
A:
Mediating Variable

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